Boxing (C++/CX)

Boxing is wrapping a value type variable such as Windows::Foundation::DateTime—or a fundamental scalar type such as int—in a ref class when the variable is passed to a method that takes Platform::Object^ as its input type.

Passing a value type to an Object^ parameter

Although you don't have to explicitly box a variable to pass it to a method parameter of type Platform::Object^, you do have to explicitly cast back to the original type when you retrieve values that have been previously boxed.

Object^ obj = 5; //scalar value is implicitly boxed
int i = safe_cast<int>(obj); //unboxed with explicit cast. 

Using Platform::IBox<T> to support nullable value types

C# and Visual Basic support the concept of nullable value types. In C++/CX, you can use the Platform::IBox<T> type to expose public methods that support nullable value type parameters. The following example shows a C++/CX public method that returns null when a C# caller passes null for one of the arguments.

// A WinRT Component DLL
namespace BoxingDemo
    public ref class Class1 sealed
        Platform::IBox<int>^ Multiply(Platform::IBox<int>^ a, Platform::IBox<int>^ b)
            if(a == nullptr || b == nullptr)
                return nullptr;
                return ref new Platform::Box<int>(a->Value * b->Value);

In a C# XAML client, you can consume it like this:

// C# client code  
    BoxingDemo.Class1 obj = new BoxingDemo.Class1();  
    int? a = null;  
    int? b = 5;  
    var result = obj.Multiply(a,b); //result = null  

See Also

Type System (C++/CX)
Casting (C++/CX)
Visual C++ Language Reference
Namespaces Reference