Overview of the WCF channel model with the Oracle Database adapter

To invoke operations on the Microsoft BizTalk Adapter for Oracle Database, your code acts as a WCF client and sends outbound operations to the adapter. In the WCF channel model, your code invokes operations on the adapter by sending a request message over a channel.

To invoke inbound operations, such as receiveing polling-based data-changed messages using the POLLINGSTMT operation provided by the adapter, your code acts as a WCF service and receives the inbound operation from the adapter. In other words, your code receives a request message from the adapter over a channel.

The topics in this section provide an overview of using the Oracle Database adapter with the WCF channel model.

WCF Channel Model Overview

Clients and services communicate by exchanging SOAP messages. The WCF channel model is a low-level abstraction of this message exchange. It provides interfaces and types that enable you to send and receive messages by using a layered protocol stack called a channel stack. Each layer of the stack is composed of a channel, and each channel is created from a WCF binding. At the lowest layer is the transport channel. The transport channel implements the underlying transport mechanism between a service and a client and presents each message to the higher layers (and ultimately the consuming application) as a System.ServiceModel.Message. The WCF Message class is an abstraction of a SOAP message. WCF provides several channel interfaces, called channel shapes, that model the basic SOAP message exchange patterns, such as request-reply or one-way. A WCF transport binding provides an implementation of one or more channel shapes that higher layers can use to send and receive messages. For more information about the WCF channel model, see Channel Model Overview.

The Oracle Database adapter is a WCF custom transport binding that exposes an Oracle database as a WCF service.

Supported Channel Shapes for the Oracle Database Adapter

The adapter implements the following WCF channel shapes:

  • IRequestChannel (System.ServiceModel.Channels.IRequestChannel). The IRequestChannel interface implements the client side of a request-reply message exchange. You can use an IRequestChannel to perform operations for which you want to consume a response, for example to perform a SELECT query on an Oracle table.

  • IOutputChannel (System.ServiceModel.Channels.IOutputChannel). This shape implements the client side of a one-way message exchange. You can use an IOutputChannel to invoke an operation for which you do not need to consume a response, for example to call an Oracle procedure that has no OUT parameters.


    All underlying calls by the adapter to the Oracle client are synchronous. This includes calls to the Oracle client that are the result of operations invoked over an IOutputChannel. When you use an IOutputChannel, the adapter discards the response received from the Oracle client.

  • IInputChannel (System.ServiceModel.Channels.IInputChannel). This shape implements the service side of a one-way message exchange. You use an IInputChannel to receive messages for inbound operations from the adapter.

    Like any WCF binding, the Oracle Database adapter uses a factory pattern to provide channels to application code. You use a Microsoft.Adapters.OracleDBBinding object to create instances of:

  • System.ServiceModel.ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel> to provide IRequestChannel channels you can use to invoke request-response operations on the adapter.

  • System.ServiceModel.ChannelFactory<IOutputChannel> to provide IOutputChannel channels you can use to invoke one-way operations on the adapter.

  • System.ServiceModel.IChannelListener<IInputChannel> to provide IInputChannel channels you can use to receive inbound messages (e.g. POLLINGSTMT operation) from the adapter.

Creating Messages for the Oracle Database Adapter in the WCF Channel Model

In WCF the System.ServiceModel.Channels.Message class provides an in memory representation of a SOAP message. You create a Message instance by invoking the static Message.Create method.

There are two important parts to the SOAP message that you must specify when you create a Message instance to send to the Oracle Database adapter.

  • The message action is a string that is part of the SOAP message header. The message action identifies the operation that should be invoked on the Oracle database. The following shows the message action specified to invoke the Select operation on the /SCOTT/EMP table: http://Microsoft.LobServices.OracleDB/2007/03/SCOTT/Table/EMP/Select.

  • The message body contains the parameter data for the operation. The message body is composed of well-formed XML that corresponds to the message schema expected by the Oracle Database adapter for the requested operation. The following message body specifies a Select operation on the SCOTT.EMP table (SELECT * FROM EMP).

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
    <Select xmlns="http://Microsoft.LobServices.OracleDB/2007/03/SCOTT/Table/EMP">  

    For information about the Oracle Database adapter message schemas and message actions for operations, see Messages and Message Schemas for BizTalk Adapter for Oracle Database.

    This Create method is overloaded and offers many different options for providing the message body. The following code shows how to create a Message instance by using an XmlReader to supply the message body. In this code, the message body is read from a file.

XmlReader readerIn = XmlReader.Create("SelectAllActivity.xml");  
Message messageIn = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Default,  


You must provide a message action in your Message instance. This is typically done when the Message instance is created.

Streaming Support for LOB Data Types in the WCF Channel Model

End-to-end streaming of LOB data types is supported for some operations surfaced by the adapter. For these operations, how you create and consume the messages that you send and receive over the channel determines whether streaming is supported on the LOB data.

For more information about how the Oracle Database adapter supports streaming on LOB data, see Streaming large object data types in Oracle Database adapter.

For more information about implementing node-value streaming in your code to support end-to-end streaming of LOB data, see Streaming Oracle Database LOB Data Types Using the WCF Channel Model.

See Also

Develop Oracle Database applications using the WCF Channel Model