How to connect and log on to an Azure virtual machine running Windows
You'll use the Connect button in the Azure portal to start a Remote Desktop (RDP) session from a Windows desktop. First you connect to the virtual machine, and then you log on.
To connect to a Windows VM from a Mac, you will need to install an RDP client for Mac such as Microsoft Remote Desktop.
Connect to the virtual machine
- If you haven't already done so, sign in to the Azure portal.
- On the left menu, select Virtual Machines.
- Select the virtual machine from the list.
- On the top of the page for the virtual machine, select Connect.
- On the Connect to virtual machine page, select the appropriate options and select Download RDP file.
- Open the downloaded RDP file and select Connect when prompted.
You will get a warning that the .rdp file is from an unknown publisher. This is expected. In the Remote Desktop Connection window, select Connect to continue.
In the Windows Security window, select More choices and then Use a different account. Enter the credentials for an account on the virtual machine and then select OK.
Local account: This is usually the local account user name and password that you specified when you created the virtual machine. In this case, the domain is the name of the virtual machine and it is entered as vmname\username.
Domain joined VM: If the VM belongs to a domain, enter the user name in the format Domain\Username. The account also needs to either be in the Administrators group or have been granted remote access privileges to the VM.
Domain controller: If the VM is a domain controller, enter the user name and password of a domain administrator account for that domain.
Select Yes to verify the identity of the virtual machine and finish logging on.
If the Connect button in the portal is grayed-out and you are not connected to Azure via an Express Route or Site-to-Site VPN connection, you will need to create and assign your VM a public IP address before you can use RDP. For more information, see Public IP addresses in Azure.
Connect to the virtual machine using PowerShell
If you are using PowerShell and have the AzureRM module installed you may also connect using the
Get-AzureRmRemoteDesktopFile cmdlet, as shown below.
This example will immediately launch the RDP connection, taking you through similar prompts as above.
Get-AzureRmRemoteDesktopFile -ResourceGroupName "RgName" -Name "VmName" -Launch
You may also save the RDP file for future use.
Get-AzureRmRemoteDesktopFile -ResourceGroupName "RgName" -Name "VmName" -LocalPath "C:\Path\to\folder"
If you have difficulty connecting, see Troubleshoot Remote Desktop connections.