Test cases for ARM templates

This article describes tests that are run with the template test toolkit for Azure Resource Manager templates (ARM templates). It provides examples that pass or fail the test and includes the name of each test. For more information about how to run tests or how to run a specific test, see Test parameters.

Use correct schema

Test name: DeploymentTemplate Schema Is Correct

In your template, you must specify a valid schema value.

The following example fails because the schema is invalid.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-01-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
}

The following example displays a warning because schema version 2015-01-01 is deprecated and isn't maintained.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2015-01-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
}

The following example passes using a valid schema.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
}

The template's schema property must be set to one of the following schemas:

  • https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2015-01-01/deploymentTemplate.json#
  • https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#
  • https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2018-05-01/subscriptionDeploymentTemplate.json#
  • https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-08-01/tenantDeploymentTemplate.json#
  • https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-08-01/managementGroupDeploymentTemplate.json

Declared parameters must be used

Test name: Parameters Must Be Referenced

This test finds parameters that aren't used in the template or parameters that aren't used in a valid expression.

To reduce confusion in your template, delete any parameters that are defined but not used. Eliminating unused parameters simplifies template deployments because you don't have to provide unnecessary values.

The following example fails because the expression that references a parameter is missing the leading square bracket ([).

"resources": [
  {
    "location": " parameters('location')]"
  }
]

The following example passes because the expression is valid.

"resources": [
  {
    "location": "[parameters('location')]"
  }
]

Secure parameters can't have hard-coded default

Test name: Secure String Parameters Cannot Have Default

Don't provide a hard-coded default value for a secure parameter in your template. A secure parameter can have an empty string as a default value or use the newGuid function in an expression.

You use the types secureString or secureObject on parameters that contain sensitive values, like passwords. When a parameter uses a secure type, the value of the parameter isn't logged or stored in the deployment history. This action prevents a malicious user from discovering the sensitive value.

When you provide a default value, that value is discoverable by anyone who can access the template or the deployment history.

The following example fails.

"parameters": {
  "adminPassword": {
    "defaultValue": "HardcodedPassword",
    "type": "secureString"
  }
}

The next example passes.

"parameters": {
  "adminPassword": {
    "type": "secureString"
  }
}

The following example passes because the newGuid function is used.

"parameters": {
  "secureParameter": {
    "type": "secureString",
    "defaultValue": "[newGuid()]"
  }
}

Environment URLs can't be hard-coded

Test name: DeploymentTemplate Must Not Contain Hardcoded Uri

Don't hard-code environment URLs in your template. Instead, use the environment function to dynamically get these URLs during deployment. For a list of the URL hosts that are blocked, see the test case.

The following example fails because the URL is hard-coded.

"variables":{
  "AzureURL":"https://management.azure.com"
}

The test also fails when used with concat or uri.

"variables":{
  "AzureSchemaURL1": "[concat('https://','gallery.azure.com')]",
  "AzureSchemaURL2": "[uri('gallery.azure.com','test')]"
}

The following example passes.

"variables": {
  "AzureSchemaURL": "[environment().gallery]"
}

Location uses parameter

Test name: Location Should Not Be Hardcoded

To set a resource's location, your templates should have a parameter named location with the type set to string. In the main template, azuredeploy.json or mainTemplate.json, this parameter can default to the resource group location. In linked or nested templates, the location parameter shouldn't have a default location.

Template users may have limited access to regions where they can create resources. A hard-coded resource location might block users from creating a resource. The "[resourceGroup().location]" expression could block users if the resource group was created in a region the user can't access. Users who are blocked are unable to use the template.

By providing a location parameter that defaults to the resource group location, users can use the default value when convenient but also specify a different location.

The following example fails because the resource's location is set to resourceGroup().location.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {},
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ]
}

The next example uses a location parameter but fails because the parameter defaults to a hard-coded location.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "westus"
    }
  },
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {}
}

The following example passes when the template is used as the main template. Create a parameter that defaults to the resource group location but allows users to provide a different value.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Location for the resources."
      }
    }
  },
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {}
}

Note

If the preceding example is used as a linked template, the test fails. When used as a linked template, remove the default value.

Resources should have location

Test name: Resources Should Have Location

The location for a resource should be set to a template expression or global. The template expression would typically use the location parameter described in Location uses parameter.

The following example fails because the location isn't an expression or global.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {},
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "westus",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {}
}

The following example passes because the resource location is set to global.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {},
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "global",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {}
}

The next example also passes because the location parameter uses an expression. The resource location uses the expression's value.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Location for the resources."
      }
    }
  },
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
      "name": "storageaccount1",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "sku": {
        "name": "Premium_LRS",
        "tier": "Premium"
      }
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {}
}

VM size uses parameter

Test name: VM Size Should Be A Parameter

Don't hard-code the hardwareProfile object's vmSize. The test fails when the hardwareProfile is omitted or contains a hard-coded value. Provide a parameter so users of your template can modify the size of the deployed virtual machine. For more information, see Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines.

The following example fails because the hardwareProfile object's vmSize is a hard-coded value.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines",
    "apiVersion": "2020-12-01",
    "name": "demoVM",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]",
    "properties": {
      "hardwareProfile": {
        "vmSize": "Standard_D2_v3"
      }
    }
  }
]

The example passes when a parameter specifies a value for vmSize:

"parameters": {
  "vmSizeParameter": {
    "type": "string",
    "defaultValue": "Standard_D2_v3",
    "metadata": {
      "description": "Size for the virtual machine."
    }
  }
}

Then, hardwareProfile uses an expression for vmSize to reference the parameter's value:

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines",
    "apiVersion": "2020-12-01",
    "name": "demoVM",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]",
    "properties": {
      "hardwareProfile": {
        "vmSize": "[parameters('vmSizeParameter')]"
      }
    }
  }
]

Min and max values are numbers

Test name: Min And Max Value Are Numbers

When you define a parameter with minValue and maxValue, specify them as numbers. You must use minValue and maxValue as a pair or the test fails.

The following example fails because minValue and maxValue are strings.

"exampleParameter": {
  "type": "int",
  "minValue": "0",
  "maxValue": "10"
}

The following example fails because only minValue is used.

"exampleParameter": {
  "type": "int",
  "minValue": 0
}

The following example passes because minValue and maxValue are numbers.

"exampleParameter": {
  "type": "int",
  "minValue": 0,
  "maxValue": 10
}

Artifacts parameter defined correctly

Test name: artifacts parameter

When you include parameters for _artifactsLocation and _artifactsLocationSasToken, use the correct defaults and types. The following conditions must be met to pass this test:

  • If you provide one parameter, you must provide the other.
  • _artifactsLocation must be a string.
  • _artifactsLocation must have a default value in the main template.
  • _artifactsLocation can't have a default value in a nested template.
  • _artifactsLocation must have either "[deployment().properties.templateLink.uri]" or the raw repo URL for its default value.
  • _artifactsLocationSasToken must be a secureString.
  • _artifactsLocationSasToken can only have an empty string for its default value.
  • _artifactsLocationSasToken can't have a default value in a nested template.

Declared variables must be used

Test name: Variables Must Be Referenced

This test finds variables that aren't used in the template or aren't used in a valid expression. To reduce confusion in your template, delete any variables that are defined but not used.

Variables that use the copy element to iterate values must be referenced. For more information, see Variable iteration in ARM templates.

The following example fails because the variable that uses the copy element isn't referenced.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "itemCount": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 5
    }
  },
  "variables": {
    "copy": [
      {
        "name": "stringArray",
        "count": "[parameters('itemCount')]",
        "input": "[concat('item', copyIndex('stringArray', 1))]"
      }
    ]
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {}
}

The following example fails because the expression that references a variable is missing the leading square bracket ([).

"outputs": {
  "outputVariable": {
    "type": "string",
    "value": " variables('varExample')]"
  }
}

The following example passes because the variable is referenced in outputs.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "itemCount": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 5
    }
  },
  "variables": {
    "copy": [
      {
        "name": "stringArray",
        "count": "[parameters('itemCount')]",
        "input": "[concat('item', copyIndex('stringArray', 1))]"
      }
    ]
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "arrayResult": {
      "type": "array",
      "value": "[variables('stringArray')]"
    }
  }
}

The following example passes because the expression is valid.

"outputs": {
  "outputVariable": {
    "type": "string",
    "value": "[variables('varExample')]"
  }
}

Dynamic variable should not use concat

Test name: Dynamic Variable References Should Not Use Concat

Sometimes you need to dynamically construct a variable based on the value of another variable or parameter. Don't use the concat function when setting the value. Instead, use an object that includes the available options and dynamically get one of the properties from the object during deployment.

The following example passes. The currentImage variable is dynamically set during deployment.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "osType": {
      "type": "string",
      "allowedValues": [
        "Windows",
        "Linux"
      ]
    }
  },
  "variables": {
    "imageOS": {
      "Windows": {
        "image": "Windows Image"
      },
      "Linux": {
        "image": "Linux Image"
      }
    },
    "currentImage": "[variables('imageOS')[parameters('osType')].image]"
  },
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "result": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[variables('currentImage')]"
    }
  }
}

Use recent API version

Test name: apiVersions Should Be Recent

The API version for each resource should use a recent version that's hard-coded as a string. The test evaluates the API version in your template against the resource provider's versions in the toolkit's cache. An API version that's less than two years old from the date the test was run is considered recent. Don't use a preview version when a more recent version is available.

A warning that an API version wasn't found only indicates the version isn't included in the toolkit's cache. Using the latest version of an API, which is recommended, can generate the warning.

Learn more about the toolkit cache.

The following example fails because the API version is more than two years old.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
    "apiVersion": "2019-06-01",
    "name": "storageaccount1",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]"
  }
]

The following example fails because a preview version is used when a newer version is available.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
    "apiVersion": "2020-08-01-preview",
    "name": "storageaccount1",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]"
  }
]

The following example passes because it's a recent version that's not a preview version.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
    "apiVersion": "2021-02-01",
    "name": "storageaccount1",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]"
  }
]

Use hard-coded API version

Test name: Providers apiVersions Is Not Permitted

The API version for a resource type determines which properties are available. Provide a hard-coded API version in your template. Don't retrieve an API version that's determined during deployment because you won't know which properties are available.

The following example fails.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines",
    "apiVersion": "[providers('Microsoft.Compute', 'virtualMachines').apiVersions[0]]",
    ...
  }
]

The following example passes.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines",
    "apiVersion": "2020-12-01",
    ...
  }
]

Properties can't be empty

Test name: Template Should Not Contain Blanks

Don't hard-code properties to an empty value. Empty values include null and empty strings, objects, or arrays. If a property is set to an empty value, remove that property from your template. You can set a property to an empty value during deployment, such as through a parameter.

The template property in a nested template can include empty properties. For more information about nested templates, see Microsoft.Resources deployments.

The following example fails because there are empty properties.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
    "apiVersion": "2021-01-01",
    "name": "storageaccount1",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]",
    "sku": {},
    "kind": ""
  }
]

The following example passes because the properties include values.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
    "apiVersion": "2021-01-01",
    "name": "storageaccount1",
    "location": "[parameters('location')]",
    "sku": {
      "name": "Standard_LRS",
      "tier": "Standard"
    },
    "kind": "Storage"
  }
]

Use Resource ID functions

Test name: IDs Should Be Derived From ResourceIDs

When specifying a resource ID, use one of the resource ID functions. The allowed functions are:

Don't use the concat function to create a resource ID. The following example fails.

"networkSecurityGroup": {
    "id": "[concat('/subscriptions/', subscription().subscriptionId, '/resourceGroups/', resourceGroup().name, '/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/', variables('networkSecurityGroupName'))]"
}

The next example passes.

"networkSecurityGroup": {
    "id": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups', variables('networkSecurityGroupName'))]"
}

ResourceId function has correct parameters

Test name: ResourceIds should not contain

When generating resource IDs, don't use unnecessary functions for optional parameters. By default, the resourceId function uses the current subscription and resource group. You don't need to provide those values.

The following example fails because you don't need to provide the current subscription ID and resource group name.

"networkSecurityGroup": {
    "id": "[resourceId(subscription().subscriptionId, resourceGroup().name, 'Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups', variables('networkSecurityGroupName'))]"
}

The next example passes.

"networkSecurityGroup": {
    "id": "[resourceId('Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups', variables('networkSecurityGroupName'))]"
}

This test applies to:

For reference and list*, the test fails when you use concat to construct the resource ID.

dependsOn best practices

Test name: DependsOn Best Practices

When setting the deployment dependencies, don't use the if function to test a condition. If one resource depends on a resource that's conditionally deployed, set the dependency as you would with any resource. When a conditional resource isn't deployed, Azure Resource Manager automatically removes it from the required dependencies.

The dependsOn element can't begin with a concat function.

The following example fails because it contains an if function.

"dependsOn": [
  "[if(equals(parameters('newOrExisting'),'new'), variables('storageAccountName'), '')]"
]

The following example fails because it begins with concat.

"dependsOn": [
  "[concat(variables('storageAccountName'))]"
]

The following example passes.

"dependsOn": [
  "[variables('storageAccountName')]"
]

Nested or linked deployments can't use debug

Test name: Deployment Resources Must Not Be Debug

When you define a nested or linked template with the Microsoft.Resources/deployments resource type, you can enable debugging. Debugging is used when you need to test a template but can expose sensitive information. Before the template is used in production, turn off debugging. You can remove the debugSetting object or change the detailLevel property to none.

The following example fails.

"debugSetting": {
  "detailLevel": "requestContent"
}

The following example passes.

"debugSetting": {
  "detailLevel": "none"
}

Admin user names can't be literal value

Test name: adminUsername Should Not Be A Literal

When setting an adminUserName, don't use a literal value. Create a parameter for the user name and use an expression to reference the parameter's value.

The following example fails with a literal value.

"osProfile":  {
  "adminUserName": "myAdmin"
}

The following example passes with an expression.

"osProfile": {
  "adminUsername": "[parameters('adminUsername')]"
}

Use latest VM image

Test name: VM Images Should Use Latest Version

This test is disabled, but the output shows that it passed. The best practice is to check your template for the following criteria:

If your template includes a virtual machine with an image, make sure it's using the latest version of the image.

Use stable VM images

Test name: Virtual Machines Should Not Be Preview

Virtual machines shouldn't use preview images. The test checks the storageProfile to verify that the imageReference doesn't use a string that contains preview. And that preview isn't used in the imageReference properties offer, sku, or version.

For more information about the imageReference property, see Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines and Microsoft.Compute virtualMachineScaleSets.

The following example fails because imageReference is a string that contains preview.

"properties": {
  "storageProfile": {
    "imageReference": "latest-preview"
  }
}

The following example fails when preview is used in offer, sku, or version.

"properties": {
  "storageProfile": {
    "imageReference": {
      "publisher": "Canonical",
      "offer": "UbuntuServer_preview",
      "sku": "16.04-LTS-preview",
      "version": "preview"
    }
  }
}

The following example passes.

"storageProfile": {
  "imageReference": {
    "publisher": "Canonical",
    "offer": "UbuntuServer",
    "sku": "16.04-LTS",
    "version": "latest"
  }
}

Don't use ManagedIdentity extension

Test name: ManagedIdentityExtension must not be used

Don't apply the ManagedIdentity extension to a virtual machine. The extension was deprecated in 2019 and should no longer be used.

Outputs can't include secrets

Test name: Outputs Must Not Contain Secrets

Don't include any values in the outputs section that potentially exposes secrets. For example, secure parameters of type secureString or secureObject, or list* functions such as listKeys.

The output from a template is stored in the deployment history, so a malicious user could find that information.

The following example fails because it includes a secure parameter in an output value.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "secureParam": {
      "type": "secureString"
    }
  },
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "badResult": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[concat('this is the value ', parameters('secureParam'))]"
    }
  }
}

The following example fails because it uses a list* function in the outputs.

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "storageName": {
      "type": "string"
    }
  },
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {},
  "resources": [],
  "outputs": {
    "badResult": {
      "type": "object",
      "value": "[listKeys(resourceId('Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageName')), '2021-02-01')]"
    }
  }
}

Use protectedSettings for commandToExecute secrets

Test name: CommandToExecute Must Use ProtectedSettings For Secrets

For resources with type CustomScript, use the encrypted protectedSettings when commandToExecute includes secret data such as a password. For example, secret data can be used in secure parameters of type secureString or secureObject, list* functions such as listKeys, or custom scripts.

Don't use secret data in the settings object because it uses clear text. For more information, see Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines/extensions, Windows, or Linux.

The following example fails because settings uses commandToExecute with a secure parameter.

"parameters": {
  "adminPassword": {
    "type": "secureString"
  }
}
...
"properties": {
  "type": "CustomScript",
  "settings": {
    "commandToExecute": "[parameters('adminPassword')]"
  }
}

The following example fails because settings uses commandToExecute with a listKeys function.

"properties": {
  "type": "CustomScript",
  "settings": {
    "commandToExecute": "[listKeys(resourceId('Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageName')), '2021-02-01')]"
  }
}

The following example passes because protectedSettings uses commandToExecute with a secure parameter.

"parameters": {
  "adminPassword": {
    "type": "secureString"
  }
}
...
"properties": {
  "type": "CustomScript",
  "protectedSettings": {
    "commandToExecute": "[parameters('adminPassword')]"
  }
}

The following example passes because protectedSettings uses commandToExecute with a listKeys function.

"properties": {
  "type": "CustomScript",
  "protectedSettings": {
    "commandToExecute": "[listKeys(resourceId('Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageName')), '2021-02-01')]"
  }
}

Use recent API versions in reference functions

Test name: apiVersions Should Be Recent In Reference Functions

The API version used in a reference function must be recent and not a preview version. The test evaluates the API version in your template against the resource provider's versions in the toolkit's cache. An API version that's less than two years old from the date the test was run is considered recent.

A warning that an API version wasn't found only indicates the version isn't included in the toolkit's cache. Using the latest version of an API, which is recommended, can generate the warning.

Learn more about the toolkit cache.

The following example fails because the API version is more than two years old.

"outputs": {
  "stgAcct": {
    "type": "string",
    "value": "[reference(resourceId(parameters('storageResourceGroup'), 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageAccountName')), '2019-06-01')]"
  }
}

The following example fails because the API version is a preview version.

"outputs": {
  "stgAcct": {
    "type": "string",
    "value": "[reference(resourceId(parameters('storageResourceGroup'), 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageAccountName')), '2020-08-01-preview')]"
  }
}

The following example passes because the API version less than two years old and isn't a preview version.

"outputs": {
  "stgAcct": {
    "type": "string",
    "value": "[reference(resourceId(parameters('storageResourceGroup'), 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('storageAccountName')), '2021-02-01')]"
  }
}

Use type and name in resourceId functions

Test name: Resources Should Not Be Ambiguous

This test is disabled, but the output shows that it passed. The best practice is to check your template for the following criteria:

A resourceId must include a resource type and resource name. This test finds all the template's resourceId functions and verifies that the resource is used in the template with the correct syntax. Otherwise the function is considered ambiguous.

For example, a resourceId function is considered ambiguous:

  • When a resource isn't found in the template and a resource group isn't specified.
  • If a resource includes a condition and a resource group isn't specified.
  • If a related resource contains some but not all of the name segments. For example, a child resource contains more than one name segment. For more information, see resourceId remarks.

Use inner scope for nested deployment secure parameters

Test name: Secure Params In Nested Deployments

Use the nested template's expressionEvaluationOptions object with inner scope to evaluate expressions that contain secure parameters of type secureString or secureObject or list* functions such as listKeys. If the outer scope is used, expressions are evaluated in clear text within the parent template's scope. The secure value is then visible to anyone with access to the deployment history. The default value of expressionEvaluationOptions is outer.

For more information about nested templates, see Microsoft.Resources deployments and Expression evaluation scope in nested templates.

The following example fails because expressionEvaluationOptions uses outer scope to evaluate secure parameters or list* functions.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Resources/deployments",
    "apiVersion": "2021-04-01",
    "name": "nestedTemplate",
    "properties": {
      "expressionEvaluationOptions": {
        "scope": "outer"
      }
    }
  }
]

The following example passes because expressionEvaluationOptions uses inner scope to evaluate secure parameters or list* functions.

"resources": [
  {
    "type": "Microsoft.Resources/deployments",
    "apiVersion": "2021-04-01",
    "name": "nestedTemplate",
    "properties": {
      "expressionEvaluationOptions": {
        "scope": "inner"
      }
    }
  }
]

Next steps