Prevent unexpected charges with Azure billing and cost management
When you sign up for Azure, there are several things you can do to get a better idea of your spending:
- Get estimated costs before adding services using pricing calculator, Azure price sheet or while adding services in the Azure portal.
- Monitor costs with budgets, alerts, and cost analysis.
- Review the charges on your invoice by comparing them with detailed usage files.
- Integrate billing and cost data with your own reporting system using billing and consumption APIs.
- Use additional resources and tools for Enterprise Agreement (EA), Cloud Solution Provider (CSP), and Azure Sponsorship customers.
- Make use of some of the most popular Azure services for free for 12 months available with the Azure free account. Along with the recommendations listed below, see Avoid getting charged for free account.
If you need to cancel your Azure subscription, see Cancel your Azure subscription.
Get estimated costs before adding Azure services
Use one of the following tools to estimate the cost of using an Azure service:
- Azure pricing calculator
- Azure price sheet
- Azure portal
The images in the following sections show example pricing in US Dollars.
Estimate cost online using the pricing calculator
Check out the pricing calculator to get an estimated monthly cost of the service that you want to add. You can change the currency to get the estimate in your local currency.
You can view estimated cost for any first party Azure service. For example, in the screenshot below, an A1 Windows Virtual Machine (VM) is estimated to cost $66.96 per month in compute hours if you leave it running the whole time:
For more information about pricing, see the Pricing FAQ. If you want to talk to an Azure salesperson, call the phone number shown at the top of the FAQ page.
View and download Azure price sheet
If you have access to Azure through an Enterprise Agreement (EA) or a Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA), you can view and download the price sheet for your Azure account. The price sheet is an excel file that contains prices for all Azure services. For more information, see View and download your Azure pricing.
Review estimated costs in the Azure portal
You can view the estimated cost per month while adding a service in the Azure portal. For example, when you choose the size of your Windows VM, you see the estimated monthly cost for the compute hours:
Monitor costs when using Azure services
You can monitor costs with the following tools:
- Budget and cost alerts
- Cost analysis
Track costs with budgets and cost alerts
Explore and analyze costs with cost analysis
After you have your Azure services running, regularly check costs to track your Azure spending. You can use cost analysis to understand where costs originated for your Azure usage.
Click Cost analysis from the left side of the screen to see the current cost broken down by various pivots such as service, location, and subscription. After you add a service or make a purchase, wait 24 hours for the data to display. By default, cost analysis shows the cost for the scope that you are in. For example, in the screenshot below, cost for Contoso billing account is displayed. Use the Scope pill to switch to a different scope in cost analysis. For more information about scopes, see Understand and work with scopes
You can filter by various properties such as tags, resource type, and time span. Click Add filter to add the filter for a property and select the values to filter. Select Export to export the view to a comma-separated values (.csv) file.
Additionally, you can click the labels of the chart to see the daily spend history for that label. For ex: In the screenshot below, clicking on virtual machines displays the daily cost of running your VMs.
Optimize and reduce costs
If you're unfamiliar with the principles of cost management, read How to optimize your cloud investment with Azure Cost Management.
In the Azure portal, you can also optimize and reduce Azure costs with auto shutdown for VMs and Advisor recommendations.
Consider cost-cutting features like auto shutdown for VMs
Depending on your scenario, you can configure auto shutdown for your VMs in the Azure portal. For more information, see Auto shutdown for VMs using Azure Resource Manager.
Auto shutdown isn't the same as when you shut down within the VM with power options. Auto shutdown stops and deallocates your VMs to stop additional usage charges. For more information, see pricing FAQ for Linux VMs and Windows VMs about VM states.
For more cost-cutting features for your development and test environments, check out Azure DevTest Labs.
Turn on and review Azure Advisor recommendations
Azure Advisor helps you reduce costs by identifying resources with low usage. Search for Advisor in the Azure portal:
Select Cost from the left-hand side. You'll see actionable recommendations in the Cost tab:
Review the Optimize costs from recommendations tutorial for a guided tutorial about cost-saving Advisor recommendations.
Integrate with billing and consumption APIs
Use the Azure billing and consumption APIs to programmatically get billing and cost data. Use the RateCard API and the Usage API together to get your billed usage. For more information, see Gain insights into your Microsoft Azure resource consumption.
Additional resources and special cases
EA, CSP, and Sponsorship customers
Talk to your account manager or Azure partner to get started.
|Enterprise Agreement (EA)||EA portal, help docs, and Power BI report|
|Cloud Solution Provider (CSP)||Talk to your provider|
|Azure Sponsorship||Sponsorship portal|
Enterprise Agreement cost views in the Azure portal
Enterprise cost views are currently in Public Preview. Items to note:
- Subscription costs are based on usage and don't include prepaid amounts, overages, included quantities, adjustments, and taxes. Actual charges are computed at the Enrollment level.
- Amounts shown in the Azure portal might be different than what's in the Enterprise portal. Updates in the Enterprise portal may take a few minutes before the changes are shown in the Azure portal.
- If you aren't seeing costs, it might be for one of the following reasons:
- You don't have permissions at the subscription level. To see enterprise cost views, you must be a Billing Reader, Reader, Contributor, or Owner at the subscription level.
- You're an Account Owner and your Enrollment Administrator has disabled the "AO view charges" setting. Contact your Enrollment Administrator to get access to costs.
- You're a Department Administrator and your Enrollment Administrator has disabled the DA view charges setting. Contact your Enrollment Administrator to get access.
- You bought Azure through a channel partner, and the partner didn't release pricing information.
- If you update settings related to cost, access in the Enterprise portal, there's a delay of a few minutes before the changes are shown in the Azure portal.
- Spending limit, and invoice guidance don't apply to EA Subscriptions.
Check your subscription and access
To view costs, you need account or subscription level access to cost or billing information. The access varies by type of billing account. To learn more about billing accounts and check the type of your billing account, see View billing accounts in Azure portal.
If you have access to Azure through a Microsoft Online Service Program (MOSP) billing account, see Manage access to billing information for Azure.
If you have access to Azure through an Enterprise Agreement (EA) billing account, see Understand Azure Enterprise Agreement administrative roles in Azure.
If you have access to Azure through a Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) billing account, see Understand Microsoft Customer Agreement administrative roles in Azure.
Request a Service Level Agreement credit for a service incident
The Service Level Agreement (SLA) describes Microsoft's commitments for uptime and connectivity. A service incident is reported when Azure services experience an issue that impacts uptime or connectivity, often referred to as an outage. If we do not achieve and maintain the Service Levels for each service as described in the SLA, then you might be eligible for a credit towards a portion of your monthly service fees.
To request a credit:
- Sign in to the Azure portal. If you have multiple accounts, make sure that you use the one that was affected by Azure downtime.
- Create a new support request.
- Under Issue type, select Billing.
- Under Problem type, select Refund Request.
- Add details to specify that you're asking for an SLA credit, mention the date/time/time-zone as well as the impacted services (VMs, Web Sites, etc.)
- Verify your contact details and select Create to submit your request.
SLA thresholds vary by service. For example, the SQL Web Tier has an SLA of 99.9%, VMs have an SLA of 99.95%, and SQL Standard Tier has an SLA of 99.99%.
For some services, there are prerequisites for the SLA to apply. For example, virtual machines must have two or more instances deployed in the same Availability Set.
Analyze unexpected charges
The cloud resource infrastructure that you've built for your organization is likely complex. Many Azure resource types can have different types of charges. Azure resources might be owned by different teams in your organization and they might have different billing model types that apply to various resources. To gain a better understanding of the charges, begin your analysis using one or more of the strategies in the following sections.
Review your invoice and identify the resource that is responsible for the charge
How you purchase your Azure services helps you determine the methodology and tools that are available to you as you identify the resource associated with a charge. To determine which methodology applies to you, first determine your Azure offer type. Then, identify your customer category in the list of supported Azure offers.
The following articles provide detailed steps that explain how to review your bill based on your customer type. In each article there are instructions about how to download a CSV file containing usage and cost details for a given billing period.
- Pay-As-You-Go bill review process
- Enterprise Agreement bill review process
- Microsoft Customer Agreement review process
- Microsoft Partner Agreement review process
Your Azure bill aggregates charges for the month on a per-meter basis. Meters are used to track a resource's usage over time and are used to calculate your bill. When you create a single Azure resource, like a virtual machine, one or more-meter instances are created for the resource.
Filter the usage CSV file based on the MeterName as shown on the bill that you want to analyze to see all line items that apply to the meter. The InstanceID for the line item corresponds to the actual Azure resource that generated the charge.
When you've identified the resource in question, you can use Cost analysis in Azure Cost Management to further analyze the costs related to the resource. To learn more about using cost analysis, see Start analyzing costs.
Review invoiced charges in Cost analysis
To view your invoice details in the Azure portal, navigate to Cost analysis for the scope associated with the invoice that you're analyzing. Select the Invoice details view. Invoice details show you the charges as seen on the invoice.
Viewing invoice details, you can identify the service that has unexpected costs and determine which resources are directly associated with the resource in Cost analysis. For example, if you want to analyze charges for the Virtual Machines service, navigate to the Accumulated cost view. Then, set the granularity to Daily and filter charges Service name: Virtual machines and group charges by Resource.
Identify spikes in cost over time
Sometimes you might not know what recent costs resulted in changes to your billed charges. To understand what changed, you can use Cost analysis to see a daily or monthly breakdown of costs over time. After you create the view, group your charges by either Service or Resource to identify the changes. You can also change your view to a Line chart to better visualize the data.
Determine resource pricing and understand its billing model
A single resource can accrue charges across multiple Azure products and services. View the Azure pricing by product page to learn more about the pricing for each Azure service. For example, a single virtual machine (VM) created in Azure can have the following meters created to track its usage. Each might have different pricing.
- Compute Hours
- IP Address Hours
- Data Transfer In
- Data Transfer Out
- Standard Managed Disk
- Standard Managed Disk Operations
- Standard IO-Disk
- Standard IO-Block Blob Read
- Standard IO-Block Blob Write
- Standard IO-Block Blob Delete
When the VM is created, each meter begins emitting usage records. The usage and the meter's price are tracked in the Azure metering system. You can see the meters that were used to calculate your bill in the usage CSV file.
Find the people responsible for the resource and engage them
Oftentimes, the team responsible for a given resource will know about changes that were made for a resource. Engaging them is useful as you identify why charges might appear. For example, the owning team may have recently created the resource, updated its SKU (thereby changing the resource rate) or increased the load on the resource due to code changes. Continue reading the following sections for more techniques to determine who owns a resource.
Analyze the audit logs for the resource
If you have permissions to view a resource, you should be able to access its audit logs. Review the logs to find the user who was responsible for the most recent changes to a resource. To learn more, see View and retrieve Azure Activity log events.
Analyze user permissions to the resource's parent scope
People that have write access to a subscription or resource group typically have information about the resources were created. They should be able to explain the purpose of a resource or point you to the person who knows. To identify the people with permissions for a Subscription scope, see View role assignments. You can use a similar process for resource groups.
Get help to identify charges
If you've used the preceding strategies and you still don't understand why you received a charge or if you need other help with billing issues, please create a support request.