Azure VMware Solution identity concepts

Azure VMware Solution private clouds are provisioned with a vCenter Server and NSX-T Manager. You'll use vCenter to manage virtual machine (VM) workloads and NSX-T Manager to manage and extend the private cloud. The CloudAdmin role is used for vCenter and restricted administrator rights for NSX-T Manager.

vCenter access and identity

In Azure VMware Solution, vCenter has a built-in local user called cloudadmin assigned to the CloudAdmin role. You can configure users and groups in Active Directory (AD) with the CloudAdmin role for your private cloud. In general, the CloudAdmin role creates and manages workloads in your private cloud. But in Azure VMware Solution, the CloudAdmin role has vCenter privileges that differ from other VMware cloud solutions and on-premises deployments.

Important

The local cloudadmin user should be treated as an emergency access account for "break glass" scenarios in your private cloud. It's not for daily administrative activities or integration with other services.

  • In a vCenter and ESXi on-premises deployment, the administrator has access to the vCenter administrator@vsphere.local account. They can also have more AD users and groups assigned.

  • In an Azure VMware Solution deployment, the administrator doesn't have access to the administrator user account. They can, however, assign AD users and groups to the CloudAdmin role in vCenter. The CloudAdmin role doesn't have permissions to add an identity source like on-premises LDAP or LDAPS server to vCenter. However, you can use Run commands to add an identity source and assign cloudadmin role to users and groups.

The private cloud user doesn't have access to and can't configure specific management components Microsoft supports and manages. For example, clusters, hosts, datastores, and distributed virtual switches.

Note

In Azure VMware Solution, the vsphere.local SSO domain is provided as a managed resource to support platform operations. It doesn't support the creation and management of local groups and users other than those provided by default with your private cloud.

Important

Azure VMware Solution offers custom roles on vCenter but currently doesn't offer them on the Azure VMware Solution portal. For more information, see the Create custom roles on vCenter section later in this article.

View the vCenter privileges

You can view the privileges granted to the Azure VMware Solution CloudAdmin role on your Azure VMware Solution private cloud vCenter.

  1. Sign in to the vSphere Client and go to Menu > Administration.

  2. Under Access Control, select Roles.

  3. From the list of roles, select CloudAdmin and then select Privileges.

    Screenshot showing the roles and privileges for CloudAdmin in the vSphere Client.

The CloudAdmin role in Azure VMware Solution has the following privileges on vCenter. For more information, see the VMware product documentation.

Privilege Description
Alarms Acknowledge alarm
Create alarm
Disable alarm action
Modify alarm
Remove alarm
Set alarm status
Content Library Add library item
Create a subscription for a published library
Create local library
Create subscribed library
Delete library item
Delete local library
Delete subscribed library
Delete subscription of a published library
Download files
Evict library items
Evict subscribed library
Import storage
Probe subscription information
Publish a library item to its subscribers
Publish a library to its subscribers
Read storage
Sync library item
Sync subscribed library
Type introspection
Update configuration settings
Update files
Update library
Update library item
Update local library
Update subscribed library
Update subscription of a published library
View configuration settings
Cryptographic operations Direct access
Datastore Allocate space
Browse datastore
Configure datastore
Low-level file operations
Remove files
Update virtual machine metadata
Folder Create folder
Delete folder
Move folder
Rename folder
Global Cancel task
Global tag
Health
Log event
Manage custom attributes
Service managers
Set custom attribute
System tag
Host vSphere Replication
    Manage replication
Network Assign network
Permissions Modify permissions
Modify role
Profile Profile driven storage view
Resource Apply recommendation
Assign vApp to resource pool
Assign virtual machine to resource pool
Create resource pool
Migrate powered off virtual machine
Migrate powered on virtual machine
Modify resource pool
Move resource pool
Query vMotion
Remove resource pool
Rename resource pool
Scheduled task Create task
Modify task
Remove task
Run task
Sessions Message
Validate session
Storage view View
vApp Add virtual machine
Assign resource pool
Assign vApp
Clone
Create
Delete
Export
Import
Move
Power off
Power on
Rename
Suspend
Unregister
View OVF environment
vApp application configuration
vApp instance configuration
vApp managedBy configuration
vApp resource configuration
Virtual machine Change Configuration
    Acquire disk lease
    Add existing disk
    Add new disk
    Add or remove device
    Advanced configuration
    Change CPU count
    Change memory
    Change settings
    Change swapfile placement
    Change resource
    Configure host USB device
    Configure raw device
    Configure managedBy
    Display connection settings
    Extend virtual disk
    Modify device settings
    Query fault tolerance compatibility
    Query unowned files
    Reload from paths
    Remove disk
    Rename
    Reset guest information
    Set annotation
    Toggle disk change tracking
    Toggle fork parent
    Upgrade virtual machine compatibility
Edit inventory
    Create from existing
    Create new
    Move
    Register
    Remove
    Unregister
Guest operations
    Guest operation alias modification
    Guest operation alias query
    Guest operation modifications
    Guest operation program execution
    Guest operation queries
Interaction
    Answer question
    Back up operation on virtual machine
    Configure CD media
    Configure floppy media
    Connect devices
    Console interaction
    Create screenshot
    Defragment all disks
    Drag and drop
    Guest operating system management by VIX API
    Inject USB HID scan codes
    Install VMware tools
    Pause or Unpause
    Wipe or shrink operations
    Power off
    Power on
    Record session on virtual machine
    Replay session on virtual machine
    Suspend
    Suspend fault tolerance
    Test failover
    Test restart secondary VM
    Turn off fault tolerance
    Turn on fault tolerance
Provisioning
    Allow disk access
    Allow file access
    Allow read-only disk access
    Allow virtual machine download
    Clone template
    Clone virtual machine
    Create template from virtual machine
    Customize guest
    Deploy template
    Mark as template
    Modify customization specification
    Promote disks
    Read customization specifications
Service configuration
    Allow notifications
    Allow polling of global event notifications
    Manage service configuration
    Modify service configuration
    Query service configurations
    Read service configuration
Snapshot management
    Create snapshot
    Remove snapshot
    Rename snapshot
    Revert snapshot
vSphere Replication
    Configure replication
    Manage replication
    Monitor replication
vService Create dependency
Destroy dependency
Reconfigure dependency configuration
Update dependency
vSphere tagging Assign and unassign vSphere tag
Create vSphere tag
Create vSphere tag category
Delete vSphere tag
Delete vSphere tag category
Edit vSphere tag
Edit vSphere tag category
Modify UsedBy field for category
Modify UsedBy field for tag

Create custom roles on vCenter

Azure VMware Solution supports the use of custom roles with equal or lesser privileges than the CloudAdmin role.

You'll use the CloudAdmin role to create, modify, or delete custom roles with privileges lesser than or equal to their current role. You can create roles with privileges greater than CloudAdmin, but you can't assign the role to any users or groups or delete the role.

To prevent creating roles that can't be assigned or deleted, clone the CloudAdmin role as the basis for creating new custom roles.

Create a custom role

  1. Sign in to vCenter with cloudadmin@vsphere.local or a user with the CloudAdmin role.

  2. Navigate to the Roles configuration section and select Menu > Administration > Access Control > Roles.

  3. Select the CloudAdmin role and select the Clone role action icon.

    Note

    Don't clone the Administrator role because you can't use it. Also, the custom role created can't be deleted by cloudadmin@vsphere.local.

  4. Provide the name you want for the cloned role.

  5. Add or remove privileges for the role and select OK. The cloned role is visible in the Roles list.

Apply a custom role

  1. Navigate to the object that requires the added permission. For example, to apply permission to a folder, navigate to Menu > VMs and Templates > Folder Name.

  2. Right-click the object and select Add Permission.

  3. Select the Identity Source in the User drop-down where the group or user can be found.

  4. Search for the user or group after selecting the Identity Source under the User section.

  5. Select the role that you want to apply to the user or group.

  6. Check the Propagate to children if needed, and select OK. The added permission displays in the Permissions section.

NSX-T Manager access and identity

Note

NSX-T 3.1.2 is currently supported for all new private clouds.

Use the admin account to access NSX-T Manager. It has full privileges and lets you create and manage Tier-1 (T1) gateways, segments (logical switches), and all services. In addition, the privileges give you access to the NSX-T Tier-0 (T0) gateway. A change to the T0 gateway could result in degraded network performance or no private cloud access. Open a support request in the Azure portal to request any changes to your NSX-T T0 gateway.

Next steps

Now that you've covered Azure VMware Solution access and identity concepts, you may want to learn about: