RolePrincipal.IsInRole(String) Method

Definition

Gets a value indicating whether the user represented by the RolePrincipal is in the specified role.

public:
 override bool IsInRole(System::String ^ role);
public override bool IsInRole (string role);
override this.IsInRole : string -> bool
Public Overrides Function IsInRole (role As String) As Boolean

Parameters

role
String

The role to search for.

Returns

true if user represented by the RolePrincipal is in the specified role; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

The Identity property is null.

Examples

The following code example checks to see whether the logged-on user is in the Administrators role before allowing the user to view user roles.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;
MembershipUserCollection users;

public void Page_Load()
{
  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!User.IsInRole("Administrators"))
  {
    Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles.";
    UsersListBox.Visible = false;
    return;
  }

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
    UsersListBox.DataBind();
  }


  // If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem != null)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind();

    UserRolesGrid.Columns[0].HeaderText = "Roles for " + UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value;
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim rolesArray() As String
Dim users As MembershipUserCollection

Public Sub Page_Load()

  Msg.Text = ""

  If Not User.IsInRole("Administrators") Then
    Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles."
    UsersListBox.Visible = False
    Return
  End If

  If Not IsPostBack Then
    ' Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers()
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users
    UsersListBox.DataBind()
  End If


  ' If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  If Not UsersListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
    ' Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind()

    UserRolesGrid.Columns(0).HeaderText = "Roles for " & UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value
  End If

End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

IsInRole first checks the IsRoleListCached property to determine whether a cached list of role names for the current user is available. If the IsRoleListCached property is true, the cached list is checked for the specified role. If the IsInRole method finds the specified role in the cached list, it returns true.

If IsInRole does not find the specified role, it calls the GetRolesForUser method of the default Provider instance to determine whether the user name is associated with a role from the data source for the configured ApplicationName value.

Applies to

See also