This tutorial will teach you the basics of building an ASP.NET MVC Web application using Microsoft Visual Web Developer 2010 Express Service Pack 1, which is a free version of Microsoft Visual Studio. Before you start, make sure you've installed the prerequisites listed below. You can install all of them by clicking the following link: Web Platform Installer. Alternatively, you can individually install the prerequisites using the following links:
- Visual Studio Web Developer Express SP1 prerequisites
- ASP.NET MVC 3 Tools Update
- SQL Server Compact 4.0(runtime + tools support)
If you're using Visual Studio 2010 instead of Visual Web Developer 2010, install the prerequisites by clicking the following link: Visual Studio 2010 prerequisites.
Adding a Model
In this section you'll add some classes for managing movies in a database. These classes will be the "model" part of the ASP.NET MVC application.
You'll use a .NET Framework data-access technology known as the Entity Framework to define and work with these model classes. The Entity Framework (often referred to as EF) supports a development paradigm called Code First. Code First allows you to create model objects by writing simple classes. (These are also known as POCO classes, from "plain-old CLR objects.") You can then have the database created on the fly from your classes, which enables a very clean and rapid development workflow.
Adding Model Classes
In Solution Explorer, right click the Models folder, select Add, and then select Class.
Name the class "Movie".
Add the following five properties to the
Public Class Movie Public Property ID() As Integer Public Property Title() As String Public Property ReleaseDate() As Date Public Property Genre() As String Public Property Price() As Decimal End Class
We'll use the
Movie class to represent movies in a database. Each instance of a
Movie object will correspond to a row within a database table, and each property of the
Movie class will map to a column in the table.
In the same file, add the following
Public Class MovieDBContext Inherits DbContext Public Property Movies() As DbSet(Of Movie) End Class
MovieDBContext class represents the Entity Framework movie database context, which handles fetching, storing, and updating
Movie class instances in a database. The
MovieDBContext derives from the
DbContext base class provided by the Entity Framework. For more information about
DbSet, see Productivity Improvements for the Entity Framework.
In order to be able to reference
DbSet, you need to add the following
imports statement at the top of the file:
The complete Movie.vb file is shown below.
Imports System.Data.Entity Public Class Movie Public Property ID() As Integer Public Property Title() As String Public Property ReleaseDate() As Date Public Property Genre() As String Public Property Price() As Decimal End Class Public Class MovieDBContext Inherits DbContext Public Property Movies() As DbSet(Of Movie) End Class
Creating a Connection String and Working with SQL Server Compact
MovieDBContext class you created handles the task of connecting to the database and mapping
Movie objects to database records. One question you might ask, though, is how to specify which database it will connect to. You'll do that by adding connection information in the Web.config file of the application.
Open the application root Web.config file. (Not the Web.config file in the Views folder.) The image below show both Web.config files; open the Web.config file circled in red.
Add the following connection string to the
<connectionStrings> element in the Web.config file.
<add name="MovieDBContext" connectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|Movies.sdf" providerName="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0"/>
The following example shows a portion of the Web.config file with the new connection string added:
<configuration> <connectionStrings> <add name="MovieDBContext" connectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|Movies.sdf" providerName="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0"/> <add name="ApplicationServices" connectionString="data source=.\SQLEXPRESS;Integrated Security=SSPI;AttachDBFilename=|DataDirectory|aspnetdb.mdf;User Instance=true" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" /> </connectionStrings>
This small amount of code and XML is everything you need to write in order to represent and store the movie data in a database.
Next, you'll build a new
MoviesController class that you can use to display the movie data and allow users to create new movie listings.