Publish a Git repository to a wiki
Azure DevOps Services | Azure DevOps Server 2020 | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018
In this quickstart, learn how to do the following tasks:
- Open Wiki
- Publish a Git repo to a wiki
- Edit pages of a published wiki
- Add pages to a published wiki
- Change the page sequence of a published wiki
- Make a page the wiki home page
Content that you already maintain in a Git repository can be published to a wiki. For example, this could be content written to support a software development kit (SDK), product documentation, or README file. You can publish multiple wikis within a single team project.
By publishing your Markdown files to a wiki, you gain the following benefits:
- Organize the content into a hierarchical page structure
- Table of contents that readers can browse and filter
- Publish new versions of the content
- Manage content in the same way you manage your code base
- Readers can search the wiki easily using the Wiki search feature
For information about managing the different wiki types, see Differences between provisioned wiki and publish code as wiki.
You can add and edit content you've published to a wiki using the steps outlined in this article. Or, you can also work offline and update wiki content in the same way you collaborate on code through a Git repository. For more information, see Update wiki pages offline.
- You must have a team project. If you don't have a team project yet, create one.
- You must have enabled Azure Repos service for your project.
- You must have a Git repository defined in your team project. Ideally, this repository contains at least one Markdown file, which you want to publish to your wiki. If you need to add a Git repository, see Create a new Git repo in your project.
- You must have the permission Contribute to publish code as wiki. By default, this permission is set for members of the Contributors group.
- Anyone who has permissions to contribute to the Git repository can add or edit wiki pages.
Begin by connecting to your project using a supported web browser and choose Wiki.
Choose Overview > Wiki.
If you need to switch your team project, choose Azure DevOps to browse all team projects and teams.
Publish a Git repository to a wiki
Choose this option when you maintain Markdown files in an existing Git repo and you want to publish them to a wiki.
Select Publish code as Wiki.
The Publish code as Wiki option won't appear if your project doesn't have a Git repository defined. Create a new Git repo, and then return and refresh this page.
If you've already provisioned a team project wiki, from the context menu for Wikis, choose Publish code wiki.
Choose the repository, branch, and folder that contain the Markdown files and name the wiki repository. The Git repo must be within the team project.
Specify the root of the repository when you want to publish all Markdown files in the repository to your wiki.
Choose Publish. The wiki repo is populated with the Markdown files and folders included within the repo you selected.
For example, the following image shows the published repo for the files that are contained in the azure-docs-sdk-node repository that you selected in Step 2.
The wiki Table of Contents (TOC) contains the following files:
Each Markdown file (file type=.md) defined in the repo/branch/folder is listed in alphabetical order, the TOC title is derived from the Markdown file name
A parent page for each subfolder defined within the published folder, even if it doesn't contain any Markdown files.
And here's an image of the contents of the azure-docs-sdk-node repository.
The head of the Git repo branch is now mapped to the wiki. Any changes made within the branch and selected folder(s) are automatically reflected in the Wiki. There are no other workflows involved.
You can publish up to 10 total wikis.
For the Wiki that's provisioned with the Markdown files you've added, you can now add or edit pages in the same way that you maintain code in your Git repository.
Edit, rename, or delete pages
To edit, rename, or delete a page, open Repos>Files or Code>Files.
Choose the page you want, select Actions, and then choose the operation that you want.
You can manage your wiki repo in the same way you manage any other Git repo by defining branch policies on the branch that you selected to publish to a wiki. However, without any policies defined, you can make changes and push them directly to the branch from your web portal or from a client.
Edit a page
You can use the links available in edit mode to preview your changes or highlight changes made from the previous version. To discard your changes, select Cancel. For details about supported Markdown features, see Syntax guidance for Markdown usage.
When finished with your updates, choose Commit, and then fill in the Commit dialog form.
The system automatically presents you with a link to create a pull request. You can ignore this message when you're directly editing the wiki branch.
When you change the name or case of a file, you'll want to update the .order file to reflect the change. To learn more, jump to Change the page sequence, add or update a .order file.
Rename a page
All pages that you want to appear in the TOC must have .md as their file type. Choose Rename to rename the file accordingly.
For example, here we rename new-home-page.md to New-Home-Page.md. This page appears in the TOC with the label, "New Home Page".
Page titles are case-sensitive and must be unique within the folder, and 235 characters or less. For other title restrictions, see Page title naming restrictions.
Delete a page
Any Markdown files that you don't want to appear in the wiki, you can delete from the published folder. If you've included the file in an .order file, then delete its entry from the .order file. To learn more, jump to Change the page sequence, add, or update an .order file.
Add a page or pages
You can add pages to your published wiki as follows:
- Add a file to a root folder or subfolder from the web portal
- Upload files to a root folder or subfolder
- Add or update a .order file to specify the page sequence in the wiki TOC.
Each update you make requires you commit your changes to the repository. You can then refresh your Wiki for your published repo to review the changes.
Add a page from the web portal
From Repos>Files or Code>Files for the published repo, select Actions, and then choose File.
Enter a name for the page, make sure to specify the .md file type. The file name should correspond to the page title that you want to appear in the TOC, with dashes in place of spaces. Specify a unique title of 235 characters or less. Page titles are case-sensitive. For other title restrictions, see Page title naming restrictions.
For example, to add a page that appears in the TOC as Page 4, add a file named Page-4.md.
Enter the contents of the page. For details about supported Markdown features, see Syntax guidance for Markdown files, widgets, wikis, and pull request comments.
When done, choose Commit, and then fill in the Commit dialog form.
Upload files to a folder
If you have existing content already defined, you can upload it into a folder. Select Actions, and then choose Upload file(s).
Fill in the Commit dialog form, selecting the folder and files you want to upload.
Add a parent page and subpages
To add a parent page, you'll first add a Markdown file at the root folder level and then add a folder with the same label.
To add a folder, choose Folder, and then fill in the New folder dialog form. Specify at least one file to correspond to a subpage in the folder.
Add all the files you want as subpages to the folder.
Add or update a .order file
The last step when you're adding files or folders to the wiki repo is to add or update the .order file of the updated folders. This action reflects the sequence of pages you want to show in the TOC. For details, see Change the page sequence, add, or update a .order file. Any files that aren't listed in the .order file get added to the end of the alphabetical list, as their order is set to int.MaxValue.
Change the page sequence, add, or update a .order file
Each .order file defines the sequence of pages contained within a folder. The root .order file specifies the sequence of pages defined at the root level. And for each folder, a .order file defines the sequence of subpages added to a parent page.
You can add a .order file in the same way as you add any file from the Code>Files page. Name the file .order.
Then, edit the contents of the file to reflect the sequence of Markdown files contained within the folder. Each entry should mirror the file name but without the .md file type. Titles are case-sensitive, so the entry should match the case used in the file name.
README page-2 page-3 Page-4 Misc content
Set a home page
By default, the first file that appears at the root within alphabetical order is set as the wiki home page. The home page opens whenever you select Wiki within the web portal.
You can change the home page by setting the page sequence within the root .order file.
For example, enter the page name into the first line:
New home page name here page-2 page-3 Page-4 README Misc content
Promote folder to page
For a folder to be a page as well, there should be a Markdown file with the same name as the folder as a sibling to the folder, meaning both the folder and the md file of the same name should lie next to each other.
Displayed in the following example, Test has both a folder and an md file, which creates a hierarchy within the Wiki tree.