Using Xperf to investigate slow I/O issues
Here’s another short video of the type of triage possible with Xperf, this time Bob shows us how to track down a slow I/O issue. Since I/O Manager is instrumented at IoCallDriver and IoCompleteRequest we can often use this information to diagnose a Slow I/O or SAN issue. The steps to enable the tracing are in the video description and here again below.
Video Description: (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0h-i_EfzadA)
Here's how you can use the Windows Performance Toolkit aka Xperf to investigate slow I/O issues on Windows 2008, Vista, and higher versions. Put the following into a batch file (modifying the -f to point the etl file generation elsewhere than the slow storage) and it will start a circular trace which can be stopped when the slow I/O occurs.
xperf -on PROC_THREAD+LOADER+CSWITCH+FILENAME+FILE_IO+FILE_IO_INIT+DRIVERS -f kernel.etl -stackwalk CSwitch+DiskReadInit+DiskWriteInit+DiskFlushInit+FileCreate+FileCleanup+FileClose+FileRead+FileWrite -BufferSize 1024 -MaxBuffers 1024 -MaxFile 1024 -FileMode Circular
echo Reproduce the problem now, hit any key to finish, collect Merged Etl file
echo merging etl...
xperf -d XperfSlowIOcir.etl
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