This article answers some frequently asked questions about Microsoft Azure Service Bus. You can also visit the Azure Support FAQ for general Azure pricing and support information.
General questions about Azure Service Bus
What is Azure Service Bus?
Azure Service Bus is an asynchronous messaging cloud platform that enables you to send data between decoupled systems. Microsoft offers this feature as a service, which means that you do not need to host any of your own hardware in order to use it.
What is a Service Bus namespace?
A namespace provides a scoping container for addressing Service Bus resources within your application. Creating one is necessary to use Service Bus and will be one of the first steps in getting started.
What is an Azure Service Bus queue?
A Service Bus queue is an entity in which messages are stored. Queues are particularly useful when you have multiple applications, or multiple parts of a distributed application that need to communicate with each other. The queue is similar to a distribution center in that multiple products (messages) are received and then sent from that location.
What are Azure Service Bus topics and subscriptions?
A topic can be visualized as a queue and when using multiple subscriptions, it becomes a richer messaging model; essentially a one-to-many communication tool. This publish/subscribe model (or pub/sub) enables an application that sends a message to a topic with multiple subscriptions to have that message received by multiple applications.
What is a partitioned entity?
A conventional queue or topic is handled by a single message broker and stored in one messaging store. A partitioned queue or topic is handled by multiple message brokers and stored in multiple messaging stores. This means that the overall throughput of a partitioned queue or topic is no longer limited by the performance of a single message broker or messaging store. In addition, a temporary outage of a messaging store does not render a partitioned queue or topic unavailable.
Note that ordering is not ensured when using partitioning entities. In the event that a partition is unavailable, you can still send and receive messages from the other partitions.
What are some Azure Service Bus best practices?
- Best practices for performance improvements using Service Bus – this article describes how to optimize performance when exchanging messages.
What should I know before creating entities?
The following properties of a queue and topic are immutable. Please take this into account when you provision your entities as this cannot be modified, without creating a new replacement entity.
- Duplicate detection
- Express entity
This section answers some frequently-asked questions about the Service Bus pricing structure.
You can also visit the Azure Support FAQ for general Azure pricing information.
How do you charge for Service Bus?
For complete information about Service Bus pricing, please see Service Bus pricing details. In addition to the prices noted, you are charged for associated data transfers for egress outside of the data center in which your application is provisioned.
What usage of Service Bus is subject to data transfer? What is not?
Any data transfer within a given Azure region is provided at no charge, as well as any inbound data transfer. Data transfer outside a region is subject to egress charges which can be found here.
Does Service Bus charge for storage?
No, Service Bus does not charge for storage. However, there is a quota limiting the maximum amount of data that can be persisted per queue/topic. See the next FAQ.
For a list of Service Bus limits and quotas, see the Service Bus quotas overview.
Does Service Bus have any usage quotas?
By default, for any cloud service Microsoft sets an aggregate monthly usage quota that is calculated across all of a customer's subscriptions. Because we understand that you may need more than these limits, please contact customer service at any time so that we can understand your needs and adjust these limits appropriately. For Service Bus, the aggregate usage quota is 5 billion messages per month.
While we do reserve the right to disable a customer account that has exceeded its usage quotas in a given month, we will provide e-mail notification and make multiple attempts to contact a customer before taking any action. Customers exceeding these quotas will still be responsible for charges that exceed the quotas.
As with other services on Azure, Service Bus enforces a set of specific quotas to ensure that there is fair usage of resources. You can find more details about these quotas in the Service Bus quotas overview.
What are some of the exceptions generated by Azure Service Bus APIs and their suggested actions?
For a list of possible Service Bus exceptions, see Exceptions overview.
What is a Shared Access Signature and which languages support generating a signature?
Shared Access Signatures are an authentication mechanism based on SHA – 256 secure hashes or URIs. For information about how to generate your own signatures in Node, PHP, Java and C#, see the Shared Access Signatures article.
Subscription and namespace management
How do I migrate a namespace to another Azure subscription?
You can move a namespace from one Azure subscription to another, using either the Azure portal or PowerShell commands. In order to execute the operation, the namespace must already be active. The user executing the commands must be an administrator on both the source and target subscriptions.
To use the Azure portal to migrate Service Bus namespaces to another subscription, follow the directions here.
The following sequence of PowerShell commands moves a namespace from one Azure subscription to another. To execute this operation, the namespace must already be active, and the user running the PowerShell commands must be an administrator on both the source and target subscriptions.
# Create a new resource group in target subscription Select-AzureRmSubscription -SubscriptionId 'ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff' New-AzureRmResourceGroup -Name 'targetRG' -Location 'East US' # Move namespace from source subscription to target subscription Select-AzureRmSubscription -SubscriptionId 'aaaaaaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaaaaaaaaaa' $res = Find-AzureRmResource -ResourceNameContains mynamespace -ResourceType 'Microsoft.ServiceBus/namespaces' Move-AzureRmResource -DestinationResourceGroupName 'targetRG' -DestinationSubscriptionId 'ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff' -ResourceId $res.ResourceId
To learn more about Service Bus, see the following topics.