_mbclen, mblen, _mblen_l, _mbclen_l

Gets the length and determines the validity of a multibyte character.

Important

This API cannot be used in applications that execute in the Windows Runtime. For more information, see CRT functions not supported in Universal Windows Platform apps.

Syntax

size_t _mbclen(
   const unsigned char *c
);
size_t _mbclen_l(
   unsigned char const* c,
   _locale_t locale
);
int mblen(
   const char *mbstr,
   size_t count
);
int _mblen_l(
   const char *mbstr,
   size_t count,
   _locale_t locale
);

Parameters

c
Multibyte character.

mbstr
Address of a multibyte-character byte sequence.

count
Number of bytes to check.

locale
Locale to use.

Return Value

_mbclen and _mbclen_l return 1 or 2, according to the length of the multibyte character c. The functions always return 1 for UTF-8, whether c is multibyte or not. There's no error return for _mbclen.

If mbstr isn't NULL, mblen and _mblen_l return the length, in bytes, of the multibyte character. The mblen and _mblen_l functions work correctly on UTF-8, and may return a value between 1 and 3. When mbstr is NULL (or it points to the wide-character null character), mblen and _mblen_l return 0. The object that mbstr points to must form a valid multibyte character within the first count characters, or mblen and _mblen_l return -1.

Remarks

The _mbclen function returns the length, in bytes, of the multibyte character c. If c doesn't point to the lead byte of a multibyte character (as determined by an implicit call to _ismbblead, the result of _mbclen is unpredictable.

mblen returns the length in bytes of mbstr if it's a valid multibyte character. It also determines multibyte-character validity associated with the code page. mblen examines count or fewer bytes contained in mbstr, but not more than MB_CUR_MAX bytes.

The output value is affected by the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale. The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior. The _l suffixed versions behave the same, but they use the locale parameter passed in instead. For more information, see setlocale and Locale.

_mbclen, _mblen_l, and _mbclen_l are Microsoft-specific, not part of the Standard C library. We don't recommend you use them where you want portable code. For Standard C compatibility, use mblen or mbrlen instead.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

Tchar.h routine _UNICODE and _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined
_tclen Maps to macro or inline function _mbclen Maps to macro or inline function

Requirements

Routine Required header
_mbclen <mbstring.h>
mblen <stdlib.h>
_mblen_l <stdlib.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility.

Example

// crt_mblen.c
/* illustrates the behavior of the mblen function
*/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main( void )
{
    int      i;
    char    *pmbc = (char *)malloc( sizeof( char ) );
    wchar_t  wc   = L'a';

    printf( "Convert wide character to multibyte character:\n" );
    wctomb_s( &i, pmbc, sizeof(char), wc );
    printf( "   Characters converted: %u\n", i );
    printf( "   Multibyte character: %x\n\n", *pmbc );

    i = mblen( pmbc, MB_CUR_MAX );
    printf( "Length in bytes of multibyte character %x: %u\n", *pmbc, i );

    pmbc = NULL;
    i = mblen( pmbc, MB_CUR_MAX );
    printf( "Length in bytes of NULL multibyte character %x: %u\n", pmbc, i );
}
Convert wide character to multibyte character:
   Characters converted: 1
   Multibyte character: 61

Length in bytes of multibyte character 61: 1
Length in bytes of NULL multibyte character 0: 0

See also

Character Classification
Locale
Interpretation of Multibyte-Character Sequences
_mbccpy, _mbccpy_l
mbrlen
strlen, wcslen, _mbslen, _mbslen_l, _mbstrlen, _mbstrlen_l