Configure a Web Application Firewall policy using Azure PowerShell

Azure Web Application Firewall (WAF) policy defines inspections required when a request arrives at Front Door. This article shows how to configure a WAF policy that consists of some custom rules and with Azure-managed Default Rule Set enabled.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.


Before you begin to set up a rate limit policy, set up your PowerShell environment and create a Front Door profile.

Set up your PowerShell environment

Azure PowerShell provides a set of cmdlets that use the Azure Resource Manager model for managing your Azure resources.

You can install Azure PowerShell on your local machine and use it in any PowerShell session. Follow the instructions on the page, to sign in with your Azure credentials, and install Az PowerShell module.

Sign in to Azure


Before install Front Door module, make sure you have the current version of PowerShellGet installed. Run below command and reopen PowerShell.

Install-Module PowerShellGet -Force -AllowClobber

Install Az.FrontDoor module

Install-Module -Name Az.FrontDoor

Create a Front Door profile

Create a Front Door profile by following the instructions described in Quickstart: Create a Front Door profile

Custom rule based on http parameters

The following example shows how to configure a custom rule with two match conditions using New-AzFrontDoorWafMatchConditionObject. Requests are from a specified site as defined by referrer, and query string doesn't contain "password".

$referer = New-AzFrontDoorWafMatchConditionObject -MatchVariable RequestHeader -OperatorProperty Equal -Selector "Referer" -MatchValue ""
$password = New-AzFrontDoorWafMatchConditionObject -MatchVariable QueryString -OperatorProperty Contains -MatchValue "password"
$AllowFromTrustedSites = New-AzFrontDoorWafCustomRuleObject -Name "AllowFromTrustedSites" -RuleType MatchRule -MatchCondition $referer,$password -Action Allow -Priority 1

Custom rule based on http request method

Create a rule blocking "PUT" method using New-AzFrontDoorWafCustomRuleObject as follows:

$put = New-AzFrontDoorWafMatchConditionObject -MatchVariable RequestMethod -OperatorProperty Equal -MatchValue PUT
$BlockPUT = New-AzFrontDoorWafCustomRuleObject -Name "BlockPUT" -RuleType MatchRule -MatchCondition $put -Action Block -Priority 2

Create a custom rule based on size constraint

The following example creates a rule blocking requests with Url that is longer than 100 characters using Azure PowerShell:

$url = New-AzFrontDoorWafMatchConditionObject -MatchVariable RequestUri -OperatorProperty GreaterThanOrEqual -MatchValue 100
$URLOver100 = New-AzFrontDoorWafCustomRuleObject -Name "URLOver100" -RuleType MatchRule -MatchCondition $url -Action Block -Priority 3

Add managed Default Rule Set

The following example creates a managed Default Rule Set using Azure PowerShell:

$managedRules =  New-AzFrontDoorWafManagedRuleObject -Type DefaultRuleSet -Version 1.0

Configure a security policy

Find the name of the resource group that contains the Front Door profile using Get-AzResourceGroup. Next, configure a security policy with created rules in the previous steps using New-AzFrontDoorWafPolicy in the specified resource group that contains the Front Door profile.

$myWAFPolicy=New-AzFrontDoorWafPolicy -Name $policyName -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -Customrule $AllowFromTrustedSites,$BlockPUT,$URLOver100 -ManagedRule $managedRules -EnabledState Enabled -Mode Prevention

Link the security policy object to an existing Front Door front-end host and update Front Door properties. First, retrieve the Front Door object using Get-AzFrontDoor. Next, set the front-end WebApplicationFirewallPolicyLink property to the resourceId of the "$myWAFPolicy$" created in the previous step using Set-AzFrontDoor.

The below example uses the Resource Group name myResourceGroupFD1 with the assumption that you've created the Front Door profile using instructions provided in the Quickstart: Create a Front Door article. Also, in the below example, replace $frontDoorName with the name of your Front Door profile.

   $FrontDoorObjectExample = Get-AzFrontDoor `
     -ResourceGroupName myResourceGroupFD1 `
     -Name $frontDoorName
   $FrontDoorObjectExample[0].FrontendEndpoints[0].WebApplicationFirewallPolicyLink = $myWAFPolicy.Id
   Set-AzFrontDoor -InputObject $FrontDoorObjectExample[0]


You only need to set WebApplicationFirewallPolicyLink property once to link a security policy to a Front Door front-end. Subsequent policy updates are automatically applied to the front-end.

Next steps