TechNet Webcast Q & A: Advanced Windows PowerShell Scripting - December 15th, 2008


Question 1:

Can I download scripts for Exchange 2007 without installing Exchange on a server or Windows Vista?

Answer 1:

I assume you're asking if you can you get the Exchange PowerShell cmdlets onto your desktop.  The only way to do that is to install the Exchange management GUI, which will require PowerShell, and will install the cmdlets you're talking about.

Question 2:

Why would you use "findstr" versus "select-string" ?

Answer 2:

The Select-String cmdlet searches for text and text patterns in input strings and files. You can use it like Grep in Unix and Findstr in Windows.  So, select-string in PowerShell, Findstr in cmd.exe.



Question 3:

In the get-service | select-object servicesdependon demo. What's the best way to find an object's properties (servicesdependon in this example)? Especially for .NET or COM objects?

Answer 3:

You should be able to find what you want at the .NET Framework Class Library

 UPDATE:  Per the comment to the post get-member does the job of course.  I had assumed since we talked about get-member in the webcast the questioner was wanting a document location.



Question 4:

How do we access the power shell command prompt

Answer 4:

Download and install PowerShell, it will then be in the Start -> All programs -> Windows PowerShell 1.0 folder.

Question 5:

Is the batch command are compatible with PowerShell script?

Answer 5:


Question 6:

Any chance the test scripts can be made available for those playing along at home?

Answer 6:

Yes!!!    Listed below....


$processes = get-process
if ($processes[0].CPU -lt $processes[1].CPU) {
write-host "Process 0 is less than process 1" }
else { "Process 1 is less than or equal to process 0" }


$processes = get-process
foreach ($process in $processes) {
if ($process.ProcessName -eq "notepad") {
$value1 = $process.WS
$id = $ }
if ($process.ProcessName -eq "powershell") {
$value2 = $process.WS}
if ($value1 -lt $value2) { stop-process $id }


$services = get-service | where-object {$_.status -eq "Running" }
foreach ($service in $services) {
switch -wildcard ($service.DisplayName) {
"win*" {$winsvccount++}
"net*" {$netsvccount++}
"rem*" {$remsvccount++}
default {}
} #switch block
} #foreach block
"There are " + $winsvccount + " running services that begin with 'Win'"
"There are " + $netsvccount + " running services that begin with 'Net'"
"There are " + $remsvccount + " running services that begin with 'Rem'"


$events = get-eventlog "System" -newest 100
function CountEvents{
$count = 0
foreach ($event in $args[0]) {
if ($event.entrytype -like $args[1]) {$count++}
}#foreach block
return $count
}#function block
$errors = CountEvents $events "err*"
$warnings = CountEvents $events "warn*"
$info = CountEvents $events "info*"
"The System log contains " + $errors + " error messages."
"The System log contains " + $warnings + " warning .messages."
"The System log contains " + $info + " information messages."


function CountEvents{
$errors = 0
$warnings = 0
$info = 0
switch -wildcard ($_.entrytype) {
"err*" {$errors++}
"warn*" {$warnings++}
"info*" {$info++}
default {}
}#switch block
}#process block
"The System log contains " + $errors + " error messages."
"The System log contains " + $warnings + " warning messages."
"The System log contains " + $info + " information messages."
}#end block
}#function block
get-eventlog "System" -newest 100 | CountEvents


[void] [System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Drawing")
[void] [System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Windows.Forms")

$objForm = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Form
$objForm.Text = "Simple Form"
$objForm.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(300,200)
$objForm.StartPosition = "CenterScreen"

$objForm.KeyPreview = $True
$objForm.Add_KeyDown({if ($_.KeyCode -eq "Enter") {$objForm.Close()}})
$objForm.Add_KeyDown({if ($_.KeyCode -eq "Escape") {$objForm.Close()}})    

$OKButton = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Button
$OKButton.Location = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(110,120)
$OKButton.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(75,23)
$OKButton.Text = "OK"

[void] $objForm.ShowDialog()

$processlist = get-wmiobject –query “select * from win32_process”
foreach ($process in $processlist)
$listitem = “Process “+$” has a working set size of “+$process.workingsetsize
out-file –filepath “C:\processworkingset-ps.txt” –inputobject $listitem –append
write-host “Process Listing Complete”

Question 7:

I thought try-catch-finally isn't supported until PowerShell Version 2? 

Answer 7:

That's correct, I was talking about version 2 when I mentioned it. 

Question 8:

Is there a good resource to discover what class you need? (i.e. there are a LOT of WMI classes that relate to networking/NICs)?

Answer 8:

Check the links below

All Win32 Classes

Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration Class

Win32_NetworkAdapterSetting Class

Question 9:

When getting the latest 100 events, the output showed a total events of 4+3+92 = 99. Where is event 100?

Answer 9:

Hmm.... you're right...  not sure why.  I'll check into it.