Event ID 8311, certificate validation errors in MSS 2010

Technorati Tags: Event ID 8311,certificate validation,local trust relationship,claims authentication,SharePoint 2010


In Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010 or Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010, you see the following error getting logged in the Application Event Log:


Log Name       :  Application

Source           :  Microsoft-SharePoint Products-SharePoint Foundation

Event ID         :  8311

Task Category :  Topology

Level              :  Error

Description      : 



An operation failed because the following certificate has validation errors:\n\n Subject Name: CN=SharePoint Security Token Service, OU=SharePoint, O=Microsoft, C=US \n Issuer Name: CN=SharePoint Root Authority, OU=SharePoint, O=Microsoft, C=US\nThumbprint: 7884622F8B800E7AFAAFD3DDF98BE8AC96D4F952\n\n

Errors:\n\n The root of the certificate chain is not a trusted root authority.

Additionally, other areas such as search, claims authentication also do not function correctly.


This problem occurs when an administrator deletes the "local" trust relationship of the farm from the "Security" section of the Central Administration web site (Central Administration > Security > Manage Trust)


It looks like the root certificate for STS is missing from the SharePoint certificate store. As a result, claims authentication in the environment may totally broken. You will need to export the certificate from the certificate store on the local computer and add it to the SharePoint certificate store. Use the certificate thumb print from the event log to locate the certificate that needs to be added.

In order to resolve this problem, the local trust relationship has to be created. This can be done using PowerShell commands or from the Central Admin site.



$rootCert = (Get-SPCertificateAuthority).RootCertificate

New-SPTrustedRootAuthority -Name "localNew" -Certificate $rootCert

After running the above commands, perform an IISReset on all servers in the farm.

Alternate Method (Central Administration site)

  1. Export the certificate from the Computer’s certificate store 
  1. Log on to the SharePoint server where you are seeing the certificate errors
  2. Open Start à Run, type in “mmc” and hit “Ok”
  3. From the file menu, choose “Add/Remove Snap-in”
  4. Double click “Certificates”
  1. Select “Computer account” and walk through the rest of the wizard. Make sure you select “Local Computer”
  1. Hit Finish and then “OK”
  1. Go to “Certificates” à SharePoint à Certificates
  1. Double click on each of the three certificates and look at their thumbprint (details tab). If the thumb print of the certificate matches the thumb print from the event log, this is the certificate you want to export
  2. Export the certificate (right click, All Tasks à Export). Leave all default options selected and save it to the desktop.


2. Add the certificate to the SharePoint certificate store


  1. Go to Central Admin à Security à Manage Trust.
  1. Click on “New”.
  1. Specify any appropriate name, and select the certificate you exported earlier.
  2. Click OK.

After running the above commands, perform an IISReset on all servers in the farm.