Rehydrate blob data from the archive tier
While a blob is in the archive access tier, it's considered offline and can't be read or modified. The blob metadata remains online and available, allowing you to list the blob and its properties. Reading and modifying blob data is only available with online tiers such as hot or cool. There are two options to retrieve and access data stored in the archive access tier.
- Rehydrate an archived blob to an online tier - Rehydrate an archived blob to hot or cool by changing its tier using the Set Blob Tier operation.
- Copy an archived blob to an online tier - Create a new copy of an archived blob by using the Copy Blob operation. Specify a different blob name and a destination tier of hot or cool.
For more information on tiers, see Azure Blob storage: hot, cool, and archive access tiers.
Rehydrate an archived blob to an online tier
To read data in archive storage, you must first change the tier of the blob to hot or cool. This process is known as rehydration and can take hours to complete. We recommend large blob sizes for optimal rehydration performance. Rehydrating several small blobs concurrently may add additional time. There are currently two rehydrate priorities, High (preview) and Standard, which can be set via the optional x-ms-rehydrate-priority property on a Set Blob Tier or Copy Blob operation.
- Standard priority: The rehydration request will be processed in the order it was received and may take up to 15 hours.
- High priority (preview): The rehydration request will be prioritized over Standard requests and may finish in under 1 hour. High priority may take longer than 1 hour, depending on blob size and current demand. High priority requests are guaranteed to be prioritized over Standard priority requests.
Standard priority is the default rehydration option for archive. High priority is a faster option that will cost more than Standard priority rehydration and is usually reserved for use in emergency data restoration situations.
During rehydration, you may check the Archive Status blob property to confirm if the tier has changed. The status reads "rehydrate-pending-to-hot" or "rehydrate-pending-to-cool" depending on the destination tier. Upon completion, the archive status property is removed, and the Access Tier blob property reflects the new hot or cool tier.
Copy an archived blob to an online tier
If you don't want to rehydrate a blob, you can choose a Copy Blob operation. Your original blob will remain unmodified in archive while you work on the new blob in the hot or cool tier. You can set the optional x-ms-rehydrate-priority property to Standard or High (preview) when using the copy process.
Archive blobs can only be copied to online destination tiers. Copying an archive blob to another archive blob isn't supported.
Copying a blob from Archive takes time. Behind the scenes, the Copy Blob operation temporarily rehydrates your archive source blob to create a new online blob in the destination tier. This new blob is not available until the temporary rehydration from archive is complete and the data is written to the new blob.
Pricing and billing
Rehydrating blobs out of archive into hot or cool tiers are charged as read operations and data retrieval. Using High priority (preview) has higher operation and data retrieval costs compared to standard priority. High-priority rehydration shows up as a separate line item on your bill. If a high-priority request to return an archive blob of a few gigabytes takes over 5 hours, you won't be charged the high-priority retrieval rate. However, standard retrieval rates still apply.
Copying blobs from archive into hot or cool tiers are charged as read operations and data retrieval. A write operation is charged for the creation of the new copy. Early deletion fees don't apply when you copy to an online blob because the source blob remains unmodified in the archive tier. High priority charges do apply.
Blobs in the archive tier should be stored for a minimum of 180 days. Deleting or rehydrating archived blobs before 180 days will incur early deletion fees.