atan, atanf, atanl, atan2, atan2f, atan2l

Calculates the arctangent of x (atan, atanf, and atanl) or the arctangent of y/x (atan2, atan2f, and atan2l).

Syntax

double atan( double x );
float atanf( float x );
long double atanl( long double x );

double atan2( double y, double x );
float atan2f( float y, float x );
long double atan2l( long double y, long double x );
float atan( float x );  // C++ only
long double atan( long double x );  // C++ only

float atan2( float y, float x );  // C++ only
long double atan2( long double y, long double x );  // C++ only

Parameters

x, y
Any numbers.

Return Value

atan returns the arctangent of x in the range -π/2 to π/2 radians. atan2 returns the arctangent of y/x in the range -π to π radians. If x is 0, atan returns 0. If both parameters of atan2 are 0, the function returns 0. All results are in radians.

atan2 uses the signs of both parameters to determine the quadrant of the return value.

Input SEH Exception Matherr Exception
± QNAN, IND none _DOMAIN

Remarks

The atan function calculates the arctangent (the inverse tangent function) of x. atan2 calculates the arctangent of y/x (if x equals 0, atan2 returns π/2 if y is positive, -π/2 if y is negative, or 0 if y is 0.)

atan has an implementation that uses Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2). For information and restrictions about using the SSE2 implementation, see _set_SSE2_enable.

Because C++ allows overloading, you can call overloads of atan and atan2 that take float or long double arguments. In a C program, atan and atan2 always take double arguments and return a double.

Requirements

Routine Required header (C) Required header (C++)
atan, atan2, atanf, atan2f, atanl, atan2l <math.h> <cmath> or <math.h>

Example

// crt_atan.c
// arguments: 5 0.5
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>

int main( int ac, char* av[] )
{
   double x, y, theta;
   if( ac != 3 ){
      fprintf( stderr, "Usage: %s <x> <y>\n", av[0] );
      return 1;
   }
   x = atof( av[1] );
   theta = atan( x );
   printf( "Arctangent of %f: %f\n", x, theta );
   y = atof( av[2] );
   theta = atan2( y, x );
   printf( "Arctangent of %f / %f: %f\n", y, x, theta );
   return 0;
}
Arctangent of 5.000000: 1.373401
Arctangent of 0.500000 / 5.000000: 0.099669

See also

Floating-Point Support
acos, acosf, acosl
asin, asinf, asinl
cos, cosf, cosl
_matherr
sin, sinf, sinl
tan, tanf, tanl
_CIatan
_CIatan2