Invoke Scalar Functions in SQL Server using BizTalk Server
You can use the SQL adapter with BizTalk Server to invoke scalar functions in SQL Server. The adapter exposes the scalar functions as operations that can be invoked directly on SQL Server. For more information about how the adapter supports scalar functions, see Execute Scalar Functions in SQL Server using the SQL adapter. For information about the structure of the SOAP message for invoking scalar functions, see Message Schemas for Procedures and Functions.
Configure MSDTC on computers running the SQL adapter and SQL Server.
Invoke Scalar Functions on SQL Server Database
Performing an operation on SQL Server database by using SQL adapter with BizTalk Server involves procedural tasks described in Building blocks to develop BizTalk applications with the SQL adapter. To invoke scalar functions in SQL Server, these tasks are:
Create a BizTalk project, and generate schema for the scalar function you want to invoke in SQL Server.
Create messages in the BizTalk project for sending and receiving messages from SQL Server.
Create an orchestration to invoke the operation on SQL Server.
Build and deploy the BizTalk project.
Configure the BizTalk application by creating physical send and receive ports.
Start the BizTalk application.
This topic provides instructions to perform these tasks.
This topic demonstrates how to invoke scalar functions in SQL Server using the SQL adapter with BizTalk Server. To demonstrate this operation, in this topic you execute the GET_EMP_ID function. This function takes an employee’s designation as a parameter and returns the ID for that employee from the EMPLOYEE table. The table and the function are created by running the scripts provided with the samples. For more information about the script, see Samples for the SQL adapter.
To demonstrate how to invoke scalar functions, schema is generated for the GET_EMP_ID scalar function. You must create a BizTalk project and use the Consume Adapter Service Add-in to generate the schema. See Retrieving Metadata for SQL Server Operations in Visual Studio for more information about how to generate schemas.
Define Messages and Message Types
The schema that you generated earlier describes the “types” required for the messages in the orchestration. A message is typically a variable, the type for which is defined by the corresponding schema. Now, create messages for the orchestration, and link them to the schemas you generated in the previous step.
Add an orchestration to the BizTalk project. From Solution Explorer, right-click the BizTalk project name, point to Add, and then click New Item. Type a name for the BizTalk orchestration, and then click Add.
Open the Orchestration View window of the BizTalk project, if it is not already open. To do so, click View, point to Other Windows, and then click Orchestration View.
In Orchestration View, right-click Messages, and then click New Message.
Right-click the newly created message, and then select Properties Window.
In the Properties pane for the Message_1, do the following:
Use this To do this Identifier Type
Message Type From the drop-down list, expand Schemas, and then select ScalarFunction.ScalarFunction_dbo.GET_EMP_ID, where ScalarFunction is the name of your BizTalk project. ScalarFunction_dbo is the schema generated for the GET_EMP_ID function.
Repeat step 2 to create a new message. In the Properties pane for the new message, do the following:
Use this To do this Identifier Type
Message Type From the drop-down list, expand Schemas, and then select ScalarFunction.ScalarFunction_dbo.GET_EMP_IDResponse.
Set up the Orchestration
Create a BizTalk orchestration to use BizTalk Server for performing an operation on SQL Server. In this orchestration, you drop a request message at a defined receive location. The SQL adapter consumes this message and passes it on to SQL Server. The response from SQL Server is saved to another location. You must include Send and Receive shapes to send messages to SQL Server and to receive responses, respectively. A sample orchestration for invoking a scalar function resembles the following:
Add Message Shapes
Make sure you specify the following properties for each of the message shapes. The names listed in the Shape column are the names of the message shapes as displayed in the just-mentioned orchestration.
|ReceiveMessage||Receive||- Set Name to ReceiveMessage
- Set Activate to True
|SendMessage||Send||- Set Name to SendMessage|
|ReceiveResponse||Receive||- Set Name to ReceiveResponse
- Set Activate to False
|SendResponse||Send||- Set Name to SendResponse|
Enter the following properties for each of the logical ports. The names listed in the Port column are the names of the ports as displayed in the orchestration.
|MessageIn||- Set Identifier to MessageIn
- Set Type to MessageInType
- Set Communication Pattern to One-Way
- Set Communication Direction to Receive
|LOBPort||- Set Identifier to LOBPort
- Set Type to LOBPortType
- Set Communication Pattern to Request-Response
- Set Communication Direction to Send-Receive
|ResponseOut||- Set Identifier to ResponseOut
- Set Type to ResponseOutType
- Set Communication Pattern to One-Way
- Set Communication Direction to Send
Specify Messages for Action Shapes, and Connect Them to Ports
The following table specifies the properties and their values that you should set to specify messages for action shapes and to link the messages to the ports. The names listed in the Shape column are the names of the message shapes as displayed in the orchestration mentioned earlier.
|ReceiveMessage||- Set Message to Request
- Set Operation to MessageIn.ScalarFunction.Request
|SendMessage||- Set Message to Request
- Set Operation to LOBPort.ScalarFunction.Request
|ReceiveResponse||- Set Message to Response
- Set Operation to LOBPort.ScalarFunction.Response
|SendResponse||- Set Message to Response
- Set Operation to ResponseOut.ScalarFunction.Request
After you enter these properties, the message shapes and ports are connected, and your orchestration is complete.
Now, build the BizTalk solution, and deploy it to BizTalk Server. For more information, see Building and Running Orchestrations.
Configure the BizTalk Application
After you deploy the BizTalk project, the orchestration you created earlier is listed under the Orchestrations pane in the BizTalk Server Administration console. You must use the BizTalk Server Administration console to configure the application. For a walkthrough, see Walkthrough: Deploying a Basic BizTalk Application.
Configuring an application involves:
Selecting a host for the application.
Mapping the ports that you created in your orchestration to physical ports in the BizTalk Server Administration console. For this orchestration you must:
Define a location on the hard disk and a corresponding file port where you will drop a request message. The BizTalk orchestration will consume the request message and send it to SQL Server database.
Define a location on the hard disk and a corresponding file port where the BizTalk orchestration will drop the response message containing the response from SQL Server database.
Define a physical WCF-Custom or WCF-SQL send port to send messages to SQL Server database. You must also specify the action in the send port. For information about how to create ports, see Manually configure a physical port binding to the SQL adapter.
Generating the schema using the Consume Adapter Service BizTalk Project Add-in also creates a binding file that contains information about the ports and the actions to be set for those ports. You can import this binding file from the BizTalk Server Administration console to create send ports (for outbound calls) or receive ports (for inbound calls). For more information, see Configure a physical port binding using a port binding file to use the SQL adapter.
Start the Application
Start the BizTalk application for invoking scalar functions in SQL Server database. For instructions on starting a BizTalk application, see How to Start an Orchestration.
At this stage, make sure:
The FILE receive port to receive request messages for the orchestration is running.
The FILE send port to receive the response messages from the orchestration is running.
The WCF-Custom or WCF-SQL send port to send messages to SQL Server database is running.
The BizTalk orchestration for the operation is running.
Execute the Operation
After you run the application, you must drop a request message to the FILE receive location. The schema for the request message must conform to the schema for the GET_EMP_ID function you generated earlier. For example, the request message to invoke the GET_EMP_ID function is:
<GET_EMP_ID xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/Sql/2008/05/ScalarFunctions/dbo"> <emp_desig>Manager</emp_desig> </GET_EMP_ID>
This request message invokes the GET_EMP_ID function to retrieve the ID for employees with the designation “Manager”. See Message Schemas for Procedures and Functions for more information about the request message schema for invoking scalar functions in SQL Server using the SQL adapter.
The orchestration consumes the message and sends it to SQL Server database. The response from SQL Server database is saved at the other FILE location defined as part of the orchestration. For example, the response from SQL Server database for the preceding request message is:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <GET_EMP_IDResponse xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/Sql/2008/05/ScalarFunctions/dbo"> <GET_EMP_IDResult>10072</GET_EMP_IDResult> </GET_EMP_IDResponse>
After you have deployed and configured the BizTalk project, you can export configuration settings to an XML file called the binding file. Once you generate a binding file, you can import the configuration settings from the file, so that you do not need to create items such as the send ports and receive ports for the same orchestration. For more information about binding files, see Reuse adapter bindings.