Azure AD Connect: ADConnectivityTools PowerShell Reference

The following documentation provides reference information for the ADConnectivityTools.psm1 PowerShell Module that is included with Azure AD Connect.

Confirm-DnsConnectivity

SYNOPSIS

Detects local Dns issues.

SYNTAX

Confirm-DnsConnectivity [-Forest] <String> [-DCs] <Array> [-ReturnResultAsPSObject] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Runs local Dns connectivity tests. In order to configure the Active Directory connector, user must have both name resolutionthe for the forest they is attempting to connect to as well as in the domain controllers associated to this forest.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-DnsConnectivity -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM" -DCs "MYDC1.CONTOSO.COM","MYDC2.CONTOSO.COM"

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-DnsConnectivity -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM"

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Specifies the name of the forest to test against.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DCs

Specify DCs to test against.

Type: Array
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 2
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ReturnResultAsPSObject

Returns the result of this diagnosis in the form of a PSObject. Not necessary during manual interaction with this tool.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-ForestExists

SYNOPSIS

Determines if a specified forest exists.

SYNTAX

Confirm-ForestExists [-Forest] <String> [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Queries a DNS server for the IP addresses associated with a forest.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-TargetsAreReachable -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM"

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Specifies the name of the forest to test against.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-FunctionalLevel

SYNOPSIS

Verifies AD forest functional level.

SYNTAX

SamAccount

Confirm-FunctionalLevel -Forest <String> [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

ForestFQDN

Confirm-FunctionalLevel -ForestFQDN <Forest> [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Verifies that the AD forest functional level is equal or more than a given MinAdForestVersion (WindowsServer2003). Account (Domain\Username) and Password may be requested.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-FunctionalLevel -Forest "test.contoso.com"

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-FunctionalLevel -Forest "test.contoso.com" -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

EXAMPLE 3

Confirm-FunctionalLevel -ForestFQDN $ForestFQDN -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Target forest. Default value is the Forest of the currently logged in user.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: SamAccount
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ForestFQDN

Target ForestFQDN Object.

Type: Forest
Parameter Sets: ForestFQDN
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

The function will use the credentials of the user that is currently logged in the computer, rather than requesting custom credentials from the user.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-NetworkConnectivity

SYNOPSIS

Detects local network connectivity issues.

SYNTAX

Confirm-NetworkConnectivity [-DCs] <Array> [-SkipDnsPort] [-ReturnResultAsPSObject] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Runs local network connectivity tests.

For the local networking tests, AAD Connect must be able to communicate with the named domain controllers on ports 53 (DNS), 88 (Kerberos) and 389 (LDAP) Most organizations run DNS on their DCs, which is why this test is currently integrated. Port 53 should be skipped if another DNS server has been specified.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-NetworkConnectivity -SkipDnsPort -DCs "MYDC1.CONTOSO.COM","MYDC2.CONTOSO.COM"

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-NetworkConnectivity -DCs "MYDC1.CONTOSO.COM","MYDC2.CONTOSO.COM" -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-DCs

Specify DCs to test against.

Type: Array
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SkipDnsPort

If the user is not using DNS services provided by the AD Site / Logon DC, then they may want to skip checking port 53. The user must still be able to resolve _.ldap._tcp.<forestfqdn> in order for the Active Directory Connector configuration to succeed.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ReturnResultAsPSObject

Returns the result of this diagnosis in the form of a PSObject. Not necessary during manual interaction with this tool.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-TargetsAreReachable

SYNOPSIS

Determines if a specified forest and its associated Domain Controllers are reachable.

SYNTAX

Confirm-TargetsAreReachable [-Forest] <String> [-DCs] <Array> [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Runs "ping" tests (whether a computer can reach a destination computer through the network and/or the internet)

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-TargetsAreReachable -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM" -DCs "MYDC1.CONTOSO.COM","MYDC2.CONTOSO.COM"

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-TargetsAreReachable -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM"

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Specifies the name of the forest to test against.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DCs

Specify DCs to test against.

Type: Array
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 2
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-ValidDomains

SYNOPSIS

Validate that the domains in the obtained Forest FQDN are reachable

SYNTAX

SamAccount

Confirm-ValidDomains [-Forest <String>] [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

ForestFQDN

Confirm-ValidDomains -ForestFQDN <Forest> [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Validate that all of the domains in the obtained Forest FQDN are reachable by attempting to retrieve DomainGuid and DomainDN. Account (Domain\Username) and Password may be requested.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-ValidDomains -Forest "test.contoso.com" -Verbose

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-ValidDomains -Forest "test.contoso.com" -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

EXAMPLE 3

Confirm-ValidDomains -ForestFQDN $ForestFQDN -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Target forest.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: SamAccount
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ForestFQDN

Target ForestFQDN Object.

Type: Forest
Parameter Sets: ForestFQDN
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

The function will use the credentials of the user that is currently logged in the computer, rather than requesting custom credentials from the user.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Confirm-ValidEnterpriseAdminCredentials

SYNOPSIS

Verifies if a user has Enterprise Admin credentials.

SYNTAX

Confirm-ValidEnterpriseAdminCredentials [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Searches if provided user has Enterprise Admin credentials. Account (Domain\Username) and Password may be requested.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Confirm-ValidEnterpriseAdminCredentials -DomainName test.contoso.com -Verbose

EXAMPLE 2

Confirm-ValidEnterpriseAdminCredentials -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

The function will use the credentials of the user that is currently logged in the computer, rather than requesting custom credentials from the user.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Get-DomainFQDNData

SYNOPSIS

Retrieves a DomainFQDN out of an account and password combination.

SYNTAX

Get-DomainFQDNData [[-DomainFQDNDataType] <String>] [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials]
 [-ReturnExceptionOnError] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Attempts to obtain a domainFQDN object out of provided credentials. If the domainFQDN is valid, a DomainFQDNName or RootDomainName will be returned, depending on the user's choice. Account (Domain\Username) and Password may be requested.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Get-DomainFQDNData -DomainFQDNDataType DomainFQDNName -Verbose

EXAMPLE 2

Get-DomainFQDNData -DomainFQDNDataType RootDomainName -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

PARAMETERS

-DomainFQDNDataType

Desired kind of data that will be retrieved. Currently limited to "DomainFQDNName" or "RootDomainName".

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

The function will use the credentials of the user that is currently logged in the computer, rather than requesting custom credentials from the user.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ReturnExceptionOnError

Auxiliary parameter used by Start-NetworkConnectivityDiagnosisTools function

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Get-ForestFQDN

SYNOPSIS

Retrieves a ForestFQDN out of an account and password combination.

SYNTAX

Get-ForestFQDN [-Forest] <String> [-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Attempts to obtain a ForestFQDN out of the provided credentials. Account (Domain\Username) and Password may be requested.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Get-ForestFQDN -Forest CONTOSO.MICROSOFT.COM -Verbose

EXAMPLE 2

Get-ForestFQDN -Forest CONTOSO.MICROSOFT.COM -RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Target forest.Default value is the Domain of the currently logged in user.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RunWithCurrentlyLoggedInUserCredentials

The function will use the credentials of the user that is currently logged in the computer, rather than requesting custom credentials from the user.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Start-ConnectivityValidation

SYNOPSIS

Main function.

SYNTAX

Start-ConnectivityValidation [-Forest] <String> [-AutoCreateConnectorAccount] <Boolean> [[-UserName] <String>]
 [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Runs all the available mechanisms that verify AD credentials are valid.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Start-ConnectivityValidation -Forest "test.contoso.com" -AutoCreateConnectorAccount $True -Verbose

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Target forest.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-AutoCreateConnectorAccount

For Custom-installations: Flag that is $True if the user chose "Create new AD account" on the AD Forest Account window of AADConnect's wizard. $False if the user chose "Use existing AD account". For Express-installations: The value of this variable must be $True for Express-installations.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 2
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-UserName

Parameter that pre-populates the Username field when user's credentials are requested.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: 3
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

Start-NetworkConnectivityDiagnosisTools

SYNOPSIS

Main function for network connectivity tests.

SYNTAX

Start-NetworkConnectivityDiagnosisTools [[-Forest] <String>] [-Credentials] <PSCredential>
 [[-LogFileLocation] <String>] [[-DCs] <Array>] [-DisplayInformativeMessage] [-ReturnResultAsPSObject]
 [-ValidCredentials] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

Runs local network connectivity tests.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

Start-NetworkConnectivityDiagnosisTools -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM"

EXAMPLE 2

Start-NetworkConnectivityDiagnosisTools -Forest "TEST.CONTOSO.COM" -DCs "DC1.TEST.CONTOSO.COM", "DC2.TEST.CONTOSO.COM"

PARAMETERS

-Forest

Specifies forest name to test against.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Credentials

The user name and password of the user that is running the test. It requires the same level of permissions that is required to run the Azure AD Connect Wizard.

Type: PSCredential
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: True
Position: 2
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-LogFileLocation

Specifies a the location of a log file that will contain the output of this function.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: 3
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DCs

Specify DCs to test against.

Type: Array
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: 4
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DisplayInformativeMessage

Flag that allows displaying a message about the purpose of this function.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ReturnResultAsPSObject

Returns the result of this diagnosis in the form of a PSObject. Not necessary to specify during manual interaction with this tool.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ValidCredentials

Indicates if the credentials the user typed are valid. Not necessary to specify during manual interaction with this tool.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).