FileStream.Lock(Int64, Int64) FileStream.Lock(Int64, Int64) FileStream.Lock(Int64, Int64) FileStream.Lock(Int64, Int64) Method

Definition

Prevents other processes from reading from or writing to the FileStream.

public:
 virtual void Lock(long position, long length);
public virtual void Lock (long position, long length);
abstract member Lock : int64 * int64 -> unit
override this.Lock : int64 * int64 -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Lock (position As Long, length As Long)
Parameters
position
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

The beginning of the range to lock. The value of this parameter must be equal to or greater than zero (0).

length
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

The range to be locked.

Exceptions

The process cannot access the file because another process has locked a portion of the file.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to lock part of a file so another process cannot access that part of the file even though it has read/write access to the file. Run the program simultaneously in different command windows and investigate using the different console input options.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   UnicodeEncoding^ uniEncoding = gcnew UnicodeEncoding;
   String^ lastRecordText = "The last processed record number was: ";
   int textLength = uniEncoding->GetByteCount( lastRecordText );
   int recordNumber = 13;
   int byteCount = uniEncoding->GetByteCount( recordNumber.ToString() );
   String^ tempString;
   
   FileStream^ fileStream = gcnew FileStream( "Test#@@#.dat",FileMode::OpenOrCreate,FileAccess::ReadWrite,FileShare::ReadWrite );
   
   try
   {
      
      // Write the original file data.
      if ( fileStream->Length == 0 )
      {
         tempString = String::Concat( lastRecordText, recordNumber.ToString() );
         fileStream->Write( uniEncoding->GetBytes( tempString ), 0, uniEncoding->GetByteCount( tempString ) );
      }
      
      // Allow the user to choose the operation.
      Char consoleInput = 'R';
      array<Byte>^readText = gcnew array<Byte>(fileStream->Length);
      while ( consoleInput != 'X' )
      {
         Console::Write( "\nEnter 'R' to read, 'W' to write, 'L' to "
         "lock, 'U' to unlock, anything else to exit: " );
         if ( (tempString = Console::ReadLine())->Length == 0 )
         {
            break;
         }
         consoleInput = Char::ToUpper( tempString[0] );
         switch ( consoleInput )
         {
            case 'R':
               try
               {
                  fileStream->Seek( 0, SeekOrigin::Begin );
                  fileStream->Read( readText, 0, (int)fileStream->Length );
                  tempString = gcnew String( uniEncoding->GetChars( readText, 0, readText->Length ) );
                  Console::WriteLine( tempString );
                  recordNumber = Int32::Parse( tempString->Substring( tempString->IndexOf( ':' ) + 2 ) );
               }
               // Catch the IOException generated if the 
               // specified part of the file is locked.
               catch ( IOException^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "{0}: The read "
                  "operation could not be performed "
                  "because the specified part of the "
                  "file is locked.", e->GetType()->Name );
               }

               break;

            // Update the file.
            case 'W':
               try
               {
                  fileStream->Seek( textLength, SeekOrigin::Begin );
                  fileStream->Read( readText, textLength - 1, byteCount );
                  tempString = gcnew String( uniEncoding->GetChars( readText, textLength - 1, byteCount ) );
                  recordNumber = Int32::Parse( tempString ) + 1;
                  fileStream->Seek( textLength, SeekOrigin::Begin );
                  fileStream->Write( uniEncoding->GetBytes( recordNumber.ToString() ), 0, byteCount );
                  fileStream->Flush();
                  Console::WriteLine( "Record has been updated." );
               }
               // Catch the IOException generated if the 
               // specified part of the file is locked.
               catch ( IOException^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "{0}: The write operation could not "
                  "be performed because the specified "
                  "part of the file is locked.", e->GetType()->Name );
               }

               
               break;

            // Lock the specified part of the file.
            case 'L':
               try
               {
                  fileStream->Lock( textLength - 1, byteCount );
                  Console::WriteLine( "The specified part "
                  "of file has been locked." );
               }
               catch ( IOException^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "{0}: The specified part of file is"
                  " already locked.", e->GetType()->Name );
               }

               break;

            // Unlock the specified part of the file.
            case 'U':
               try
               {
                  fileStream->Unlock( textLength - 1, byteCount );
                  Console::WriteLine( "The specified part "
                  "of file has been unlocked." );
               }
               catch ( IOException^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "{0}: The specified part of file is "
                  "not locked by the current process.", e->GetType()->Name );
               }

               break;

            default:
               
               // Exit the program.
               consoleInput = 'X';
               break;
         }
      }
   }
   finally
   {
      fileStream->Close();
   }

}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class FStreamLock
{
    static void Main()
    {
        UnicodeEncoding uniEncoding = new UnicodeEncoding();
        string lastRecordText = 
            "The last processed record number was: ";
        int textLength = uniEncoding.GetByteCount(lastRecordText);
        int recordNumber = 13;
        int byteCount = 
            uniEncoding.GetByteCount(recordNumber.ToString());
        string tempString;

        using(FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(
            "Test#@@#.dat", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, 
            FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite))
        {
            // Write the original file data.
            if(fileStream.Length == 0)
            {
                tempString = 
                    lastRecordText + recordNumber.ToString();
                fileStream.Write(uniEncoding.GetBytes(tempString), 
                    0, uniEncoding.GetByteCount(tempString));
            }

            // Allow the user to choose the operation.
            char consoleInput = 'R';
            byte[] readText = new byte[fileStream.Length];
            while(consoleInput != 'X')
            {
                Console.Write(
                    "\nEnter 'R' to read, 'W' to write, 'L' to " + 
                    "lock, 'U' to unlock, anything else to exit: ");

                if((tempString = Console.ReadLine()).Length == 0)
                {
                    break;
                }
                consoleInput = char.ToUpper(tempString[0]);
                switch(consoleInput)
                {
                    // Read data from the file and 
                    // write it to the console.
                    case 'R':
                        try
                        {
                            fileStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
                            fileStream.Read(
                                readText, 0, (int)fileStream.Length);
                            tempString = new String(
                                uniEncoding.GetChars(
                                readText, 0, readText.Length));
                            Console.WriteLine(tempString);
                            recordNumber = int.Parse(
                                tempString.Substring(
                                tempString.IndexOf(':') + 2));
                        }

                        // Catch the IOException generated if the 
                        // specified part of the file is locked.
                        catch(IOException e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}: The read " +
                                "operation could not be performed " +
                                "because the specified part of the " +
                                "file is locked.", 
                                e.GetType().Name);
                        }
                        break;

                    // Update the file.
                    case 'W':
                        try
                        {
                            fileStream.Seek(textLength, 
                                SeekOrigin.Begin);
                            fileStream.Read(
                                readText, textLength - 1, byteCount);
                            tempString = new String(
                                uniEncoding.GetChars(
                                readText, textLength - 1, byteCount));
                            recordNumber = int.Parse(tempString) + 1;
                            fileStream.Seek(
                                textLength, SeekOrigin.Begin);
                            fileStream.Write(uniEncoding.GetBytes(
                                recordNumber.ToString()), 
                                0, byteCount);
                            fileStream.Flush();
                            Console.WriteLine(
                                "Record has been updated.");
                        }

                        // Catch the IOException generated if the 
                        // specified part of the file is locked.
                        catch(IOException e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine(
                                "{0}: The write operation could not " +
                                "be performed because the specified " +
                                "part of the file is locked.", 
                                e.GetType().Name);
                        }
                        break;

                    // Lock the specified part of the file.
                    case 'L':
                        try
                        {
                            fileStream.Lock(textLength - 1, byteCount);
                            Console.WriteLine("The specified part " +
                                "of file has been locked.");
                        }
                        catch(IOException e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine(
                                "{0}: The specified part of file is" +
                                " already locked.", e.GetType().Name);
                        }
                        break;

                    // Unlock the specified part of the file.
                    case 'U':
                        try
                        {
                            fileStream.Unlock(
                                textLength - 1, byteCount);
                            Console.WriteLine("The specified part " +
                                "of file has been unlocked.");
                        }
                        catch(IOException e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine(
                                "{0}: The specified part of file is " +
                                "not locked by the current process.", 
                                e.GetType().Name);
                        }
                        break;

                    // Exit the program.
                    default:
                        consoleInput = 'X';
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class FStreamLock

    Shared Sub Main()
    
        Dim uniEncoding As New UnicodeEncoding()
        Dim lastRecordText As String = _
            "The last processed record number was: "
        Dim textLength As Integer = _
            uniEncoding.GetByteCount(lastRecordText)
        Dim recordNumber As Integer = 13
        Dim byteCount As Integer = _
            uniEncoding.GetByteCount(recordNumber.ToString())
        Dim tempString As String 

        Dim aFileStream As New FileStream( _
            "Test#@@#.dat", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, _
            FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite)
        
        Try
            ' Write the original file data.
            If aFileStream.Length = 0 Then
                tempString = _
                    lastRecordText + recordNumber.ToString()
                aFileStream.Write(uniEncoding.GetBytes(tempString), _
                    0, uniEncoding.GetByteCount(tempString))
            End If

            ' Allow the user to choose the operation.
            Dim consoleInput As Char = "R"C
            Dim readText(CInt(aFileStream.Length)) As Byte
            While consoleInput <> "X"C

                Console.Write(vbcrLf & _
                    "Enter 'R' to read, 'W' to write, 'L' to " & _ 
                    "lock, 'U' to unlock, anything else to exit: ")

                tempString = Console.ReadLine()
                If tempString.Length = 0 Then
                    Exit While
                End If
                consoleInput = Char.ToUpper(tempString.Chars(0))
                Select consoleInput
                
                    ' Read data from the file and 
                    ' write it to the console.
                    Case "R"C
                        Try
                            aFileStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin)
                            aFileStream.Read( _
                                readText, 0, CInt(aFileStream.Length))
                            tempString = New String( _
                                uniEncoding.GetChars( _
                                readText, 0, readText.Length))
                            Console.WriteLine(tempString)
                            recordNumber = Integer.Parse( _
                                tempString.Substring( _
                                tempString.IndexOf(":"C) + 2))

                        ' Catch the IOException generated if the 
                        ' specified part of the file is locked.
                        Catch ex As IOException
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}: The read " & _
                                "operation could not be performed " & _
                                "because the specified part of the" & _
                                " file is locked.", _
                                ex.GetType().Name)
                        End Try
                        Exit Select

                    ' Update the file.
                    Case "W"C
                        Try
                            aFileStream.Seek(textLength, _
                                SeekOrigin.Begin)
                            aFileStream.Read( _
                                readText, textLength - 1, byteCount)
                            tempString = New String( _
                                uniEncoding.GetChars( _
                                readText, textLength - 1, byteCount))
                            recordNumber = _
                                Integer.Parse(tempString) + 1
                            aFileStream.Seek( _
                                textLength, SeekOrigin.Begin)
                            aFileStream.Write(uniEncoding.GetBytes( _
                                recordNumber.ToString()), 0, byteCount)
                            aFileStream.Flush()
                            Console.WriteLine( _
                                "Record has been updated.")

                        ' Catch the IOException generated if the 
                        ' specified part of the file is locked.
                        Catch ex As IOException
                            Console.WriteLine( _
                                "{0}: The write operation could " & _
                                "not be performed because the " & _
                                "specified part of the file is " & _
                                "locked.", ex.GetType().Name)
                        End Try
                        Exit Select

                    ' Lock the specified part of the file.
                    Case "L"C
                        Try
                            aFileStream.Lock(textLength - 1, byteCount)
                            Console.WriteLine("The specified part " & _
                                "of file has been locked.")
                        Catch ex As IOException
                            Console.WriteLine( _
                                "{0}: The specified part of file " & _
                                "is already locked.", _
                                ex.GetType().Name)
                        End Try
                        Exit Select

                    ' Unlock the specified part of the file.
                    Case "U"C
                        Try
                            aFileStream.Unlock( _
                                textLength - 1, byteCount)
                            Console.WriteLine("The specified part " & _
                                "of file has been unlocked.")
                        Catch ex As IOException
                            Console.WriteLine( _
                                "{0}: The specified part of file " & _
                                "is not locked by the current " & _
                                "process.", ex.GetType().Name)
                        End Try
                        Exit Select

                    ' Exit the program.
                    Case Else
                        consoleInput = "X"C
                        Exit While
                End Select
            End While

        Finally
            aFileStream.Close()    
        End Try

    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

Locking a range of a file stream gives the threads of the locking process exclusive access to that range of the file stream.

For a list of common file and directory operations, see Common I/O Tasks.

Applies to

See Also