UriTemplate Class

Definition

A class that represents a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) template.

public class UriTemplate
Inheritance
UriTemplate

Examples

The following code demonstrates how to create a UriTemplate instance, and bind and match it to a candidate URI.

UriTemplate template = new UriTemplate("weather/{state}/{city}?forecast={day}");
Uri prefix = new Uri("http://localhost");

Console.WriteLine("PathSegmentVariableNames:");
foreach (string name in template.PathSegmentVariableNames)
{
    Console.WriteLine("     {0}", name);
}
Console.WriteLine();

Console.WriteLine("QueryValueVariableNames:");
foreach (string name in template.QueryValueVariableNames)
{
    Console.WriteLine("     {0}", name);
}
Console.WriteLine();

Uri positionalUri = template.BindByPosition(prefix, "Washington", "Redmond", "Today");

NameValueCollection parameters = new NameValueCollection();
parameters.Add("state", "Washington");
parameters.Add("city", "Redmond");
parameters.Add("day", "Today");
Uri namedUri = template.BindByName(prefix, parameters);

Uri fullUri = new Uri("http://localhost/weather/Washington/Redmond?forecast=today");
UriTemplateMatch results = template.Match(prefix, fullUri);

Console.WriteLine("Matching {0} to {1}", template.ToString(), fullUri.ToString());

if (results != null)
{
    foreach (string variableName in results.BoundVariables.Keys)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("   {0}: {1}", variableName, results.BoundVariables[variableName]);
    }
}
Dim template As UriTemplate = New UriTemplate("weather/{state}/{city}?forecast={day}")
Dim prefix As Uri = New Uri("http://localhost")

Console.WriteLine("PathSegmentVariableNames:")
For Each name As String In template.PathSegmentVariableNames
    Console.WriteLine("     {0}", name)
Next

Console.WriteLine()
Console.WriteLine("QueryValueVariableNames:")
For Each name As String In template.QueryValueVariableNames
    Console.WriteLine("     {0}", name)
Next
Console.WriteLine()

Dim positionalUri As Uri = template.BindByPosition(prefix, "Washington", "Redmond", "Today")

Dim parameters As NameValueCollection = New NameValueCollection()
parameters.Add("state", "Washington")
parameters.Add("city", "Redmond")
parameters.Add("day", "Today")
Dim namedUri As Uri = template.BindByName(prefix, parameters)

Dim fullUri As Uri = New Uri("http://localhost/weather/Washington/Redmond?forecast=today")
Dim results As UriTemplateMatch = template.Match(prefix, fullUri)

Console.WriteLine("Matching {0} to {1}", template.ToString(), fullUri.ToString())

If results IsNot Nothing Then
    For Each variableName As String In results.BoundVariables.Keys
        Console.WriteLine("   {0}: {1}", variableName, results.BoundVariables(variableName))
    Next
End If

Remarks

A URI template allows you to define a set of structurally similar URIs. Templates are composed of two parts, a path and a query. A path consists of a series of segments delimited by a slash (/). Each segment can have a literal value, a variable value (written within curly braces [{ }], constrained to match the contents of exactly one segment), or a wildcard (written as an asterisk [*], which matches "the rest of the path"), which must appear at the end of the path. The query expression can be omitted entirely. If present, it specifies an unordered series of name/value pairs. Elements of the query expression can be either literal pairs (?x=2) or variable pairs (?x={val}). Unpaired values are not permitted. The following examples show valid template strings:

  • "weather/WA/Seattle"

  • "weather/{state}/{city}"

  • "weather/*"

  • "weather/{state}/{city}?forecast=today

  • "weather/{state}/{city}?forecast={day}

The preceding URI templates might be used for organizing weather reports. Segments enclosed in curly braces are variables, everything else is a literal. You can convert a UriTemplate instance into a Uri by replacing variables with actual values. For example, taking the template "weather/{state}/{city}" and putting in values for the variables "{state}" and "{city}" gives you "weather/WA/Seattle". Given a candidate URI, you can test whether it matches a given URI template by calling Match(Uri, Uri). You can also use UriTemplate instances to create a Uri from a set of variable values by calling BindByName(Uri, NameValueCollection) or BindByPosition(Uri, String[]).

Constructors

UriTemplate(String)

Initializes a new instance of the UriTemplate class with the specified template string.

UriTemplate(String, Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the UriTemplate class.

UriTemplate(String, IDictionary<String,String>)

Initializes a new instance of the UriTemplate class.

UriTemplate(String, Boolean, IDictionary<String,String>)

Initializes a new instance of the UriTemplate class.

Properties

Defaults

Gets a collection of name/value pairs for any default parameter values.

IgnoreTrailingSlash

Specifies whether trailing slashes "/" in the template should be ignored when matching candidate URIs.

PathSegmentVariableNames

Gets a collection of variable names used within path segments in the template.

QueryValueVariableNames

Gets a collection of variable names used within the query string in the template.

Methods

BindByName(Uri, IDictionary<String,String>)

Creates a new URI from the template and the collection of parameters.

BindByName(Uri, NameValueCollection)

Creates a new URI from the template and the collection of parameters.

BindByName(Uri, IDictionary<String,String>, Boolean)

Creates a new URI from the template and the collection of parameters.

BindByName(Uri, NameValueCollection, Boolean)

Creates a new URI from the template and the collection of parameters.

BindByPosition(Uri, String[])

Creates a new URI from the template and an array of parameter values.

IsEquivalentTo(UriTemplate)

Indicates whether a UriTemplate is structurally equivalent to another.

Match(Uri, Uri)

Attempts to match a System.URI to a UriTemplate.

ToString()

Returns a string representation of the UriTemplate instance.

Equals(Object) Inherited from Object
Equals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object
GetHashCode() Inherited from Object
GetType() Inherited from Object
MemberwiseClone() Inherited from Object
ReferenceEquals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object

Applies to