Create and install VPN client configuration files for native Azure certificate authentication P2S configurations
VPN client configuration files are contained in a zip file. Configuration files provide the settings required for a native Windows, Mac IKEv2 VPN, or Linux clients to connect to a VNet over Point-to-Site connections that use native Azure certificate authentication.
Client configuration files are specific to the VPN configuration for the VNet. If there are any changes to the Point-to-Site VPN configuration after you generate the VPN client configuration files, such as the VPN protocol type or authentication type, be sure to generate new VPN client configuration files for your user devices.
- For more information about Point-to-Site connections, see About Point-to-Site VPN.
- For OpenVPN instructions, see Configure OpenVPN for P2S and Configure OpenVPN clients.
Starting July 1, 2018, support is being removed for TLS 1.0 and 1.1 from Azure VPN Gateway. VPN Gateway will support only TLS 1.2. Only point-to-site connections are impacted; site-to-site connections will not be affected. If you’re using TLS for point-to-site VPNs on Windows 10 clients, you don’t need to take any action. If you are using TLS for point-to-site connections on Windows 7 and Windows 8 clients, see the VPN Gateway FAQ for update instructions.
Generate VPN client configuration files
Before you begin, make sure that all connecting users have a valid certificate installed on the user's device. For more information about installing a client certificate, see Install a client certificate.
You can generate client configuration files using PowerShell, or by using the Azure portal. Either method returns the same zip file. Unzip the file to view the following folders:
- WindowsAmd64 and WindowsX86, which contain the Windows 32-bit and 64-bit installer packages, respectively. The WindowsAmd64 installer package is for all supported 64-bit Windows clients, not just Amd.
- Generic, which contains general information used to create your own VPN client configuration. The Generic folder is provided if IKEv2 or SSTP+IKEv2 was configured on the gateway. If only SSTP is configured, then the Generic folder is not present.
Generate files using the Azure portal
- In the Azure portal, navigate to the virtual network gateway for the virtual network that you want to connect to.
- On the virtual network gateway page, click Point-to-site configuration.
- At the top of the Point-to-site configuration page, click Download VPN client. It takes a few minutes for the client configuration package to generate.
- Your browser indicates that a client configuration zip file is available. It is named the same name as your gateway. Unzip the file to view the folders.
Generate files using PowerShell
This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December 2020. To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. For Az module installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.
When generating VPN client configuration files, the value for '-AuthenticationMethod' is 'EapTls'. Generate the VPN client configuration files using the following command:
$profile=New-AzVpnClientConfiguration -ResourceGroupName "TestRG" -Name "VNet1GW" -AuthenticationMethod "EapTls" $profile.VPNProfileSASUrl
Copy the URL to your browser to download the zip file, then unzip the file to view the folders.
You can use the same VPN client configuration package on each Windows client computer, as long as the version matches the architecture for the client. For the list of client operating systems that are supported, see the Point-to-Site section of the VPN Gateway FAQ.
You must have Administrator rights on the Windows client computer from which you want to connect.
Use the following steps to configure the native Windows VPN client for certificate authentication:
- Select the VPN client configuration files that correspond to the architecture of the Windows computer. For a 64-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupAmd64' installer package. For a 32-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupX86' installer package.
- Double-click the package to install it. If you see a SmartScreen popup, click More info, then Run anyway.
- On the client computer, navigate to Network Settings and click VPN. The VPN connection shows the name of the virtual network that it connects to.
- Before you attempt to connect, verify that you have installed a client certificate on the client computer. A client certificate is required for authentication when using the native Azure certificate authentication type. For more information about generating certificates, see Generate Certificates. For information about how to install a client certificate, see Install a client certificate.
Mac (OS X)
You have to manually configure the native IKEv2 VPN client on every Mac that will connect to Azure. Azure does not provide mobileconfig file for native Azure certificate authentication. The Generic contains all of the information that you need for configuration. If you don't see the Generic folder in your download, it's likely that IKEv2 was not selected as a tunnel type. Note that the VPN gateway Basic SKU does not support IKEv2. Once IKEv2 is selected, generate the zip file again to retrieve the Generic folder.
The Generic folder contains the following files:
- VpnSettings.xml, which contains important settings like server address and tunnel type.
- VpnServerRoot.cer, which contains the root certificate required to validate the Azure VPN Gateway during P2S connection setup.
Use the following steps to configure the native VPN client on Mac for certificate authentication. You have to complete these steps on every Mac that will connect to Azure:
Import the VpnServerRoot root certificate to your Mac. This can be done by copying the file over to your Mac and double-clicking on it. Click Add to import.
Double-clicking on the certificate may not display the Add dialog, but the certificate is installed in the correct store. You can check for the certificate in the login keychain under the certificates category.
Verify that you have installed a client certificate that was issued by the root certificate that you uploaded to Azure when you configured you P2S settings. This is different from the VPNServerRoot that you installed in the previous step. The client certificate is used for authentication and is required. For more information about generating certificates, see Generate Certificates. For information about how to install a client certificate, see Install a client certificate.
Open the Network dialog under Network Preferences and click '+' to create a new VPN client connection profile for a P2S connection to the Azure VNet.
The Interface value is 'VPN' and VPN Type value is 'IKEv2'. Specify a name for the profile in the Service Name field, then click Create to create the VPN client connection profile.
In the Generic folder, from the VpnSettings.xml file, copy the VpnServer tag value. Paste this value in the Server Address and Remote ID fields of the profile.
Click Authentication Settings and select Certificate.
Click Select… to choose the client certificate that you want to use for authentication. This is the certificate that you installed in Step 2.
Choose An Identity displays a list of certificates for you to choose from. Select the proper certificate, then click Continue.
In the Local ID field, specify the name of the certificate (from Step 6). In this example, it is "ikev2Client.com". Then, click Apply button to save the changes.
On the Network dialog, click Apply to save all changes. Then, click Connect to start the P2S connection to the Azure VNet.
Linux (strongSwan GUI)
Extract the key and certificate
For strongSwan, you need to extract the key and the cert from the client certificate (.pfx file) and save them to individual .pem files. Follow the steps below:
Download and install OpenSSL from OpenSSL.
Open a command-line window and change to the directory where you installed OpenSSL, for example, 'c:\OpenSLL-Win64\bin'.
Run the following command to extract the private key and save it to a new file called 'privatekey.pem' from your client certificate:
C:\ OpenSLL-Win64\bin> openssl pkcs12 -in clientcert.pfx -nocerts -out privatekey.pem -nodes
Now run the following command to extract the public cert and save it to a new file:
C:\ OpenSLL-Win64\bin> openssl pkcs12 -in clientcert.pfx -nokeys -out publiccert.pem -nodes
Install and configure
The following instructions were created through strongSwan 5.5.1 on Ubuntu 17.0.4. Ubuntu 16.0.10 does not support strongSwan GUI. If you want to use Ubuntu 16.0.10, you will have to use the command line. The examples below may not match screens that you see, depending on your version of Linux and strongSwan.
Open the Terminal to install strongSwan and its Network Manager by running the command in the example. If you receive an error that's related to libcharon-extra-plugins, replace it with 'strongswan-plugin-eap-mschapv2'.
sudo apt-get install strongswan libcharon-extra-plugins moreutils iptables-persistent network-manager-strongswan
Select the Network Manager icon (up-arrow/down-arrow), then select Edit Connections.
Click the Add button to create a new connection.
Select IPsec/IKEv2 (strongswan) from the drop-down menu, and then click Create. You can rename your connection in this step.
Open the VpnSettings.xml file from the Generic folder contained in the downloaded client configuration files. Find the tag called VpnServer and copy the name, beginning with 'azuregateway' and ending with '.cloudapp.net'.
Paste this name into the Address field of your new VPN connection in the Gateway section. Next, select the folder icon at the end of the Certificate field, browse to the Generic folder, and select the VpnServerRoot file.
In the Client section of the connection, for Authentication, select Certificate/private key. For Certificate and Private key, choose the certificate and the private key that were created earlier. In Options, select Request an inner IP address. Then, click Add.
Click the Network Manager icon (up-arrow/down-arrow) and hover over VPN Connections. You see the VPN connection that you created. Click to initiate the connection.
Linux (strongSwan CLI)
You can use the following CLI commands, or use the strongSwan steps in the GUI to install strongSwan.
apt-get install strongswan-ikev2 strongswan-plugin-eap-tls
apt-get install libstrongswan-standard-plugins
Install and configure
Download the VPNClient package from Azure portal.
Extract the File.
From the Generic folder, copy or move the VpnServerRoot.cer to /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts.
Copy or move cp client.p12 to /etc/ipsec.d/private/. This file is client certificate for Azure VPN Gateway.
Open VpnSettings.xml file and copy the
<VpnServer>value. You will use this value in the next step.
Adjust the values in the example below, then add the example to the /etc/ipsec.conf configuration.
conn azure keyexchange=ikev2 type=tunnel leftfirewall=yes left=%any leftauth=eap-tls leftid=%client # use the DNS alternative name prefixed with the % right= Enter the VPN Server value here# Azure VPN gateway address rightid=% # Enter the VPN Server value here# Azure VPN gateway FQDN with % rightsubnet=0.0.0.0/0 leftsourceip=%config auto=add
Add the following to /etc/ipsec.secrets.
: P12 client.p12 'password' # key filename inside /etc/ipsec.d/private directory
Run the following commands:
# ipsec restart # ipsec up azure
Return to the article to complete your P2S configuration.
To troubleshoot P2S connections, see the following articles:
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