Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.


CEILING(<number>, <significance>)  


Term Definition
number The number you want to round, or a reference to a column that contains numbers.
significance The multiple of significance to which you want to round. For example, to round to the nearest integer, type 1.

Return value

A number rounded as specified.


  • There are two CEILING functions in DAX, with the following differences:

    • The CEILING function emulates the behavior of the CEILING function in Excel.
    • The ISO.CEILING function follows the ISO-defined behavior for determining the ceiling value.
  • The two functions return the same value for positive numbers, but different values for negative numbers. When using a positive multiple of significance, both CEILING and ISO.CEILING round negative numbers upward (toward positive infinity). When using a negative multiple of significance, CEILING rounds negative numbers downward (toward negative infinity), while ISO.CEILING rounds negative numbers upward (toward positive infinity).

  • The return type is usually of the same type of the significant argument, with the following exceptions:

    • If the number argument type is currency, the return type is currency.
    • If the significance argument type is Boolean, the return type is integer.
    • If the significance argument type is non-numeric, the return type is real.

Example 1

The following formula returns 4.45. This might be useful if you want to avoid using smaller units in your pricing. If an existing product is priced at $4.42, you can use CEILING to round prices up to the nearest unit of five cents.

= CEILING(4.42,0.05)  

Example 2

The following formula returns similar results as the previous example, but uses numeric values stored in the column, ProductPrice.

= CEILING([ProductPrice],0.05)  

See also

Math and Trig functions
FLOOR function
ISO.CEILING function
ROUNDUP function