_getche, _getwche

Gets a character from the console with echo.

Important

This API cannot be used in applications that execute in the Windows Runtime. For more information, see CRT functions not supported in Universal Windows Platform apps.

Syntax

int _getche( void );
wint_t _getwche( void );

Return Value

Returns the character read. There's no error return.

Remarks

The _getche and _getwche functions read a single character from the console with echo, meaning that the character is displayed at the console. None of these functions can be used to read CTRL+C. When reading a function key or an arrow key, each function must be called twice; the first call returns 0 or 0xE0, and the second call returns the actual key code.

These functions lock the calling thread and are therefore thread-safe. For non-locking versions, see _getche_nolock, _getwche_nolock.

By default, this function's global state is scoped to the application. To change this, see Global state in the CRT.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

Tchar.h routine _UNICODE and _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined
_getche _getche _getch _getwche

Requirements

Routine Required header
_getche <conio.h>
_getwche <conio.h> or <wchar.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility.

Example

// crt_getche.c
// compile with: /c
// This program reads characters from
// the keyboard until it receives a 'Y' or 'y'.

#include <conio.h>
#include <ctype.h>

int main( void )
{
   int ch;

   _cputs( "Type 'Y' when finished typing keys: " );
   do
   {
      ch = _getche();
      ch = toupper( ch );
   } while( ch != 'Y' );

   _putch( ch );
   _putch( '\r' );    // Carriage return
   _putch( '\n' );    // Line feed
}
abcdefy
Type 'Y' when finished typing keys: abcdefyY

See also

Console and Port I/O
_cgets, _cgetws
getc, getwc
_ungetch, _ungetwch, _ungetch_nolock, _ungetwch_nolock