Authentication With the SDKs

This article covers authentication and basic service calls with the Bing Ads SDKs.

Configuring Sandbox

The SDK uses the production environment by default. With the .NET and Java SDKs you can change it to sandbox with a global configuration. Whereas the global configuration is not available with PHP and Python SDKs you could create a global configuration or other custom solution.

// Set the BingAdsEnvironment key to Sandbox within the <appSettings> node 
// of your project root's Web.config file (for web apps) or App.config file (for native apps).
<add key="BingAdsEnvironment" value ="Sandbox"/>
// Create a new text file named bingads.properties within your project source root directory 
// e.g. **ProjectName\src\bingads.properties** and add only the following text. 
// If the sandbox environment setting is malformed or missing, the default environment is production.
environment=Sandbox

You can also set the API environment parameter of individual Bulk Service Manager, Service Client, and Reporting Service Manager instances. Setting the apiEnvironment overrides the global setting only for the specified service client instance or instances. Unless otherwise intended, you should be careful not to inadvertently configure a mixed set of environments.

Note

The BulkServiceManager and ReportingServiceManager are available with the .NET, Java, and Python SDKs.

BulkServiceManager BulkService = new BulkServiceManager(authorizationData, ApiEnvironment.Sandbox);

ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService> Service = new ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService>(authorizationData, ApiEnvironment.Sandbox);
    
ReportingServiceManager ReportingService = new ReportingServiceManager(authorizationData, ApiEnvironment.Sandbox);
BulkServiceManager BulkService = new BulkServiceManager(authorizationData, ApiEnvironment.SANDBOX);

ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService> CustomerService = 
    new ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService>(
        authorizationData,
        ApiEnvironment.SANDBOX,
        ICustomerManagementService.class
    );
    
ReportingServiceManager ReportingService = new ReportingServiceManager(authorizationData, ApiEnvironment.SANDBOX);
$customerProxy = new ServiceClient(ServiceClientType::CustomerManagementVersion12, $authorizationData, ApiEnvironment::Sandbox);
# Set the environment property of each ServiceClient instance to 'sandbox' (not case sensitive). 
# If the sandbox environment setting is malformed or missing, the default environment is production.
# Once the environment is initialized you may not reset it for the service client instance. 
# To switch between sandbox and production, you must create a new service client instance.

bulk_service_manager = BulkServiceManager(
    authorization_data=authorization_data, 
    version = 12,
    poll_interval_in_milliseconds = 5000, 
    environment = 'sandbox',
)

customer_service = ServiceClient(
    'CustomerManagementService', 
    version = 12,
    authorization_data=authorization_data, 
    environment = 'sandbox',
)

reporting_service_manager = ReportingServiceManager(
    authorization_data=authorization_data, 
    version = 12,
    poll_interval_in_milliseconds = 5000, 
    environment = 'sandbox',
)

Using OAuth

Bing Ads SDKs support the standard OAuth 2.0 flow as defined in detail in the The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework.The OAuth classes in the SDK abstract the low level user authorization details such as formatting the authorization and redirect URIs, setting the request headers, and parsing the redirect traffic and response stream. To use OAuth with the Bing Ads .NET SDK, the Authentication property of your AuthorizationData object must be set to an Authentication-derived class such as OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant, OAuthDesktopMobileAuthCodeGrant or OAuthDesktopMobileImplicitGrant.

For repeat or long term authentication, you should follow the authorization code grant flow for obtaining an access token. The steps below follow the authorization code grant flow. For more information both about authorization code and implicit grant flows, see the Authentication with OAuth guide.

  1. Create an instance of OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant, that will be used to manage Microsoft Account user authorization. Replace client ID, client secret, and redirection URI with the values configured in Registering Your Application.

    var oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant = new OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant(ClientId, ClientSecret, new Uri(RedirectionUri), ApiEnvironment);
    
    // It is recommended that you specify a non guessable 'state' request parameter to help prevent
    // cross site request forgery (CSRF). 
    oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.State = "ClientStateGoesHere";
    
    OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant = new OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant(ClientId, ClientSecret, new URL(RedirectionUri), ApiEnvironment);
    
    // It is recommended that you specify a non guessable 'state' request parameter to help prevent
    // cross site request forgery (CSRF). 
    oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.setState("ClientStateGoesHere");
    
    // Prepare the OAuth object for use with the authorization code grant flow. 
    // It is recommended that you specify a non guessable 'state' request parameter to help prevent
    // cross site request forgery (CSRF). 
    $authentication = (new OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant())
        ->withClientId(ClientId)
        ->withClientSecret(ClientSecret)
        ->withEnvironment(ApiEnvironment)
        ->withRedirectUri('https://' . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . RedirectUri)
        ->withState(rand(0,999999999)); 
    
    // Assign this authentication instance to the global authorization_data. 
    
    $_SESSION['AuthorizationData'] = (new AuthorizationData())
        ->withAuthentication($authentication)
        ->withDeveloperToken(AuthHelper::DeveloperToken);
    
    $_SESSION['state'] = $_SESSION['AuthorizationData']->Authentication->State;
    
    oauth_web_auth_code_grant = OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant(
        client_id=CLIENT_ID,
        client_secret=CLIENT_SECRET,
        env=ENVIRONMENT,
        redirection_uri=REDIRECTION_URI
    )
    
    # It is recommended that you specify a non guessable 'state' request parameter to help prevent
    # cross site request forgery (CSRF). 
    oauth_web_auth_code_grant.state="ClientStateGoesHere"
    
  2. Request user consent by connecting to the Microsoft Account authorization endpoint through a web browser control. Call the GetAuthorizationEndpoint method of the OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant instance that you created in the earlier step.

    return Redirect(oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.GetAuthorizationEndpoint().ToString());
    
    URL authorizationEndpoint = oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.getAuthorizationEndpoint();
    response.sendRedirect(authorizationEndpoint.toString());
    
    // The user needs to provide consent for the application to access their Bing Ads accounts.
    header('Location: '. $_SESSION['AuthorizationData']->Authentication->GetAuthorizationEndpoint());
    
    oauth_web_auth_code_grant.get_authorization_endpoint()
    

    The user will be prompted through the Microsoft Account authorization web browser control to grant permissions for your application to manage their Bing Ads accounts.

    The authorization service calls back to your application with the redirection URI, which includes an authorization code if the user authorized your application to manage their Bing Ads accounts. For example the callback Url includes an authorization code as follows if the user granted permissions for your application to manage their Bing Ads accounts: https://contoso.com/redirect/?code=CODE&state=ClientStateGoesHere. If the user granted your application permissions to manage their Bing Ads accounts, you should use the code right away in the next step. The short duration of the authorization code, approximately 5 minutes, is subject to change.

    If the user denied your application permissions to manage their Bing Ads accounts, the callback URI includes an error and error description field as follows: REDIRECTURI?error=access_denied&error_description=ERROR_DESCRIPTION&state=ClientStateGoesHere.

  3. Use the authorization code to request the access token and refresh token. Pass the full callback URI when using the OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant instance to request the access token and refresh token.

    if (Request["code"] != null)
    {
        await oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.RequestAccessAndRefreshTokensAsync(Request.Url);
    }
    
    if (request.getParameter("code") != null)
    {
        oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.requestAccessAndRefreshTokens(new URL(request.getRequestURL() + "?" + request.getQueryString()));
    }
    
    if($_GET['code'] != null)
    {   
        $_SESSION['AuthorizationData']->Authentication->RequestOAuthTokensByResponseUri($_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
    
        header('Location: '. '/CallBingAdsServices.php');
    }
    
    oauth_web_auth_code_grant.request_oauth_tokens_by_response_uri(RESPONSE_URI)
    oauth_tokens = oauth_web_auth_code_grant.oauth_tokens
    access_token = oauth_tokens.access_token
    

    If this step succeeded, your application has permissions to manage the user's Bing Ads accounts. To call Bing Ads services, you should initialize either Service Client, Bulk Service Manager, or Reporting Service Manager with AuthorizationData that contains your OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant instance.

    For more information, see Using AuthorizationData, Using Service Client, Using BulkServiceManager, and Using ReportingServiceManager.

    Note

    The BulkServiceManager and ReportingServiceManager are available with the .NET, Java, and Python SDKs.

  4. When calling Bing Ads services with Service Client, Bulk Service Manager, or Reporting Service Manager, it is important to save the most recent refresh token whenever new OAuth tokens are received.

    // If you already have a refresh token, use it to request new access and refresh tokens.
    
    if (GetRefreshToken(out refreshToken))
    {
        oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.RequestAccessAndRefreshTokensAsync(refreshToken);
    }
    
    // When calling Bing Ads services with Service Client, Bulk Service Manager, or Reporting Service Manager, 
    // each instance will refresh your access token automatically if they detect the AuthenticationTokenExpired (109) error code. 
    // It is important to save the most recent refresh token whenever new OAuth tokens are received. 
    // You will want to subscribe to the NewOAuthTokensReceived event handler.
    
    oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.NewOAuthTokensReceived += 
        (sender, args) => SaveRefreshToken(args.NewRefreshToken);
    
    // If you already have a refresh token, use it to request new access and refresh tokens.
    
    if (refreshToken != null)
    {
        oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.requestAccessAndRefreshTokens(refreshToken);
    }
    
    // When calling Bing Ads services with Service Client, Bulk Service Manager, or Reporting Service Manager, 
    // each instance will refresh your access token automatically if they detect the AuthenticationTokenExpired (109) error code. 
    // It is important to save the most recent refresh token whenever new OAuth tokens are received. 
    // You will want to implement event handling using the NewOAuthTokensReceivedListener.
    
    oAuthWebAuthCodeGrant.setNewTokensListener(new NewOAuthTokensReceivedListener() {
        @Override
        public void onNewOAuthTokensReceived(OAuthTokens newTokens) {
               saveRefreshToken(newTokens.getRefreshToken());
        }
    });
    
    // If you already have a refresh token, use it to request new access and refresh tokens.
    $_SESSION['AuthorizationData']->Authentication->RequestOAuthTokensByRefreshToken($refreshToken);
    
    # When calling Bing Ads services with Service Client, Bulk Service Manager, or Reporting Service Manager, 
    # each instance will refresh your access token automatically if they detect the AuthenticationTokenExpired (109) error code. 
    # It is important to save the most recent refresh token whenever new OAuth tokens are received. 
    # You will want to register a callback function to automatically save the refresh token anytime it is refreshed. 
    # For example if you defined have a save_refresh_token() method that securely stores your refresh token, 
    # set the authentication token_refreshed_callback property of each OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant instance.
    
    oauth_web_auth_code_grant.token_refreshed_callback=save_refresh_token
    
    # If you already have a refresh token, use it to request new access and refresh tokens.
    
    if refresh_token is not None:
        oauth_web_auth_code_grant.request_oauth_tokens_by_refresh_token(refresh_token)
    

    Important

    A refresh token can last up to 90 days. Regardless, you should expect to start again from Step 1 and request user consent if, for example the Microsoft Account user changed their password, removed a device from their list of trusted devices, or removed permissions for your application to authenticate on their behalf.

Using AuthorizationData

The AuthorizationData class contains properties that Bing Ads uses to authorize a user. The Service Client, Bulk Service Manager and Reporting Service Manager classes handle common request header fields for you, allowing you to specify the Authentication, CustomerId, AccountId, and DeveloperToken properties in the AuthorizationData object once for each service.

Note

The BulkServiceManager and ReportingServiceManager are available with the .NET, Java, and Python SDKs.

The following code block shows how to create an instance of AuthorizationData and set its Authentication, CustomerId, AccountId, and DeveloperToken properties.

var authorizationData = new AuthorizationData
{
    Authentication = <AuthenticationGoesHere>, 
    CustomerId = <CustomerIdGoesHere>,
    AccountId = <AccountIdGoesHere>,
    DeveloperToken = "<DeveloperTokenGoesHere>"
};
static AuthorizationData authorizationData = new AuthorizationData();
authorizationData.setAuthentication(<AuthenticationGoesHere>);
authorizationData.setCustomerId("<CustomerIdGoesHere>");
authorizationData.setAccountId("<AccountIdGoesHere>");
authorizationData.setDeveloperToken("<DeveloperTokenGoesHere>");
$authorizationData = (new AuthorizationData())
    ->withAuthentication($AuthenticationGoesHere)
    ->withCustomerId($CustomerIdGoesHere)
    ->withAccountId($AccountIdGoesHere)
    ->withDeveloperToken($DeveloperTokenGoesHere);
authorization_data = AuthorizationData(
    authentication = <AuthenticationGoesHere>,
    customer_id = <CustomerIdGoesHere>,
    account_id = <AccountIdGoesHere>,
    developer_token = '<DeveloperTokenGoesHere>'
)

The Authentication property must be set to an Authentication-derived class such as OAuthWebAuthCodeGrant, OAuthDesktopMobileAuthCodeGrant, or OAuthDesktopMobileImplicitGrant.

Some services such as Customer Management do not accept CustomerId and CustomerAccountId headers, so they will be ignored if you specified them in the AuthorizationData object.

Using Service Client

You can use an instance of the ServiceClient class to call any methods of one of the Bing Ads web services. The ServiceClient class handles common request header fields for you, allowing to specify the Authentication, CustomerId, AccountId, and DeveloperToken properties in the AuthorizationData object once for each service.

Tip

If you are using the Bulk or Reporting services, use the Bulk Service Manager or Reporting Service Manager instead of ServiceClient. For example the Bulk Service Manager will submit your download request to the bulk service, poll the service until completed, and download the file to the local directory that you specified in the request. You'll save even more time because you don't have to write or parse the upload or results files.

// The primary method of the ServiceClient class is CallAsync. The method parameter is the delegate 
// for the service operation that you want to call. The request parameter of this method must be a 
// request message corresponding to the name of the service operation specified by the first request parameter. 
// The request message must match the service operation that is specified as the delegate in the first request.

public async Task<TResponse> CallAsync<TRequest, TResponse>(
    Func<TService, TRequest, Task<TResponse>> method, TRequest request)

// In the following sample, the method delegate is (s, r) => s.GetUserAsync(r) which takes a GetUserRequest 
// message as the request parameter (TRequest) and returns a GetUserResponse message (TResponse).

private async Task<User> GetUserAsync(long? userId)
{
    var request = new GetUserRequest
    {
        UserId = userId
    };

    return (await _customerService.CallAsync((s, r) => s.GetUserAsync(r), request)).User;
}
// You can use the Customer Management service to get the current authenticated user.

ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService> CustomerService = new ServiceClient<ICustomerManagementService>(
		authorizationData, 
		ICustomerManagementService.class);

java.lang.Long userId = null;
final GetUserRequest getUserRequest = new GetUserRequest();
getUserRequest.setUserId(userId);

// If you updated the authorization data such as account ID or you want to call a new operation, 
// you must call getService to set the latest request headers. 
// As a best practice you should use getService when calling any service operation.
User user = CustomerService.getService().getUser(getUserRequest).getUser();
// You can use a single instance of the ServiceClient class to call any methods in the service, 
// for example you can set the CustomerManagementVersion12 service client type as follows.

$customerProxy = new ServiceClient(ServiceClientType::CustomerManagementVersion12, $authorizationData, ApiEnvironment::Production);
)
# You can use the Customer Management service to get the current authenticated user.

customer_service = ServiceClient(
    'CustomerManagementService', 
    version = 12,
    authorization_data=authorization_data, 
    environment = ENVIRONMENT,
)

user = customer_service.GetUser(UserId = None).User

Important

If you set the AuthenticationToken, CustomerId, AccountId, or DeveloperToken header elements in the request parameter e.g., GetUserRequest, they will be ignored. Service Client always uses the AuthorizationData provided with its initialization.

See Also

Sandbox
Bing Ads Code Examples
Bing Ads Web Service Addresses