Application.ThreadException Application.ThreadException Application.ThreadException Application.ThreadException Event

Definition

Tritt beim Auslösen einer nicht abgefangenen Threadausnahme ein.Occurs when an untrapped thread exception is thrown.

public:
 static event System::Threading::ThreadExceptionEventHandler ^ ThreadException;
public static event System.Threading.ThreadExceptionEventHandler ThreadException;
member this.ThreadException : System.Threading.ThreadExceptionEventHandler 
Public Shared Custom Event ThreadException As ThreadExceptionEventHandler 

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel werden Ereignishandler für Ausnahmen festgelegt, die bei Windows Forms Threads und Ausnahmen auftreten, die in anderen Threads auftreten.The following code example sets event handlers for exceptions that occur on Windows Forms threads and exceptions that occur on other threads. Dadurch wird SetUnhandledExceptionMode festgelegt, dass alle Ausnahmen von der Anwendung behandelt werden, unabhängig von den Einstellungen in der Benutzer Konfigurationsdatei der Anwendung.It sets SetUnhandledExceptionMode so that all exceptions are handled by the application, regardless of the settings in the application's user configuration file. Das ThreadException Ereignis wird verwendet, um Benutzeroberflächen-Thread Ausnahmen zu UnhandledException behandeln, und das-Ereignis, um nicht-UI-Thread Ausnahmen zu behandeln.It uses the ThreadException event to handle UI thread exceptions, and the UnhandledException event to handle non-UI thread exceptions. Da UnhandledException eine Anwendung nicht beenden kann, protokolliert das Beispiel einfach den Fehler im Anwendungs Ereignisprotokoll vor der Beendigung.Since UnhandledException cannot prevent an application from terminating, the example simply logs the error in the application event log before termination.

In diesem Beispiel wird davon ausgegangen, dass Button Sie zwei button1 - button2Steuerelemente, Form und für die-Klasse definiert haben.This example assumes that you have defined two Button controls, button1 and button2, on your Form class.

   // Creates a class to throw the error.
public:
   ref class ErrorHandler: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
   {
      // Inserts the code to create a form with a button.

      // Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
   private:
      void button1_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      {
         throw gcnew ArgumentException( "The parameter was invalid" );
      }

   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Creates an instance of the methods that will handle the exception.
         CustomExceptionHandler ^ eh = gcnew CustomExceptionHandler;
         
         // Adds the event handler to the event.
         Application::ThreadException += gcnew ThreadExceptionEventHandler( eh, &Form1::CustomExceptionHandler::OnThreadException );
         
         // Runs the application.
         Application::Run( gcnew ErrorHandler );
      }
   };

   // Creates a class to handle the exception event.
internal:
   ref class CustomExceptionHandler
   {
      // Handles the exception event.
   public:
      void OnThreadException( Object^ /*sender*/, ThreadExceptionEventArgs^ t )
      {
         System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = ::DialogResult::Cancel;
         try
         {
            result = this->ShowThreadExceptionDialog( t->Exception );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ) 
         {
            try
            {
               MessageBox::Show( "Fatal Error", "Fatal Error", MessageBoxButtons::AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon::Stop );
            }
            finally
            {
               Application::Exit();
            }
         }
         
         // Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
         if ( result == ::DialogResult::Abort )
         {
            Application::Exit();
         }
      }

      // Creates the error message and displays it.
   private:
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult ShowThreadExceptionDialog( Exception^ e )
      {
         String^ errorMsg = "An error occurred please contact the adminstrator with the following information:\n\n";
         errorMsg = String::Concat( errorMsg, e->Message, "\n\nStack Trace:\n", e->StackTrace );
         return MessageBox::Show( errorMsg, "Application Error", MessageBoxButtons::AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon::Stop );
      }
   };
Thread newThread = null;

// Starts the application. 
[SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag.ControlAppDomain)]
public static void Main(string[] args)
{
    // Add the event handler for handling UI thread exceptions to the event.
    Application.ThreadException += new ThreadExceptionEventHandler(ErrorHandlerForm.Form1_UIThreadException);

    // Set the unhandled exception mode to force all Windows Forms errors to go through
    // our handler.
    Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException);

    // Add the event handler for handling non-UI thread exceptions to the event. 
    AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException +=
        new UnhandledExceptionEventHandler(CurrentDomain_UnhandledException);

    // Runs the application.
    Application.Run(new ErrorHandlerForm());
}

// Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    throw new ArgumentException("The parameter was invalid");
}

// Start a new thread, separate from Windows Forms, that will throw an exception.
private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    ThreadStart newThreadStart = new ThreadStart(newThread_Execute);
    newThread = new Thread(newThreadStart);
    newThread.Start();
}

// The thread we start up to demonstrate non-UI exception handling. 
void newThread_Execute()
{
    throw new Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.");
}

// Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
// or not they wish to abort execution.
private static void Form1_UIThreadException(object sender, ThreadExceptionEventArgs t)
{
    DialogResult result = DialogResult.Cancel;
    try
    {
        result = ShowThreadExceptionDialog("Windows Forms Error", t.Exception);
    }
    catch
    {
        try
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Windows Forms Error",
                "Fatal Windows Forms Error", MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
        }
        finally
        {
            Application.Exit();
        }
    }

    // Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
    if (result == DialogResult.Abort)
        Application.Exit();
}

// Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
// or not they wish to abort execution.
// NOTE: This exception cannot be kept from terminating the application - it can only 
// log the event, and inform the user about it. 
private static void CurrentDomain_UnhandledException(object sender, UnhandledExceptionEventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        Exception ex = (Exception)e.ExceptionObject;
        string errorMsg = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " +
            "with the following information:\n\n";

        // Since we can't prevent the app from terminating, log this to the event log.
        if (!EventLog.SourceExists("ThreadException"))
        {
            EventLog.CreateEventSource("ThreadException", "Application");
        }

        // Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
        EventLog myLog = new EventLog();
        myLog.Source = "ThreadException";
        myLog.WriteEntry(errorMsg + ex.Message + "\n\nStack Trace:\n" + ex.StackTrace);
    }
    catch (Exception exc)
    {
        try
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Non-UI Error",
                "Fatal Non-UI Error. Could not write the error to the event log. Reason: "
                + exc.Message, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
        }
        finally
        {
            Application.Exit();
        }
    }
}

// Creates the error message and displays it.
private static DialogResult ShowThreadExceptionDialog(string title, Exception e)
{
    string errorMsg = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " +
        "with the following information:\n\n";
    errorMsg = errorMsg + e.Message + "\n\nStack Trace:\n" + e.StackTrace;
    return MessageBox.Show(errorMsg, title, MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore,
        MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
}
     Private newThread As Thread = Nothing

     ' Starts the application. 
     <SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags:=SecurityPermissionFlag.ControlAppDomain)> _
     Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Add the event handler for handling UI thread exceptions to the event.
         AddHandler Application.ThreadException, AddressOf ErrorHandlerForm.Form1_UIThreadException

         ' Set the unhandled exception mode to force all Windows Forms errors to go through
         ' our handler.
         Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException)

         ' Add the event handler for handling non-UI thread exceptions to the event. 
         AddHandler AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException, AddressOf CurrentDomain_UnhandledException

         ' Runs the application.
         Application.Run(New ErrorHandlerForm())
     End Sub


     ' Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
     Private Sub button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles button1.Click
         Throw New ArgumentException("The parameter was invalid")
     End Sub

     ' Start a new thread, separate from Windows Forms, that will throw an exception.
     Private Sub button2_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles button2.Click
         Dim newThreadStart As New ThreadStart(AddressOf newThread_Execute)
         newThread = New Thread(newThreadStart)
         newThread.Start()
     End Sub


     ' The thread we start up to demonstrate non-UI exception handling. 
     Sub newThread_Execute()
         Throw New Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.")
     End Sub


     ' Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
     ' or not they wish to abort execution.
     Private Shared Sub Form1_UIThreadException(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal t As ThreadExceptionEventArgs)
         Dim result As System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult = _
             System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Cancel
         Try
             result = ShowThreadExceptionDialog("Windows Forms Error", t.Exception)
         Catch
             Try
                 MessageBox.Show("Fatal Windows Forms Error", _
                     "Fatal Windows Forms Error", MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
             Finally
                 Application.Exit()
             End Try
         End Try

         ' Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
         If result = DialogResult.Abort Then
             Application.Exit()
         End If
     End Sub

     ' Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
     ' or not they wish to abort execution.
     ' NOTE: This exception cannot be kept from terminating the application - it can only 
     ' log the event, and inform the user about it. 
     Private Shared Sub CurrentDomain_UnhandledException(ByVal sender As Object, _
     ByVal e As UnhandledExceptionEventArgs)
         Try
             Dim ex As Exception = CType(e.ExceptionObject, Exception)
             Dim errorMsg As String = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " & _
                 "with the following information:" & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf

             ' Since we can't prevent the app from terminating, log this to the event log.
             If (Not EventLog.SourceExists("ThreadException")) Then
                 EventLog.CreateEventSource("ThreadException", "Application")
             End If

             ' Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
             Dim myLog As New EventLog()
             myLog.Source = "ThreadException"
             myLog.WriteEntry((errorMsg + ex.Message & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf & _
                 "Stack Trace:" & ControlChars.Lf & ex.StackTrace))
         Catch exc As Exception
             Try
                 MessageBox.Show("Fatal Non-UI Error", "Fatal Non-UI Error. Could not write the error to the event log. " & _
                     "Reason: " & exc.Message, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
             Finally
                 Application.Exit()
             End Try
         End Try
     End Sub


     ' Creates the error message and displays it.
     Private Shared Function ShowThreadExceptionDialog(ByVal title As String, ByVal e As Exception) As DialogResult
         Dim errorMsg As String = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " & _
"with the following information:" & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf
         errorMsg = errorMsg & e.Message & ControlChars.Lf & _
ControlChars.Lf & "Stack Trace:" & ControlChars.Lf & e.StackTrace

         Return MessageBox.Show(errorMsg, title, MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
     End Function

Hinweise

Dieses Ereignis ermöglicht der Windows Forms Anwendung, anderweitig nicht behandelte Ausnahmen zu behandeln, die in Windows Forms Threads auftreten.This event allows your Windows Forms application to handle otherwise unhandled exceptions that occur in Windows Forms threads. Fügen Sie die Ereignishandler an das ThreadException -Ereignis an, um diese Ausnahmen zu behandeln, sodass Ihre Anwendung in einem unbekannten Zustand bleibt.Attach your event handlers to the ThreadException event to deal with these exceptions, which will leave your application in an unknown state. Wenn möglich, sollten Ausnahmen von einem strukturierten Ausnahme Behandlungs Block behandelt werden.Where possible, exceptions should be handled by a structured exception handling block.

Durch Festlegen SetUnhandledExceptionModevon können Sie ändern, ob dieser Rückruf für nicht behandelte Windows Forms Thread Ausnahmen verwendet wird.You can change whether this callback is used for unhandled Windows Forms thread exceptions by setting SetUnhandledExceptionMode. Verwenden Sie zum Abfangen von Ausnahmen, die in nicht erstellten Threads auftreten und deren UnhandledException Besitzer Windows Forms ist, den-Ereignishandler.To catch exceptions that occur in threads not created and owned by Windows Forms, use the UnhandledException event handler.

Hinweis

Um sicherzustellen, dass keine Aktivierungen dieses Ereignisses übersehen werden, müssen Sie einen Handler anfügen Application.Run, bevor Sie den Befehl ausführen.To guarantee that no activations of this event are missed, you must attach a handler before you call Application.Run.

Achtung

Da es sich hierbei um ein statisches Ereignis handelt, müssen Sie die Ereignishandler trennen, wenn die Anwendung verworfen wird, oder die Arbeitsspeicher Verluste entstehen.Because this is a static event, you must detach your event handlers when your application is disposed, or memory leaks will result.

Sicherheit

SecurityPermission
, damit der unmittelbare Aufrufer beim Hinzufügen eines Handlers zu diesem Ereignis nicht verwalteten Code aufruft.for the immediate caller to call unmanaged code when adding a handler to this event. Zugehörige Enumeration:UnmanagedCodeAssociated enumeration: UnmanagedCode

Gilt für: