Enable automatic tuning to monitor queries and improve workload performance

Azure SQL Database is an automatically managed data service that constantly monitors your queries and identifies the action that you can perform to improve performance of your workload. You can review recommendations and manually apply them, or let Azure SQL Database automatically apply corrective actions - this is known as automatic tuning mode.

Automatic tuning can be enabled at the server or the database level through the Azure portal, REST API calls and T-SQL commands.

Enable automatic tuning on server

On the server level you can choose to inherit automatic tuning configuration from "Azure Defaults" or not to inherit the configuration. Azure defaults are FORCE_LAST_GOOD_PLAN is enabled, CREATE_INDEX is enabled, and DROP_INDEX is disabled.

Azure portal

To enable automatic tuning on Azure SQL Database logical server, navigate to the server in Azure portal and then select Automatic tuning in the menu.

Server

Note

Please note that DROP_INDEX option at this time is not compatible with applications using partition switching and index hints and should not be enabled in these cases.

Select the automatic tuning options you want to enable and select Apply.

Automatic tuning options on a server are applied to all databases on this server. By default, all databases inherit configuration from their parent server, but this can be overridden and specified for each database individually.

REST API

Find out more about using REST API to enable Automatic tuning on a server, see SQL Server Automatic tuning UPDATE and GET HTTP methods.

Enable automatic tuning on an individual database

The Azure SQL Database enables you to individually specify the automatic tuning configuration for each database. On the database level you can choose to inherit automatic tuning configuration from the parent server, "Azure Defaults" or not to inherit the configuration. Azure Defaults are set to FORCE_LAST_GOOD_PLAN is enabled, CREATE_INDEX is enabled, and DROP_INDEX is disabled.

Note

The general recommendation is to manage the automatic tuning configuration at server level so the same configuration settings can be applied on every database automatically. Configure automatic tuning on an individual database only if you need that database to have different settings than others inheriting settings from the same server.

Azure portal

To enable automatic tuning on a single database, navigate to the database in Azure portal and select Automatic tuning.

Individual automatic tuning settings can be separately configured for each database. You can manually configure an individual automatic tuning option, or specify that an option inherits its settings from the server.

Database

Please note that DROP_INDEX option at this time is not compatible with applications using partition switching and index hints and should not be enabled in these cases.

Once you have selected your desired configuration, click Apply.

Rest API

Find out more about using REST API to enable Automatic tuning on a single database, see SQL Database Automatic tuning UPDATE and GET HTTP methods.

T-SQL

To enable automatic tuning on a single database via T-SQL, connect to the database and execute the following query:

ALTER DATABASE current SET AUTOMATIC_TUNING = AUTO | INHERIT | CUSTOM

Setting automatic tuning to AUTO will apply Azure Defaults. Setting it to INHERIT, automatic tuning configuration will be inherited from the parent server. Choosing CUSTOM, you will need to manually configure automatic tuning.

To configure individual automatic tuning options via T-SQL, connect to the database and execute the query such as this one:

ALTER DATABASE current SET AUTOMATIC_TUNING (FORCE_LAST_GOOD_PLAN = ON, CREATE_INDEX = DEFAULT, DROP_INDEX = OFF)

Setting the individual tuning option to ON, will override any setting that database inherited and enable the tuning option. Setting it to OFF, will also override any setting that database inherited and disable the tuning option. Automatic tuning option, for which DEFAULT is specified, will inherit the configuration from the database level automatic tuning setting.

Find our more abut T-SQL options to configure Automatic tuning, see ALTER DATABASE SET Options (Transact-SQL) for SQL Database logical server.

Disabled by the system

Automatic tuning is monitoring all the actions it takes on the database and in some cases it can determine that automatic tuning can't properly work on the database. In this situation, tuning option will be disabled by the system. In most cases this happens because Query Store is not enabled or it's in read-only state on a specific database.

Configure automatic tuning e-mail notifications

See Automatic tuning e-mail notifications guide.

Next steps