Shell Script task
Azure Pipelines | Azure DevOps Server 2020 | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018 - TFS 2015
Use this task to run a shell script using bash.
In Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS) 2018 and previous versions, build and release pipelines are called definitions, runs are called builds, service connections are called service endpoints, stages are called environments, and jobs are called phases.
- task: ShellScript@2 inputs: scriptPath: #args: '' # Optional #disableAutoCwd: false # Optional #cwd: '' # Optional #failOnStandardError: false
|Script Path||Relative path from the repo root to the shell script file that you want to run.|
|Arguments||Arguments that you want to pass to the script.|
|Working Directory||Working directory in which you want to run the script. If you leave it empty it is folder where the script is located.|
|Fail on Standard Error||Select if you want this task to fail if any errors are written to the StandardError stream.|
test.sh at the root of your repo.
We recommend creating this file from a Linux environment (such as a real Linux machine or Windows Subsystem for Linux) so that line endings are correct.
Also, don't forget to
chmod +x test.sh before you commit it.
#!/bin/bash echo "Hello World" echo "AGENT_WORKFOLDER is $AGENT_WORKFOLDER" echo "AGENT_WORKFOLDER contents:" ls -1 $AGENT_WORKFOLDER echo "AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY is $AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY" echo "AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY contents:" ls -1 $AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY echo "SYSTEM_HOSTTYPE is $SYSTEM_HOSTTYPE" echo "Over and out."
On the Build tab of a build pipeline, add this task:
This example also works with release pipelines.
This task is open source on GitHub. Feedback and contributions are welcome.
Where can I learn about Bash scripts?
Beginners/BashScripting to get started.
Awesome Bash to go deeper.
How do I set a variable so that it can be read by subsequent scripts and tasks?
To learn more about defining build variables in a script, see Define and modify your build variables in a script.
To learn more about defining release variables in a script, see Define and modify your release variables in a script.
Q: I'm having issues with publishing my artifacts. How can I view the detailed logs?
To enable detailed logs for your pipeline:
- Edit your pipeline and select Variables
- Add a new variable with the name
Q: Which variables are available to me?
$(Agent.BuildDirectory) are just few of the variables you can use in your pipeline. Variables are available as expressions or scripts.
Do I need an agent?
You need at least one agent to run your build or release.
I'm having problems. How can I troubleshoot them?
I can't select a default agent pool and I can't queue my build or release. How do I fix this?
See Agent pools.
My NuGet push task is failing with the following error: "Error: unable to get local issuer certificate". How can I fix this?
This can be fixed by adding a trusted root certificate. You can either add the
NODE_EXTRA_CA_CERTS=file environment variable to your build agent, or you can add the
NODE.EXTRA.CA.CERTS=file task variable in your pipeline. See Environment variables for more details.