Offer highly available MySQL databases
As an Azure Stack Operator, you can configure server VMs to host MySQL Server databases. After a MySQL cluster is successfully created, and managed by Azure Stack, users who have subscribed to MySQL services can easily create highly available MySQL databases.
This article shows how to use Azure Stack marketplace items to create a MySQL with replication cluster. This solution uses multiple VMs to replicate the databases from the master node to a configurable number of replicas. Once created, the cluster can then be added as an Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server, and then users can create a highly available MySQL databases.
The MySQL with replication Azure Stack marketplace item might not be available for all Azure cloud subscription environments. Verify that the marketplace item is available in your subscription before attempting to follow the remainder of this tutoral.
What you will learn:
- Create a MySQL Server cluster from marketplace items
- Create an Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server
- Create a highly available MySQL database
A three VM MySQL Server cluster will be created and configured using available Azure Stack marketplace items.
Before starting, ensure that the MySQL Server resource provider has been successfully installed and that the following items are available in the Azure Stack marketplace:
All of the following are required to create the MySQL cluster.
- MySQL with Replication. This is the Bitnami solution template that will be used for the MySQL cluster deployment.
- Debian 8 "Jessie". Debian 8 "Jessie" with backports kernel for Microsoft Azure provided by credativ. Debian GNU/Linux is one of the most popular Linux distributions.
- Custom script for linux 2.0. Custom Script Extension is a tool to execute your VM customization tasks post VM provision. When this Extension is added to a Virtual Machine, it can download scripts from Azure storage and run them on the VM. Custom Script Extension tasks can also be automated using the Azure PowerShell cmdlets and Azure Cross-Platform Command-Line Interface (xPlat CLI).
- VM Access For Linux Extension 1.4.7. The VM Access extension enables you to reset the password, SSH key, or the SSH configurations, so you can regain access to your VM. You can also add a new user with password or SSH key, or delete a user using this extension. This extension targets Linux VMs.
To learn more about adding items to the Azure Stack marketplace, see the Azure Stack Marketplace overview.
You'll also need an SSH client like PuTTY to log into the Linux VMs after they are deployed.
Create a MySQL Server cluster
Use the steps in this section to deploy the MySQL Server cluster using the MySQL with Replication marketplace item. This template deploys three MySQL Server instances configured in a highly available MySQL cluster. By default, it creates the following resources:
- A virtual network
- A network security group
- A storage account
- An availability set
- Three network interfaces (one for each of the default VMs)
- A public IP address (for the primary MySQL cluster VM)
- Three Linux VMs to host the MySQL cluster
Sign in to the admin portal:
- For an integrated system deployment, the portal address varies based on your solution's region and external domain name. The address is in this format: https://adminportal.<region>.<FQDN>.
- For the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), the portal address is https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external.
Select + Create a resource > Compute, and then MySQL with Replication.
Provide basic deployment information on the Basics page. Review the default values and change as needed and click OK.
At a minimum, provide the following:
- Deployment name (default is mymysql)
- Application root password. Provide a 12 character alphanumeric password with no special characters
- Application database name (default is bitnami)
- Number of MySQL database replica VMs to create (default is 2)
- Select the subscription to use
- Select the resource group to use or create a new one
- Select the location (default is local for ASDK)
On the Environment Configuration page, provide the following information and then click OK:
- Password or SSH public key to use for secure shell (SSH) authentication. If using a password, it must contain letters, numbers and can contain special characters
- VM size (default is Standard D1 v2 VMs)
- Data disk size in GB Click OK
Review the deployment Summary. Optionally, you can download the customized template and parameters, and then click OK.
Click Create on the Buy page to start the deployment.
The deployment will take about an hour. Ensure that the deployment has finished and the MySQL cluster has been completely configured before continuing.
After all deployments have completed successfully, review the resource group items and select the mysqlip Public IP address item. Record the public IP address and full FQDN of the public IP for the cluster.
You will need to provide this to an Azure Stack Operator so they can create a MySQL hosting server leveraging this MySQL cluster.
Create a network security group rule
By default, no public access is configured for MySQL into the host VM. For the Azure Stack MySQL resource provider to connect and manage the MySQL cluster, an inbound network security group (NSG) rule needs to be created.
In the administrator portal, navigate to the resource group created when deploying the MySQL cluster and select the network security group (default-subnet-sg):
Select Inbound security rules and then click Add.
Enter 3306 in the Destination port range and optionally provide a description in the Name and Description fields. Click Add to close the inbound security rule dialog.
Configure external access to the MySQL cluster
Before the MySQL cluster can be added as an Azure Stack MySQL Server host, external access must be enabled.
Using an SSH client, this example uses PuTTY, log into the primary MySQL machine from a computer that can access the public IP. The primary MySQL VM name usually ends with 0 and has a public IP assigned to it.
Use the public IP and log into the VM with the username of bitnami and the application password you created earlier without special characters.
In the SSH client window, use the following command to ensure the bitnami service is active and running. Provide the bitnami password again when prompted:
sudo service bitnami status
Create a remote access user account to be used by the Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server to connect to MySQL and then exit the SSH client.
Run the following commands to log into MySQL as root, using the root password created earlier, and create a new admin user, replace <username> and <password> as required for your environment. In this example, the user to be created is named sqlsa and a strong password is used:
mysql -u root -p create user <username>@'%' identified by '<password>'; grant all privileges on *.* to <username>@'%' with grant option; flush privileges;
Record the new MySQL user information.
You will need to provide this username and password, along with the public IP address or full FQDN of the public IP for the cluster, to an Azure Stack Operator so they can create a MySQL hosting server using this MySQL cluster.
Create an Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server
After the MySQL Server cluster has been created, and properly configured, an Azure Stack Operator must create an Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server to make the additional capacity available for users to create databases.
Be sure to use the public IP or full FQDN for the public IP of the MySQL cluster primary VM recorded previously when the MySQL cluster's resource group was created (mysqlip). In addition, the operator will need to know the MySQL Server authentication credentials you created to remotely access the MySQL cluster database.
This step must be run from the Azure Stack administration portal by an Azure Stack Operator.
Using the MySQL cluster's Public IP and MySQL authentication login information, an Azure Stack Operator can now create a MySQL Hosting Server using the new MySQL cluster.
Also ensure that you have created plans and offers to make MySQL database creation available for users. An operator will need to add the Microsoft.MySqlAdapter service to a plan and create a new quota specifically for highly available databases. For more information about creating plans, see Service, plan, offer, subscription overview.
The Microsoft.MySqlAdapter service will not be available to add to plans until the MySQL Server resource provider has been deployed.
Create a highly available MySQL database
After the MySQL cluster has been created, configured, and added as an Azure Stack MySQL Hosting Server by an Azure Stack Operator, a tenant user with a subscription including MySQL Server database capabilities can create highly available MySQL databases by following the steps in this section.
Run these steps from the Azure Stack user portal as a tenant user with a subscription providing MySQL Server capabilities (Microsoft.MySQLAdapter service).
Sign in to the user portal: - For an integrated system deployment, the portal address will vary based on your solution's region and external domain name. It will be in the format of https://portal.<region>.<FQDN>. - If you're using the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), the portal address is https://portal.local.azurestack.external.
Select + Create a resource > Data + Storage, and then MySQL Database.
Provide the required database property information including name, collation, the subscription to use, and location to use for the deployment.
Select SKU and then choose the appropriate MySQL Hosting Server SKU to use. In this example, the Azure Stack Operator has created the MySQL-HA SKU to support high availability for MySQL cluster databases.
Select Login > Create a new login and then provide the MySQL authentication credentials to be used for the new database. When finished, click OK and then Create to begin the database deployment process.
When the MySQL database deployment completes successfully, review the database properties to discover the connection string to use for connecting to the new highly available database.