Use asset inventory to manage your resources' security posture
Security Center periodically analyzes the security state of your Azure resources to identify potential security vulnerabilities. It then provides you with recommendations on how to remediate those vulnerabilities. When any resource has outstanding recommendations, they'll appear in the inventory.
Use the asset inventory view and its filters to address such questions as:
- Which of my subscriptions with Azure Defender enabled have outstanding recommendations?
- Which of my machines with the tag 'Production' are missing the Log Analytics agent?
- How many of my machines tagged with a specific tag have outstanding recommendations?
- Which machines in a specific resource group have a known vulnerability (using a CVE number)?
The asset management possibilities for this tool are substantial and continue to grow.
The security recommendations on the asset inventory page are the same as those on the Recommendations page, but here they're shown according to the affected resource. For information about how to resolve recommendations, see Implementing security recommendations in Azure Security Center.
|Release state:||General availability (GA)|
* Some features of the inventory page, such as the software inventory require paid solutions to be in-place
|Required roles and permissions:||All users|
National/Sovereign (Azure Government, Azure China 21Vianet)
What are the key features of asset inventory?
The inventory page provides the following tools:
1 - Summaries
Before you define any filters, a prominent strip of values at the top of the inventory view shows:
- Total resources: The total number of resources connected to Security Center.
- Unhealthy resources: Resources with active security recommendations. Learn more about security recommendations.
- Unmonitored resources: Resources with agent monitoring issues - they have the Log Analytics agent deployed, but the agent isn't sending data or has other health issues.
- Unregistered subscriptions: Any subscription in the selected scope that haven't yet been connected to Azure Security Center.
2 - Filters
The multiple filters at the top of the page provide a way to quickly refine the list of resources according to the question you're trying to answer. For example, if you wanted to answer the question Which of my machines with the tag 'Production' are missing the Log Analytics agent? you could combine the Agent monitoring filter with the Tags filter.
As soon as you've applied filters, the summary values are updated to relate to the query results.
3 - Export and asset management tools
Export options - Inventory includes an option to export the results of your selected filter options to a CSV file. You can also export the query itself to Azure Resource Graph Explorer to further refine, save, or modify the Kusto Query Language (KQL) query.
The KQL documentation provides a database with some sample data together with some simple queries to get the "feel" for the language. Learn more in this KQL tutorial.
Asset management options - Inventory lets you perform complex discovery queries. When you've found the resources that match your queries, inventory provides shortcuts for operations such as:
- Assign tags to the filtered resources - select the checkboxes alongside the resources you want to tag.
- Onboard new servers to Security Center - use the Add non-Azure servers toolbar button.
- Automate workloads with Azure Logic Apps - use the Trigger Logic App button to run a logic app on one or more resources. Your logic apps have to be prepared in advance, and accept the relevant trigger type (HTTP request). Learn more about logic apps.
How does asset inventory work?
Asset inventory utilizes Azure Resource Graph (ARG), an Azure service that provides the ability to query Security Center's security posture data across multiple subscriptions.
ARG is designed to provide efficient resource exploration with the ability to query at scale.
Using the Kusto Query Language (KQL), asset inventory can quickly produce deep insights by cross-referencing ASC data with other resource properties.
How to use asset inventory
From Security Center's sidebar, select Inventory.
Use the Filter by name box to display a specific resource, or use the filters as described below.
Select the relevant options in the filters to create the specific query you want to perform.
By default, the resources are sorted by the number of active security recommendations.
The options in each filter are specific to the resources in the currently selected subscriptions and your selections in the other filters.
For example, if you've selected only one subscription, and the subscription has no resources with outstanding security recommendations to remediate (0 unhealthy resources), the Recommendations filter will have no options.
To use the Security findings contain filter, enter free text from the ID, security check, or CVE name of a vulnerability finding to filter to the affected resources:
The Security findings contain and Tags filters only accept a single value. To filter by more than one, use Add filters.
To use the Azure Defender filter, select one or more options (Off, On, or Partial):
Off - Resources that aren't protected by an Azure Defender plan. You can right-click on any of these and upgrade them:
On - Resources that are protected by an Azure Defender plan
Partial - This applies to subscriptions that have some but not all of the Azure Defender plans disabled. For example, the following subscription has five Azure Defender plans disabled.
To further examine the results of your query, select the resources that interest you.
To view the current selected filter options as a query in Resource Graph Explorer, select Open query.
If you've defined some filters and left the page open, Security Center won't update the results automatically. Any changes to resources won't impact the displayed results unless you manually reload the page or select Refresh.
Access a software inventory
If you've enabled the integration with Microsoft Defender for Endpoint and enabled Azure Defender for servers, you'll have access to the software inventory.
The "Blank" option shows machines without Microsoft Defender for Endpoint (or without Azure Defender for servers).
As well as the filters in the asset inventory page, you can explore the software inventory data from Azure Resource Graph Explorer.
Examples of using Azure Resource Graph Explorer to access and explore software inventory data:
Open Azure Resource Graph Explorer.
Select the following subscription scope: securityresources/softwareinventories
Enter any of the following queries (or customize them or write your own!) and select Run query.
To generate a basic list of installed software:
securityresources | where type == "microsoft.security/softwareinventories" | project id, Vendor=properties.vendor, Software=properties.softwareName, Version=properties.version
To filter by version numbers:
securityresources | where type == "microsoft.security/softwareinventories" | project id, Vendor=properties.vendor, Software=properties.softwareName, Version=tostring(properties. version) | where Software=="windows_server_2019" and parse_version(Version)<=parse_version("10.0.17763.1999")
To find machines with a combination of software products:
securityresources | where type == "microsoft.security/softwareinventories" | extend vmId = properties.azureVmId | where properties.softwareName == "apache_http_server" or properties.softwareName == "mysql" | summarize count() by tostring(vmId) | where count_ > 1
Combination of a software product with another ASC recommendation:
(In this example – machines having MySQL installed and exposed management ports)
securityresources | where type == "microsoft.security/softwareinventories" | extend vmId = tolower(properties.azureVmId) | where properties.softwareName == "mysql" | join ( securityresources | where type == "microsoft.security/assessments" | where properties.displayName == "Management ports should be closed on your virtual machines" and properties.status.code == "Unhealthy" | extend vmId = tolower(properties.resourceDetails.Id) ) on vmId
FAQ - Inventory
Why aren't all of my subscriptions, machines, storage accounts, etc. shown?
The inventory view lists your Security Center connected resources from a Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) perspective. The filters don't return every resource in your environment; only the ones with outstanding (or 'active') recommendations.
For example, the following screenshot shows a user with access to 38 subscriptions but only 10 currently have recommendations. So when they filter by Resource type = Subscriptions, only those 10 subscriptions with active recommendations appear in the inventory:
Why do some of my resources show blank values in the Azure Defender or agent monitoring columns?
Not all Security Center monitored resources have agents. For example, Azure Storage accounts or PaaS resources such as disks, Logic Apps, Data Lake Analysis, and Event Hub.
When pricing or agent monitoring isn't relevant for a resource, nothing will be shown in those columns of inventory.
This article described the asset inventory page of Azure Security Center.
For more information on related tools, see the following pages: