Content Moderator encryption of data at rest

Content Moderator automatically encrypts your data when it is persisted to the cloud, helping to meet your organizational security and compliance goals.

About Cognitive Services encryption

Data is encrypted and decrypted using FIPS 140-2 compliant 256-bit AES encryption. Encryption and decryption are transparent, meaning encryption and access are managed for you. Your data is secure by default and you don't need to modify your code or applications to take advantage of encryption.

About encryption key management

By default, your subscription uses Microsoft-managed encryption keys. There is also the option to manage your subscription with your own keys called customer-managed keys (CMK). CMK offer greater flexibility to create, rotate, disable, and revoke access controls. You can also audit the encryption keys used to protect your data. If CMK is configured for your subscription, double encryption is provided, which offers a second layer of protection, while allowing you to control the encryption key through your Azure Key Vault.

Important

Customer-managed keys are only available on the E0 pricing tier. To request the ability to use customer-managed keys, fill out and submit the Content Moderator Customer-Managed Key Request Form. It will take approximately 3-5 business days to hear back on the status of your request. Depending on demand, you may be placed in a queue and approved as space becomes available. Once approved for using CMK with the Content Moderator service, you will need to create a new Content Moderator resource and select E0 as the Pricing Tier. Once your Content Moderator resource with the E0 pricing tier is created, you can use Azure Key Vault to set up your managed identity.

Regional availability

Customer-managed keys are currently available in these regions:

  • US South Central
  • West US 2
  • East US
  • US Gov Virginia
  • US Gov Arizona

Customer-managed keys with Azure Key Vault

You must use Azure Key Vault to store customer-managed keys. You can either create your own keys and store them in a key vault, or you can use the Azure Key Vault APIs to generate keys. The Cognitive Services resource and the key vault must be in the same region and in the same Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant, but they can be in different subscriptions. For more information about Azure Key Vault, see What is Azure Key Vault?.

When a new Cognitive Services resource is created it is always encrypted using Microsoft-managed keys. It's not possible to enable customer-managed keys at the time that the resource is created. Customer-managed keys are stored in Azure Key Vault, and the key vault must be provisioned with access policies that grant key permissions to the managed identity that is associated with the Cognitive Services resource. The managed identity is available only after the resource is created using the Pricing Tier required for CMK.

Enabling customer managed keys will also enable a system assigned managed identity, a feature of Azure AD. Once the system assigned managed identity is enabled, this resource will be registered with Azure Active Directory. After being registered, the managed identity will be given access to the Key Vault selected during customer managed key setup.

Important

If you disable system assigned managed identities, access to the key vault will be removed and any data encrypted with the customer keys will no longer be accessible. Any features depended on this data will stop working.

Important

Managed identities do not currently support cross-directory scenarios. When you configure customer-managed keys in the Azure portal, a managed identity is automatically assigned under the covers. If you subsequently move the subscription, resource group, or resource from one Azure AD directory to another, the managed identity associated with the resource is not transferred to the new tenant, so customer-managed keys may no longer work. For more information, see Transferring a subscription between Azure AD directories in FAQs and known issues with managed identities for Azure resources.

Configure Azure Key Vault

Using customer-managed keys requires that two properties be set in the key vault, Soft Delete and Do Not Purge. These properties are not enabled by default, but can be enabled using either PowerShell or Azure CLI on a new or existing key vault.

Important

If you do not have the Soft Delete and Do Not Purge properties enabled and you delete your key, you won't be able to recover the data in your Cognitive Service resource.

To learn how to enable these properties on an existing key vault, see the sections titled Enabling soft-delete and Enabling Purge Protection in one of the following articles:

Only RSA keys of size 2048 are supported with Azure Storage encryption. For more information about keys, see Key Vault keys in About Azure Key Vault keys, secrets and certificates.

Enable customer-managed keys for your resource

To enable customer-managed keys in the Azure portal, follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to your Cognitive Services resource.

  2. On the Settings blade for your Cognitive Services resource, click Encryption. Select the Customer Managed Keys option, as shown in the following figure.

    Screenshot showing how to select Customer Managed Keys

Specify a key

After you enable customer-managed keys, you'll have the opportunity to specify a key to associate with the Cognitive Services resource.

Specify a key as a URI

To specify a key as a URI, follow these steps:

  1. To locate the key URI in the Azure portal, navigate to your key vault, and select the Keys setting. Select the desired key, then click the key to view its versions. Select a key version to view the settings for that version.

  2. Copy the value of the Key Identifier field, which provides the URI.

    Screenshot showing key vault key URI

  3. In the Encryption settings for your storage account, choose the Enter key URI option.

  4. Paste the URI that you copied into the Key URI field.

    Screenshot showing how to enter key URI

  5. Specify the subscription that contains the key vault.

  6. Save your changes.

Specify a key from a key vault

To specify a key from a key vault, first make sure that you have a key vault that contains a key. To specify a key from a key vault, follow these steps:

  1. Choose the Select from Key Vault option.

  2. Select the key vault containing the key you want to use.

  3. Select the key from the key vault.

    Screenshot showing customer-managed key option

  4. Save your changes.

Update the key version

When you create a new version of a key, update the Cognitive Services resource to use the new version. Follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to your Cognitive Services resource and display the Encryption settings.
  2. Enter the URI for the new key version. Alternately, you can select the key vault and the key again to update the version.
  3. Save your changes.

Use a different key

To change the key used for encryption, follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to your Cognitive Services resource and display the Encryption settings.
  2. Enter the URI for the new key. Alternately, you can select the key vault and choose a new key.
  3. Save your changes.

Rotate customer-managed keys

You can rotate a customer-managed key in Azure Key Vault according to your compliance policies. When the key is rotated, you must update the Cognitive Services resource to use the new key URI. To learn how to update the resource to use a new version of the key in the Azure portal, see Update the key version.

Rotating the key does not trigger re-encryption of data in the resource. There is no further action required from the user.

Revoke access to customer-managed keys

To revoke access to customer-managed keys, use PowerShell or Azure CLI. For more information, see Azure Key Vault PowerShell or Azure Key Vault CLI. Revoking access effectively blocks access to all data in the Cognitive Services resource, as the encryption key is inaccessible by Cognitive Services.

Disable customer-managed keys

When you disable customer-managed keys, your Cognitive Services resource is then encrypted with Microsoft-managed keys. To disable customer-managed keys, follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to your Cognitive Services resource and display the Encryption settings.
  2. Deselect the checkbox next to the Use your own key setting.

Enable data encryption for your Content Moderator Team

To enable data encryption for your Content Moderator Review Team, see the Quickstart: Try Content Moderator on the web.

Note

You'll need to provide a Resource ID with the Content Moderator E0 pricing tier.

Next steps