Use language detection Docker containers on-premises

Containers enable you to host the Language Detection API on your own infrastructure. If you have security or data governance requirements that can't be fulfilled by calling Language Detection remotely, then containers might be a good option.

Prerequisites

  • If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account.
  • Docker installed on a host computer. Docker must be configured to allow the containers to connect with and send billing data to Azure.
    • On Windows, Docker must also be configured to support Linux containers.
    • You should have a basic understanding of Docker concepts.
  • A Language resource with the free (F0) or standard (S) pricing tier.

Gather required parameters

Three primary parameters for all Cognitive Services containers are required. The Microsoft Software License Terms must be present with a value of accept. An Endpoint URI and API key are also needed.

Endpoint URI

The {ENDPOINT_URI} value is available on the Azure portal Overview page of the corresponding Cognitive Services resource. Go to the Overview page, hover over the endpoint, and a Copy to clipboard icon appears. Copy and use the endpoint where needed.

Screenshot that shows gathering the endpoint URI for later use.

Keys

The {API_KEY} value is used to start the container and is available on the Azure portal's Keys page of the corresponding Cognitive Services resource. Go to the Keys page, and select the Copy to clipboard icon.

Screenshot that shows getting one of the two keys for later use.

Important

These subscription keys are used to access your Cognitive Services API. Don't share your keys. Store them securely. For example, use Azure Key Vault. We also recommend that you regenerate these keys regularly. Only one key is necessary to make an API call. When you regenerate the first key, you can use the second key for continued access to the service.

Host computer requirements and recommendations

The host is an x64-based computer that runs the Docker container. It can be a computer on your premises or a Docker hosting service in Azure, such as:

The following table describes the minimum and recommended specifications for the language detection container. Each CPU core must be at least 2.6 gigahertz (GHz) or faster. The allowable Transactions Per Second (TPS) are also listed.

Minimum host specs Recommended host specs Minimum TPS Maximum TPS
Language detection 1 core, 2GB memory 1 core, 4GB memory 15 30

CPU core and memory correspond to the --cpus and --memory settings, which are used as part of the docker run command.

Get the container image with docker pull

Use the docker pull command to download a container image from the Microsoft Container Registry.

docker pull mcr.microsoft.com/azure-cognitive-services/textanalytics/language:latest

Tip

You can use the docker images command to list your downloaded container images. For example, the following command lists the ID, repository, and tag of each downloaded container image, formatted as a table:

docker images --format "table {{.ID}}\t{{.Repository}}\t{{.Tag}}"

IMAGE ID         REPOSITORY                TAG
<image-id>       <repository-path/name>    <tag-name>

Run the container with docker run

Once the container is on the host computer, use the docker run command to run the containers. The container will continue to run until you stop it.

Important

  • The docker commands in the following sections use the back slash, \, as a line continuation character. Replace or remove this based on your host operating system's requirements.
  • The Eula, Billing, and ApiKey options must be specified to run the container; otherwise, the container won't start. For more information, see Billing.

To run the Language Detection container, execute the following docker run command. Replace the placeholders below with your own values:

Placeholder Value Format or example
{API_KEY} The key for your Language resource. You can find it on your resource's Key and endpoint page, on the Azure portal. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
{ENDPOINT_URI} The endpoint for accessing the language detection API. You can find it on your resource's Key and endpoint page, on the Azure portal. https://<your-custom-subdomain>.cognitiveservices.azure.com
docker run --rm -it -p 5000:5000 --memory 4g --cpus 1 \
mcr.microsoft.com/azure-cognitive-services/textanalytics/language \
Eula=accept \
Billing={ENDPOINT_URI} \
ApiKey={API_KEY}

This command:

  • Runs a Language Detection container from the container image
  • Allocates one CPU core and 4 gigabytes (GB) of memory
  • Exposes TCP port 5000 and allocates a pseudo-TTY for the container
  • Automatically removes the container after it exits. The container image is still available on the host computer.

Run multiple containers on the same host

If you intend to run multiple containers with exposed ports, make sure to run each container with a different exposed port. For example, run the first container on port 5000 and the second container on port 5001.

You can have this container and a different Azure Cognitive Services container running on the HOST together. You also can have multiple containers of the same Cognitive Services container running.

Query the container's prediction endpoint

The container provides REST-based query prediction endpoint APIs.

Use the host, http://localhost:5000, for container APIs.

Validate that a container is running

There are several ways to validate that the container is running. Locate the External IP address and exposed port of the container in question, and open your favorite web browser. Use the various request URLs that follow to validate the container is running. The example request URLs listed here are http://localhost:5000, but your specific container might vary. Make sure to rely on your container's External IP address and exposed port.

Request URL Purpose
http://localhost:5000/ The container provides a home page.
http://localhost:5000/ready Requested with GET, this URL provides a verification that the container is ready to accept a query against the model. This request can be used for Kubernetes liveness and readiness probes.
http://localhost:5000/status Also requested with GET, this URL verifies if the api-key used to start the container is valid without causing an endpoint query. This request can be used for Kubernetes liveness and readiness probes.
http://localhost:5000/swagger The container provides a full set of documentation for the endpoints and a Try it out feature. With this feature, you can enter your settings into a web-based HTML form and make the query without having to write any code. After the query returns, an example CURL command is provided to demonstrate the HTTP headers and body format that's required.

Container's home page

Stop the container

To shut down the container, in the command-line environment where the container is running, select Ctrl+C.

Troubleshooting

If you run the container with an output mount and logging enabled, the container generates log files that are helpful to troubleshoot issues that happen while starting or running the container.

Tip

For more troubleshooting information and guidance, see Cognitive Services containers frequently asked questions (FAQ).

Billing

The language detection containers send billing information to Azure, using a Language resource on your Azure account.

Queries to the container are billed at the pricing tier of the Azure resource that's used for the ApiKey parameter.

Azure Cognitive Services containers aren't licensed to run without being connected to the metering or billing endpoint. You must enable the containers to communicate billing information with the billing endpoint at all times. Cognitive Services containers don't send customer data, such as the image or text that's being analyzed, to Microsoft.

Connect to Azure

The container needs the billing argument values to run. These values allow the container to connect to the billing endpoint. The container reports usage about every 10 to 15 minutes. If the container doesn't connect to Azure within the allowed time window, the container continues to run but doesn't serve queries until the billing endpoint is restored. The connection is attempted 10 times at the same time interval of 10 to 15 minutes. If it can't connect to the billing endpoint within the 10 tries, the container stops serving requests. See the Cognitive Services container FAQ for an example of the information sent to Microsoft for billing.

Billing arguments

The docker run command will start the container when all three of the following options are provided with valid values:

Option Description
ApiKey The API key of the Cognitive Services resource that's used to track billing information.
The value of this option must be set to an API key for the provisioned resource that's specified in Billing.
Billing The endpoint of the Cognitive Services resource that's used to track billing information.
The value of this option must be set to the endpoint URI of a provisioned Azure resource.
Eula Indicates that you accepted the license for the container.
The value of this option must be set to accept.

For more information about these options, see Configure containers.

Summary

In this article, you learned concepts and workflow for downloading, installing, and running language detection containers. In summary:

  • Language detection provides Linux containers for Docker
  • Container images are downloaded from the Microsoft Container Registry (MCR).
  • Container images run in Docker.
  • You must specify billing information when instantiating a container.

Important

This container is not licensed to run without being connected to Azure for metering. Customers need to enable the containers to communicate billing information with the metering service at all times. Cognitive Services containers do not send customer data (e.g. text that is being analyzed) to Microsoft.

Next steps