String.IsNullOrEmpty(String) String.IsNullOrEmpty(String) String.IsNullOrEmpty(String) Method

Definition

Indicates whether the specified string is null or an Empty string.

public:
 static bool IsNullOrEmpty(System::String ^ value);
public static bool IsNullOrEmpty (string value);
Public Shared Function IsNullOrEmpty (value As String) As Boolean
Parameters
value
String String String

The string to test.

Returns

true if the value parameter is null or an empty string (""); otherwise, false.

Examples

The following example examines three strings and determines whether each string has a value, is an empty string, or is null.

using namespace System;
String^ Test( String^ s )
{
   if (String::IsNullOrEmpty(s))
      return "is null or empty";
   else
      return String::Format( "(\"{0}\") is neither null nor empty", s );
}

int main()
{
   String^ s1 = "abcd";
   String^ s2 = "";
   String^ s3 = nullptr;
   Console::WriteLine( "String s1 {0}.", Test( s1 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "String s2 {0}.", Test( s2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "String s3 {0}.", Test( s3 ) );
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       String s1 ("abcd") is neither null nor empty.
//       String s2 is null or empty.
//       String s3 is null or empty.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string s1 = "abcd";
    string s2 = "";
    string s3 = null;

    Console.WriteLine("String s1 {0}.", Test(s1));
    Console.WriteLine("String s2 {0}.", Test(s2));
    Console.WriteLine("String s3 {0}.", Test(s3));
    }

    public static String Test(string s)
    {
    if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(s)) 
        return "is null or empty";
    else
        return String.Format("(\"{0}\") is neither null nor empty", s);
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       String s1 ("abcd") is neither null nor empty.
//       String s2 is null or empty.
//       String s3 is null or empty.
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim s1 As String = "abcd"
      Dim s2 As String = ""
      Dim s3 As String = Nothing
      
      Console.WriteLine("String s1 {0}.", Test(s1))
      Console.WriteLine("String s2 {0}.", Test(s2))
      Console.WriteLine("String s3 {0}.", Test(s3))
   End Sub
   
   Public Shared Function Test(s As String) As String
      If String.IsNullOrEmpty(s) Then
         Return "is null or empty"
      Else
         Return String.Format("(""{0}"") is neither null nor empty", s)
      End If
   End Function 
End Class  
' The example displays the following output:
'       String s1 ("abcd") is neither null nor empty.
'       String s2 is null or empty.
'       String s3 is null or empty.

Remarks

IsNullOrEmpty is a convenience method that enables you to simultaneously test whether a String is null or its value is Empty. It is equivalent to the following code:

result = s == nullptr || s == String::Empty;
result = s == null || s == String.Empty;
result = s Is Nothing OrElse s = String.Empty

You can use the IsNullOrWhiteSpace method to test whether a string is null, its value is String.Empty, or it consists only of white-space characters.

What is a null string?

A string is null if it has not been assigned a value (in C++ and Visual Basic) or if has explicitly been assigned a value of null. Although the composite formatting feature can gracefully handle a null string, as the following example shows, attempting to call one if its members throws a NullReferenceException.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   String^ s;
  
   Console::WriteLine("The value of the string is '{0}'", s);

   try {
      Console::WriteLine("String length is {0}", s->Length);
   }
   catch (NullReferenceException^ e) {
      Console::WriteLine(e->Message);
   }   
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     The value of the string is ''
//     Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String s = null;
      
      Console.WriteLine("The value of the string is '{0}'", s);

      try {
         Console.WriteLine("String length is {0}", s.Length);
      }
      catch (NullReferenceException e) {
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     The value of the string is ''
//     Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim s As String

      Console.WriteLine("The value of the string is '{0}'", s)

      Try 
         Console.WriteLine("String length is {0}", s.Length)
      Catch e As NullReferenceException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     The value of the string is ''
'     Object reference not set to an instance of an object.

What is an empty string?

A string is empty if it is explicitly assigned an empty string ("") or String.Empty. An empty string has a Length of 0. The following example creates an empty string and displays its value and its length.

String^ s = "";
Console::WriteLine("The length of '{0}' is {1}.", s, s->Length);
// The example displays the following output:
//       The length of '' is 0.      
String s = "";
Console.WriteLine("The length of '{0}' is {1}.", s, s.Length);
// The example displays the following output:
//       The length of '' is 0.      
Dim s As String = ""
Console.WriteLine("The length of '{0}' is {1}.", s, s.Length)
' The example displays the following output:
'        The length of '' is 0.      

Applies to

See Also