Make API requests to Azure Stack Hub

You can use the Azure Stack Hub REST APIs to automate operations such as adding a virtual machine (VM) to your Azure Stack Hub cloud.

The APIs require your client to authenticate to the Microsoft Azure sign-in endpoint. The endpoint returns a token to use in the header of every request sent to the Azure Stack Hub APIs. Microsoft Azure uses Oauth 2.0.

This article provides examples that use the cURL utility to create Azure Stack Hub requests. cURL is a command-line tool with a library for transferring data. These examples describe the process of retrieving a token to access the Azure Stack Hub APIs. Most programming languages provide Oauth 2.0 libraries, which have robust token management and handle tasks such as refreshing the token.

Review the entire process of using the Azure Stack Hub REST APIs with a generic REST client, such as cURL, to help you understand the underlying requests and what you can expect in a response payload.

This article does not explore all the options available for retrieving tokens, such as interactive sign-in or creating dedicated app IDs. For information about these topics, see the Azure REST API reference.

Get a token from Azure

Create a request body formatted using the content type x-www-form-urlencoded to obtain an access token. POST your request to the Azure REST authentication and login endpoint.

URI

POST https://login.microsoftonline.com/{tenant id}/oauth2/token

Tenant ID is either:

  • Your tenant domain, such as fabrikam.onmicrosoft.com
  • Your tenant ID, such as 8eaed023-2b34-4da1-9baa-8bc8c9d6a491
  • Default value for tenant-independent keys: common

Post Body

grant_type=password
&client_id=1950a258-227b-4e31-a9cf-717495945fc2
&resource=https://contoso.onmicrosoft.com/4de154de-f8a8-4017-af41-df619da68155
&username=admin@fabrikam.onmicrosoft.com
&password=Password123
&scope=openid

For each value:

  • grant_type:
    The type of authentication scheme you'll use. In this example, the value is password.

  • resource:
    The resource the token accesses. You can find the resource by querying the Azure Stack Hub management metadata endpoint. Look at the audiences section.

  • Azure Stack Hub management endpoint:

    https://management.{region}.{Azure Stack Hub domain}/metadata/endpoints?api-version=2015-01-01
    

    Note

    If you are an admin trying to access the tenant API, make sure to use the tenant endpoint; for example, https://adminmanagement.{region}.{Azure Stack Hub domain}/metadata/endpoints?api-version=2015-01-011.

    For example, with the Azure Stack Development Kit as an endpoint:

    curl 'https://management.local.azurestack.external/metadata/endpoints?api-version=2015-01-01'
    

    Response:

    {
    "galleryEndpoint":"https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external:30015/",
    "graphEndpoint":"https://graph.windows.net/",
    "portalEndpoint":"https://adminportal.local.azurestack.external/",
    "authentication":{
       "loginEndpoint":"https://login.windows.net/",
       "audiences":["https://contoso.onmicrosoft.com/4de154de-f8a8-4017-af41-df619da68155"]
       }
    }
    

Example

https://contoso.onmicrosoft.com/4de154de-f8a8-4017-af41-df619da68155
  • client_id

    This value is hardcoded to a default value:

    1950a258-227b-4e31-a9cf-717495945fc2
    

    Alternative options are available for specific scenarios:

    Application ApplicationID
    LegacyPowerShell 0a7bdc5c-7b57-40be-9939-d4c5fc7cd417
    PowerShell 1950a258-227b-4e31-a9cf-717495945fc2
    WindowsAzureActiveDirectory 00000002-0000-0000-c000-000000000000
    VisualStudio 872cd9fa-d31f-45e0-9eab-6e460a02d1f1
    AzureCLI 04b07795-8ddb-461a-bbee-02f9e1bf7b46
  • username

    For example, the Azure Stack Hub Azure AD account:

    azurestackadmin@fabrikam.onmicrosoft.com
    
  • password

    The Azure Stack Hub Azure AD admin password.

Example

Request:

curl -X "POST" "https://login.windows.net/fabrikam.onmicrosoft.com/oauth2/token" \
-H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" \
--data-urlencode "client_id=1950a258-227b-4e31-a9cf-717495945fc2" \
--data-urlencode "grant_type=password" \
--data-urlencode "username=admin@fabrikam.onmicrosoft.com" \
--data-urlencode 'password=Password12345' \
--data-urlencode "resource=https://contoso.onmicrosoft.com/4de154de-f8a8-4017-af41-df619da68155"

Response:

{
  "token_type": "Bearer",
  "scope": "user_impersonation",
  "expires_in": "3599",
  "ext_expires_in": "0",
  "expires_on": "1512574780",
  "not_before": "1512570880",
  "resource": "https://contoso.onmicrosoft.com/4de154de-f8a8-4017-af41-df619da68155",
  "access_token": "eyJ0eXAiOi...truncated for readability..."
}

API queries

Once you get the access token, add it as a header to each of your API requests. To add it as a header, create an authorization header with the value: Bearer <access token>. For example:

Request:

curl -H "Authorization: Bearer eyJ0eXAiOi...truncated for readability..." 'https://adminmanagement.local.azurestack.external/subscriptions?api-version=2016-05-01'

Response:

offerId : /delegatedProviders/default/offers/92F30E5D-F163-4C58-8F02-F31CFE66C21B
id : /subscriptions/800c4168-3eb1-406b-a4ca-919fe7ee42e8
subscriptionId : 800c4168-3eb1-406b-a4ca-919fe7ee42e8
tenantId : 9fea4606-7c07-4518-9f3f-8de9c52ab628
displayName : Default Provider Subscription
state : Enabled
subscriptionPolicies : @{locationPlacementId=AzureStack}

URL structure and query syntax

Generic request URI, consists of: {URI-scheme} :// {URI-host} / {resource-path} ? {query-string}

  • URI scheme:
    The URI indicates the protocol used to send the request. For example, http or https.
  • URI host:
    The host specifies the domain name or IP address of the server where the REST service endpoint is hosted, such as graph.microsoft.com or adminmanagement.local.azurestack.external.
  • Resource path:
    The path specifies the resource or resource collection, which may include multiple segments used by the service in determining the selection of those resources. For example: beta/applications/00003f25-7e1f-4278-9488-efc7bac53c4a/owners can be used to query the list a specific application's owners within the applications collection.
  • Query string:
    The string provides additional simple parameters, such as the API version or resource selection criteria.

Azure Stack Hub request URI construct

{URI-scheme} :// {URI-host} / {subscription id} / {resource group} / {provider} / {resource-path} ? {OPTIONAL: filter-expression} {MANDATORY: api-version}

URI syntax

https://adminmanagement.local.azurestack.external/{subscription id}/resourcegroups/{resource group}/providers/{provider}/{resource-path}?{api-version}

Query URI example

https://adminmanagement.local.azurestack.external/subscriptions/800c4168-3eb1-406b-a4ca-919fe7ee42e8/resourcegroups/system.local/providers/microsoft.infrastructureinsights.admin/regionhealths/local/Alerts?$filter=(Properties/State eq 'Active') and (Properties/Severity eq 'Critical')&$orderby=Properties/CreatedTimestamp desc&api-version=2016-05-01"

Next steps

For more information about using the Azure REST endpoints, see the Azure REST API Reference.