Open bugs sample report

Azure DevOps Services | Azure DevOps Server 2019

This article shows you how to display, for a given set of open Bugs, a breakdown by State and Assigned To fields. An example is shown in the following image.

Sample - Boards Open Bugs - Report

Note

This article assumes you've read Overview of Sample Reports using OData Queries and have a basic understanding of Power BI.

Sample queries

You can paste the Power BI query listed below directly into the Get Data->Blank Query window. For more information, review Overview of sample reports using OData queries.

let
   Source = OData.Feed ("https://analytics.dev.azure.com/{organization}/{project}/_odata/v3.0-preview/WorkItems?"
        &"$filter=WorkItemType eq 'Bug' "
            &"and StateCategory ne 'Completed' "
            &"and startswith(Area/AreaPath,'{areapath}') "
        &"&$select=WorkItemId,Title,WorkItemType,State,Priority,Severity,TagNames,AreaSK "
        &"&$expand=AssignedTo($select=UserName),Iteration($select=IterationPath),Area($select=AreaPath) "
    ,null, [Implementation="2.0",OmitValues = ODataOmitValues.Nulls,ODataVersion = 4]) 
in
    Source

Substitution strings

Each query contains the following strings that you must substitute with your values. Do not include brackets {} with your substitution. For example if your organization name is "Fabrikam", replace {organization} with Fabrikam, not {Fabrikam}.

  • {organization} - Your organization name
  • {project} - Your team project name, or omit "/{project}" entirely, for a cross-project query
  • {areapath} - Your Area Path. Example format: Project\Level1\Level2

Query breakdown

The following table describes each part of the query.

Query partDescription
$filter=WorkItemType eq 'Bug' Return Bugs.
and StateCategory ne 'Completed' Filters out items that are completed. For more information on State Categories see How workflow states and state categories are used in Backlogs and Boards.
and startswith(Area/AreaPath,'{areapath}') Work items under a specific Area Path. Replacing with "Area/AreaPath eq '{areapath}'" returns items at a specific Area Path.
To filter by Team Name, use the filter statement Teams/any(x:x/TeamName eq '{teamname})'.
&$select=WorkItemId, Title, WorkItemType, State, Priority, Severity, TagNames Select fields to return.
&$expand=AssignedTo($select=UserName), Iteration($select=IterationPath), Area($select=AreaPath) Expand Assigned To, Iteration, Area entities and select entity fields.

Power BI transforms

Expand Area, Iteration, AssignedTo columns

The query returns several columns that you need to expand before you can use them in Power BI. Any entity pulled in using an OData $expand statement returns a record with potentially several fields. You need to expand the record to flatten the entity into its fields. Examples of such entities are: AssignedTo, Iteration, and Area.

After closing the Advanced Editor and while remaining in the Power Query Editor, select the expand button on the entities you need to flatten.

  1. Choose the expand button.

    Power BI + OData - expanding an entity column

  2. Select the fields to flatten.

    Power BI + OData - expanding an entity column

  3. The table now contains entity field(s).

    Power BI + OData - expanding an entity column

  4. Repeat steps 1 through 3 for all fields representing entities: Area, Iteration, AssignedTo.

Rename fields and query, then Close & Apply

When finished, you may choose to rename columns.

  1. Right-click a column header and select Rename...

    Power BI Rename Columns

  2. You also may want to rename the query from the default Query1, to something more meaningful.

    Power BI Rename Query

  3. Once done, choose Close & Apply to save the query and return to Power BI.

    Power BI Close & Apply

Create the report

Power BI shows you the fields you can report on.

Note

The example below assumes that no one renamed any columns.

Sample - Boards Open Bugs - Fields

For a simple report, perform the following steps:

  1. Select Power BI Visualization Matrix.
  2. Add the field "State" to Columns.
  3. Add the field "AssignedTo.UserName" to Rows.
  4. Add the field "WorkItemId" to Values.
    • Right click "WorkItemId" field and ensure Count is selected.

The example report displays.

Sample - Boards Open Bugs - Report

Pull in data from multiple teams

Oftentimes, you want to aggregate and compare data from multiple teams. If you are pulling in items from multiple teams, consider adding a Team slicer to your report. A Team slicer allows you to filter the existing report by Team Name.

Additional queries

You can use the following additional queries to create different but similar reports using the same steps defined previously in this article.

Filter by Teams, rather than Area Path

You can query for open bugs by Team Name rather than Area Path.

You can paste the Power BI query listed below directly into the Get Data->Blank Query window. For more information, review Overview of sample reports using OData queries.

let
   Source = OData.Feed ("https://analytics.dev.azure.com/{organization}/{project}/_odata/v3.0-preview/WorkItems?"
        &"$filter=WorkItemType eq 'Bug' "
            &"and StateCategory ne 'Completed'' "
            &"and (Teams/any(x:x/TeamName eq '{teamname}) or Teams/any(x:x/TeamName eq '{teamname}) or Teams/any(x:x/TeamName eq '{teamname}) "
        &"&$select=WorkItemId,Title,WorkItemType,State,Priority,Severity,TagNames,AreaSK "
        &"&$expand=AssignedTo($select=UserName),Iteration($select=IterationPath),Area($select=AreaPath) "
    ,null, [Implementation="2.0",OmitValues = ODataOmitValues.Nulls,ODataVersion = 4]) 
in
    Source

User Stories in a specific Iteration

You can query for open bugs by Area Path and a specific Iteration.

You can paste the Power BI query listed below directly into the Get Data->Blank Query window. For more information, review Overview of sample reports using OData queries.

let
   Source = OData.Feed ("https://analytics.dev.azure.com/{account}/{project}/_odata/v3.0-preview/WorkItems?"
        &"$filter=WorkItemType eq 'User Story' "
            &"and startswith(Area/AreaPath,'{areapath}') "
            &"and startswith(Iteration/IterationPath,'{iterationpath}') "
        &"&$select=WorkItemId,Title,WorkItemType,State,Priority,Severity,TagNames,AreaSK "
        &"&$expand=AssignedTo($select=UserName),Iteration($select=IterationPath),Area($select=AreaPath) "
    ,null, [Implementation="2.0",OmitValues = ODataOmitValues.Nulls,ODataVersion = 4]) 
in
    Source

Full list of sample reports