Type-Cast Conversions

You can use type casts to explicitly convert types.


    unary expression
    ( type-name ) cast-expression

    specifier-qualifier-list abstract-declaratoropt

The type-name is a type and cast-expression is a value to be converted to that type. An expression with a type cast is not an l-value. The cast-expression is converted as though it had been assigned to a variable of type type-name. The conversion rules for assignments (outlined in Assignment Conversions) apply to type casts as well. The following table shows the types that can be cast to any given type.

Destination Types Potential Sources
Integral types Any integer type or floating-point type, or pointer to an object
Floating-point Any arithmetic type
A pointer to an object, or (void *) Any integer type, (void *), a pointer to an object, or a function pointer
Function pointer Any integral type, a pointer to an object, or a function pointer
A structure, union, or array None
Void type Any type

Any identifier can be cast to void type. However, if the type specified in a type-cast expression is not void, then the identifier being cast to that type cannot be a void expression. Any expression can be cast to void, but an expression of type void cannot be cast to any other type. For example, a function with void return type cannot have its return cast to another type.

Note that a void * expression has a type pointer to void, not type void. If an object is cast to void type, the resulting expression cannot be assigned to any item. Similarly, a type-cast object is not an acceptable l-value, so no assignment can be made to a type-cast object.

Microsoft Specific

A type cast can be an l-value expression as long as the size of the identifier does not change. For information on l-value expressions, see L-Value and R-Value Expressions.

END Microsoft Specific

You can convert an expression to type void with a cast, but the resulting expression can be used only where a value is not required. An object pointer converted to void * and back to the original type will return to its original value.

See also

Type Conversions