Resolve errors for invalid template

This article describes how to resolve invalid template errors.


When deploying a template, you receive an error indicating:


The error message depends on the type of error.


This error can result from several different types of errors. They usually involve a syntax or structural error in the template.

Solution 1 - syntax error

If you receive an error message that indicates the template failed validation, you may have a syntax problem in your template.

Message=Deployment template validation failed

This error is easy to make because template expressions can be intricate. For example, the following name assignment for a storage account has one set of brackets, three functions, three sets of parentheses, one set of single quotes, and one property:

"name": "[concat('storage', uniqueString(resourceGroup().id))]",

If you don't provide the matching syntax, the template produces a value that is different than your intention.

When you receive this type of error, carefully review the expression syntax. Consider using a JSON editor like Visual Studio or Visual Studio Code, which can warn you about syntax errors.

Solution 2 - incorrect segment lengths

Another invalid template error occurs when the resource name isn't in the correct format.

Message=Deployment template validation failed: 'The template resource {resource-name}'
for type {resource-type} has incorrect segment lengths.

A root level resource must have one less segment in the name than in the resource type. Each segment is differentiated by a slash. In the following example, the type has two segments and the name has one segment, so it's a valid name.

  "type": "Microsoft.Web/serverfarms",
  "name": "myHostingPlanName",

But the next example is not a valid name because it has the same number of segments as the type.

  "type": "Microsoft.Web/serverfarms",
  "name": "appPlan/myHostingPlanName",

For child resources, the type and name have the same number of segments. This number of segments makes sense because the full name and type for the child includes the parent name and type. Therefore, the full name still has one less segment than the full type.

"resources": [
    "type": "Microsoft.KeyVault/vaults",
    "name": "contosokeyvault",
    "resources": [
        "type": "secrets",
        "name": "appPassword",

Getting the segments right can be tricky with Resource Manager types that are applied across resource providers. For example, applying a resource lock to a web site requires a type with four segments. Therefore, the name is three segments:

  "type": "Microsoft.Web/sites/providers/locks",
  "name": "[concat(variables('siteName'),'/Microsoft.Authorization/MySiteLock')]",

Solution 3 - parameter is not valid

If you provide a parameter value that isn't one of the allowed values, you receive a message similar to the following error:

Message=Deployment template validation failed: 'The provided value {parameter value}
for the template parameter {parameter name} is not valid. The parameter value is not
part of the allowed values

Double check the allowed values in the template, and provide one during deployment. For more information about allowed parameter values, see Parameters section of Azure Resource Manager templates.

Solution 4 - Too many target resource groups

You may see this error in earlier deployments because you were limited to five target resource groups in a single deployment. In May 2020, that limit was increased to 800 resource groups. For more information, see Deploy Azure resources to more than one subscription or resource group.

Solution 5 - circular dependency detected

You receive this error when resources depend on each other in a way that prevents the deployment from starting. A combination of interdependencies makes two or more resource wait for other resources that are also waiting. For example, resource1 depends on resource3, resource2 depends on resource1, and resource3 depends on resource2. You can usually solve this problem by removing unnecessary dependencies.

To solve a circular dependency:

  1. In your template, find the resource identified in the circular dependency.
  2. For that resource, examine the dependsOn property and any uses of the reference function to see which resources it depends on.
  3. Examine those resources to see which resources they depend on. Follow the dependencies until you notice a resource that depends on the original resource.
  4. For the resources involved in the circular dependency, carefully examine all uses of the dependsOn property to identify any dependencies that aren't needed. Remove those dependencies. If you're unsure that a dependency is needed, try removing it.
  5. Redeploy the template.

Removing values from the dependsOn property can cause errors when you deploy the template. If you get an error, add the dependency back into the template.

If that approach doesn't solve the circular dependency, consider moving part of your deployment logic into child resources (such as extensions or configuration settings). Configure those child resources to deploy after the resources involved in the circular dependency. For example, suppose you're deploying two virtual machines but you must set properties on each one that refer to the other. You can deploy them in the following order:

  1. vm1
  2. vm2
  3. Extension on vm1 depends on vm1 and vm2. The extension sets values on vm1 that it gets from vm2.
  4. Extension on vm2 depends on vm1 and vm2. The extension sets values on vm2 that it gets from vm1.

The same approach works for App Service apps. Consider moving configuration values into a child resource of the app resource. You can deploy two web apps in the following order:

  1. webapp1
  2. webapp2
  3. config for webapp1 depends on webapp1 and webapp2. It contains app settings with values from webapp2.
  4. config for webapp2 depends on webapp1 and webapp2. It contains app settings with values from webapp1.