Attach a data disk to a Windows VM with PowerShell

This article shows you how to attach both new and existing disks to a Windows virtual machine by using PowerShell.

First, review these tips:

This article uses PowerShell within the Azure Cloud Shell, which is constantly updated to the latest version. To open the Cloud Shell, select Try it from the top of any code block.

Add an empty data disk to a virtual machine

This example shows how to add an empty data disk to an existing virtual machine.

Using managed disks

$rgName = 'myResourceGroup'
$vmName = 'myVM'
$location = 'East US' 
$storageType = 'Premium_LRS'
$dataDiskName = $vmName + '_datadisk1'

$diskConfig = New-AzDiskConfig -SkuName $storageType -Location $location -CreateOption Empty -DiskSizeGB 128
$dataDisk1 = New-AzDisk -DiskName $dataDiskName -Disk $diskConfig -ResourceGroupName $rgName

$vm = Get-AzVM -Name $vmName -ResourceGroupName $rgName 
$vm = Add-AzVMDataDisk -VM $vm -Name $dataDiskName -CreateOption Attach -ManagedDiskId $dataDisk1.Id -Lun 1

Update-AzVM -VM $vm -ResourceGroupName $rgName

Using managed disks in an Availability Zone

To create a disk in an Availability Zone, use New-AzDiskConfig with the -Zone parameter. The following example creates a disk in zone 1.

$rgName = 'myResourceGroup'
$vmName = 'myVM'
$location = 'East US 2'
$storageType = 'Premium_LRS'
$dataDiskName = $vmName + '_datadisk1'

$diskConfig = New-AzDiskConfig -SkuName $storageType -Location $location -CreateOption Empty -DiskSizeGB 128 -Zone 1
$dataDisk1 = New-AzDisk -DiskName $dataDiskName -Disk $diskConfig -ResourceGroupName $rgName

$vm = Get-AzVM -Name $vmName -ResourceGroupName $rgName 
$vm = Add-AzVMDataDisk -VM $vm -Name $dataDiskName -CreateOption Attach -ManagedDiskId $dataDisk1.Id -Lun 1

Update-AzVM -VM $vm -ResourceGroupName $rgName

Initialize the disk

After you add an empty disk, you'll need to initialize it. To initialize the disk, you can sign in to a VM and use disk management. If you enabled WinRM and a certificate on the VM when you created it, you can use remote PowerShell to initialize the disk. You can also use a custom script extension:

    $location = "location-name"
    $scriptName = "script-name"
    $fileName = "script-file-name"
    Set-AzVMCustomScriptExtension -ResourceGroupName $rgName -Location $locName -VMName $vmName -Name $scriptName -TypeHandlerVersion "1.4" -StorageAccountName "mystore1" -StorageAccountKey "primary-key" -FileName $fileName -ContainerName "scripts"

The script file can contain code to initialize the disks, for example:

    $disks = Get-Disk | Where partitionstyle -eq 'raw' | sort number

    $letters = 70..89 | ForEach-Object { [char]$_ }
    $count = 0
    $labels = "data1","data2"

    foreach ($disk in $disks) {
        $driveLetter = $letters[$count].ToString()
        $disk | 
        Initialize-Disk -PartitionStyle MBR -PassThru |
        New-Partition -UseMaximumSize -DriveLetter $driveLetter |
        Format-Volume -FileSystem NTFS -NewFileSystemLabel $labels[$count] -Confirm:$false -Force
	$count++
    }

Attach an existing data disk to a VM

You can attach an existing managed disk to a VM as a data disk.

$rgName = "myResourceGroup"
$vmName = "myVM"
$location = "East US" 
$dataDiskName = "myDisk"
$disk = Get-AzDisk -ResourceGroupName $rgName -DiskName $dataDiskName 

$vm = Get-AzVM -Name $vmName -ResourceGroupName $rgName 

$vm = Add-AzVMDataDisk -CreateOption Attach -Lun 0 -VM $vm -ManagedDiskId $disk.Id

Update-AzVM -VM $vm -ResourceGroupName $rgName

Next steps

You can also deploy managed disks using templates. For more information, see Using Managed Disks in Azure Resource Manager Templates or the quickstart template for deploying multiple data disks.