Create the SharePoint 2013 farm for a database attach upgrade
**Gilt für:**SharePoint 2013, SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Server 2013
**Letztes Änderungsdatum des Themas:**2018-02-20
Summary: Create and configure a SharePoint 2013 farm so that you can upgrade databases from SharePoint 2010 Products.
When you upgrade from SharePoint 2010-Produkte to SharePoint 2013, you must use a database attach upgrade, which means that you upgrade only the content for your environment and not the configuration settings. Before you can upgrade the content, you must configure a new server or server farm by using SharePoint 2013. This article lists the items that you have to configure when you create that new environment.
Phase 1 of the upgrade process: Create SharePoint 2013 farm
This is the first phase in the process to upgrade SharePoint 2010-Produkte data and sites to SharePoint 2013. The process includes the following phases that must be completed in order:
For an overview of the whole process, see Overview of the upgrade process from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013 and the Upgrade Process model Download the upgrade process model| .
Although this article applies to both SharePoint Foundation 2013 and SharePoint 2013, the following sections apply only to SharePoint 2013:
The section explains how to export the encryption key for the User Profile service application.
The section explains how to configure service applications, except for the Business Data Connectivity Service application which applies to SharePoint Foundation 2013 and SharePoint 2013.
Watch the SharePoint 2013 Upgrade: Phase 1 video
Before you begin
Before you create the SharePoint 2013 farm, review the following information and take any recommended actions.
Make sure that the hardware and software that you are using meets the requirements in Hardware- und Softwareanforderungen für SharePoint 2013.
Make sure that you have appropriately planned your logical and physical architecture to support the features and functionality that you want in the SharePoint 2013 farm.
Ensure that you are prepared to set up the required accounts by using appropriate permissions. For detailed information, see Erstmalige Bereitstellung von Administrator- und Dienstkonten in SharePoint Server.
Collect information and settings
Before you start to upgrade, you must collect information and settings about your existing environment. You have to know what is in your SharePoint 2010-Produkte environment before you can start to build your SharePoint 2013 environment. Gather information such as the following:
Alternate access mappings
Authentication providers and authentication modes that are being used
Self-service site management settings
Incoming and outgoing e-mail settings
You also have to turn off or remove services or components in the SharePoint 2010-Produkte environment that could cause errors in the upgrade process. The following services or components should be removed or stopped before you back up your databases:
Web Analytics The architecture for the Web Analytics service application is different in SharePoint 2010-Produkte. The presence of SharePoint Server 2010 Web Analytics information in your content databases could cause an error during upgrade. Stop the Web Analytics service application before you back up the content databases. Features and web parts from Web Analytics in SharePoint Server 2010 will not exist in SharePoint 2013, even for a site collection in 2010 mode. Remove any Web Analytics web parts or features from SharePoint Server 2010 site collections before upgrade.
For more information about this change to Web Analytics, see Änderungen zwischen SharePoint 2010 und SharePoint 2013.
PowerPoint Broadcast Sites The Office Online have changed into a separate server product, Office Online Server, which can serve multiple SharePoint farms for viewing and editing documents. Because of this change, PowerPoint Broadcast sites cannot be upgraded to SharePoint 2013. For more information about how to install and use Office Online Server with SharePoint 2013, see Konfiguration von Office Online Server Online Server für SharePoint Server 2016.
Record the passphrase for the Secure Store service application
The Secure Store service application uses a passphrase to encrypt information. You have to know what this passphrase is so that you can use it in the new environment. Otherwise, you will not have access to the information in the Secure Store. If you do not know the passphrase, you can refresh the key, and then back up the Secure Store database. For more information, see Working with encryption keys.
Export the encryption key for the User Profile service application
The User Profile Service service application requires an encryption key that is stored separately from the database and is needed if you want to upgrade the User Profile Sync database. You must export the Microsoft Identity Integration Server Key (MIIS) encryption key from your SharePoint Server 2010 environment. You will import this exported key to the SharePoint 2013 environment after you upgrade the User Profile service application databases. By default, the key is located on the server that is running SharePoint Server 2010 and that is hosting the Microsoft Forefront Identity Manager services in the following directory: <root directory drive>\Program Files\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0\Synchronization Service\Bin.
This section applies only to SharePoint 2013, not SharePoint Foundation 2013.
To export the encryption key for the User Profile service application
Verify that you have the following memberships:
- Administrators group on the server on which you are running the command.
Open the Command Prompt window, and then change to the following folder:
%Program Files%\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0\Synchronization Service\Bin\
To export the key, type the following at the command prompt, and then press ENTER:
In the Microsoft Identity Integration Server Key Management Utility wizard, verify that Export key set is selected, and then click Next.
In the Account Name box, type the account name for the farm administrator.
In the Password box, type the password for the farm administrator.
In the Domain box, type the domain that contains the farm administrator account, and then click Next.
In the Specify export file name and location box, type or click browse to select the path and file name to use for the exported key, and then click Next.
The key is exported as a file that has a .BIN file name extension.
Verify the information, and then click Finish.
A message appears indicating that the key was successfully exported.
Click Close to close the Microsoft Identity Integration Server Key Management Utility.
Install SharePoint 2013 in a new environment
Before you can upgrade your databases, you must use SharePoint 2013 to configure a new server or server farm. The first step in creating your new environment is to install SharePoint 2013 or SharePoint Foundation 2013 and configure your new server or server farm. You must do the following:
Run the Vorbereitungstool für Microsoft SharePoint-Produkte to install all required software.
Run Setup to install the product.
Install all language packs that you want in your environment.
For more information about how to install available language packs, see Installieren oder Deinstallieren von Sprachpaketen für SharePoint 2013.
Run the Konfigurations-Assistent für SharePoint-Produkte to configure your server or servers.
Some service applications can be upgraded by using a service application database upgrade. If you want to upgrade these service applications by upgrading the service application databases, do not use the Farm Configuration Wizard to configure these service applications when you set up your new farm.
For step-by-step instructions for these tasks, see Installieren von SharePoint 2013.
Configure service applications
You must create the service applications on your new farm before you upgrade your content databases. There are some service applications that can be upgraded from SharePoint 2010-Produkte to SharePoint 2013. The steps in Installieren von SharePoint 2013 describe how to use the Farm Configuration Wizard to enable all service applications. However, you should not use the Farm Configuration Wizard to enable the service applications that you want to upgrade.
The following service applications can be upgraded by performing a services database upgrade:
Business Data Connectivity Service
Managed Metadata service
Secure Store service
User Profile service
For an overview of how to upgrade these service applications, see Übersicht über Dienstupgrades von SharePoint 2010 auf SharePoint Server 2013. The steps that you must follow to upgrade these service application databases are included in the Upgrade service applications to SharePoint 2013 section.
The following services in SharePoint 2013 also require additional steps to enable and configure when you upgrade:
You can use the Farm Configuration Wizard to enable this service, but you must make sure that you create all trusted data connections again. For more information, see Konfigurieren von administrativen Einstellungen für Excel Online.
InfoPath Forms Service
This service is not part of the Farm Configuration Wizard. To use this service, use the Configure InfoPath Forms Services link on the General Application Settings page in Zentraladministration to configure it. To continue to use form templates from your previous environment, export all administrator-deployed form templates (.xsn files) and data connection files (.udcx files) from your SharePoint Server 2010 environment, and then import them to your new SharePoint 2013 environment. For more information, see Configure InfoPath Forms Services (SharePoint Server 2010)
Office Web Apps
Office Online Server is a new stand-alone server product that delivers Office Online functionality on your private network. You install and managed it separately from SharePoint 2013. It cannot be installed on the same server or virtual machine instance as SharePoint 2013. For more information, see Bereitstellen von Office Online Server.
Configure farm settings
The next step in creating the new environment is to apply general farm settings. You must manually reapply configuration settings from your SharePoint 2010-Produkte farm, such as the following:
Incoming and outgoing e-mail settings
For more information, see Configure incoming email for a SharePoint Server farm and Configure outgoing email for a SharePoint Server farm.
All farm–level security and permission settings, such as adding user or group accounts to the Farm Administrators group
Blocked file types
For more information, see Types of files that cannot be added to a list or library.
And you must configure all new farm-level settings that you want to use, such as the following:
Usage and health data collection
For more information, see Konfigurieren der Sammlung von Integritäts- und Verwendungsdaten in SharePoint Server.
For more information, see Konfigurieren der Diagnoseprotokollierung in SharePoint Server.
Settings and schedules for timer jobs
If you had disabled the Workflow Auto Cleanup timer job in your SharePoint 2010-Produkte environment, make sure that you disable this timer job in your new environment also. If this timer job is enabled in the new environment and disabled in the SharePoint 2010-Produkte environment, you might lose workflow associations when you upgrade. For more information about this timer job, seeDisable preservation of workflow history (SharePoint Server 2010)Deaktivieren der Beibehaltung des Workflowverlaufs (SharePoint Server 2010).
In a standard installation, the next step would be to create web applications. However, for upgrade, you create web applications later in the process, after you upgrade the service application databases. For more information, see Create web applications.
This is the first phase in the process to upgrade SharePoint 2010-Produkte data and sites to SharePoint 2013.
For an overview of the whole process, see Overview of the upgrade process from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013.
Prüfliste für ein Upgrade mit Anfügen der Datenbanken (SharePoint 2013)
Upgrade von Farmen mit gemeinsamen Diensten (übergeordnete und untergeordnete Farmen) auf SharePoint 2013
Tests und Problembehandlung bei einem Upgrade auf SharePoint 2013