SQL reference for SQL Analytics

This is a SQL command reference for Azure Databricks SQL Analytics.

General reference

This general reference describes data types, functions, identifiers, literals, and semantics:

DDL statements

You use data definition statements to create or modify the structure of database objects in a database:

DML statements

You use data manipulation statements to add, change, or delete data:

Data retrieval statements

You use the SELECT statement to retrieve rows from one or more tables according to the specified clauses. The full syntax and brief description of supported clauses are explained in SELECT. The SQL statements related to SELECT are also included in this section.

Spark also provides the ability to generate logical and physical plan for a query using the EXPLAIN statement.

Delta Lake statements

You use Delta Lake SQL statements to manage tables stored in Delta Lake format:

For details on using Delta Lake statements, see Delta Lake and Delta Engine guide.

Auxiliary statements

You use auxiliary statements to collect statistics, manage caching, explore metadata, set configurations, and manage resources:

Analyze statement

Describe statements

Show statements

Configuration management

Security statements

You use security SQL statements to manage access to data:

For details using these statements, see Data object privileges.