IExtenderProvider IExtenderProvider IExtenderProvider IExtenderProvider Interface

Definition

Defines the interface for extending properties to other components in a container.

public interface class IExtenderProvider
public interface IExtenderProvider
type IExtenderProvider = interface
Public Interface IExtenderProvider
Derived

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to implement the IExtenderProvider interface. This example is part of a larger example discussed in How to: Implement a HelpLabel Extender Provider.

namespace Microsoft.Samples.WinForms.Cs.HelpLabel 
{
	using System;
	using System.Collections;
	using System.ComponentModel;
	using System.ComponentModel.Design;
	using System.Drawing;
	using System.Windows.Forms;
	using System.Windows.Forms.Design;

	//
	// Help Label offers an extender property called
	// "HelpText".  It monitors the active control
	// and displays the help text for the active control.
	//
	[
	ProvideProperty("HelpText",typeof(Control)),
	Designer(typeof(HelpLabel.HelpLabelDesigner))
	]
	public class HelpLabel : Control, System.ComponentModel.IExtenderProvider 
	{
		/// <summary>
		///    Required designer variable.
		/// </summary>
		private System.ComponentModel.Container components;
		private Hashtable helpTexts;
		private System.Windows.Forms.Control activeControl;

		//
		//      Creates a new help label object.
		//
		public HelpLabel() 
		{
			//
			// Required for Windows Form Designer support
			//
			InitializeComponent();

			helpTexts = new Hashtable();
		}

		/// <summary>
		///    Clean up any resources being used.
		/// </summary>
		protected override void Dispose(bool disposing) 
		{
			if (disposing) 
			{
				components.Dispose();
			}
			base.Dispose(disposing);
		}

		/// <summary>
		///    Required method for Designer support - do not modify
		///    the contents of this method with the code editor.
		/// </summary>
		private void InitializeComponent() 
		{
			this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container ();
			this.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Info;
			this.ForeColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.InfoText;
			this.TabStop = false;
		}

		//
		//      Overrides the text property of Control.  This label ignores
		//      the text property, so we add additional attributes here so the
		//      property does not show up in the properties window and is not
		//      persisted.
		//
		[
		Browsable(false),
		EditorBrowsable(EditorBrowsableState.Never),
		DesignerSerializationVisibility(DesignerSerializationVisibility.Hidden)
		]
		public override string Text 
		{
			get 
			{
				return base.Text;
			}
			set 
			{
				base.Text = value;
			}
		}

		//
		//      This implements the IExtenderProvider.CanExtend method.  The
		//      help label provides an extender property, and the design time
		//      framework will call this method once for each component to determine
		//      if we are interested in providing our extended properties for the
		//      component.  We return true here if the object is a control and is
		//      not a HelpLabel (since it would be silly to add this property to
		//      ourselves).
		//
		bool IExtenderProvider.CanExtend(object target) 
		{
			if (target is Control &&
				!(target is HelpLabel)) 
			{

				return true;
			}
			return false;
		}

		//
		//      This is the extended property for the HelpText property.  Extended
		//      properties are actual methods because they take an additional parameter
		//      that is the object or control to provide the property for.
		//
		[
		DefaultValue(""),
		]
		public string GetHelpText(Control control) 
		{
			string text = (string)helpTexts[control];
			if (text == null) 
			{
				text = string.Empty;
			}
			return text;
		}

		//
		//      This is an event handler that responds to the OnControlEnter
		//      event.  We attach this to each control we are providing help
		//      text for.
		//
		private void OnControlEnter(object sender, EventArgs e) 
		{
			activeControl = (Control)sender;
			Invalidate();
		}

		//
		//      This is an event handler that responds to the OnControlLeave
		//      event.  We attach this to each control we are providing help
		//      text for.
		//
		private void OnControlLeave(object sender, EventArgs e) 
		{
			if (sender == activeControl) 
			{
				activeControl = null;
				Invalidate();
			}
		}

		//
		//      This is the extended property for the HelpText property.
		//
		public void SetHelpText(Control control, string value) 
		{
			if (value == null) 
			{
				value = string.Empty;
			}

			if (value.Length == 0) 
			{
				helpTexts.Remove(control);

				control.Enter -= new EventHandler(OnControlEnter);
				control.Leave -= new EventHandler(OnControlLeave);
			}
			else 
			{
				helpTexts[control] = value;

				control.Enter += new EventHandler(OnControlEnter);
				control.Leave += new EventHandler(OnControlLeave);
			}

			if (control == activeControl) 
			{
				Invalidate();
			}
		}

		//
		//      Overrides Control.OnPaint.  Here we draw our
		//      label.
		//
		protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs pe) 
		{

			// Let the base draw.  This will cover our back
			// color and set any image that the user may have
			// provided.
			//
			base.OnPaint(pe);

			// Draw a rectangle around our control.
			//
			Rectangle rect = ClientRectangle;

			Pen borderPen = new Pen(ForeColor);
			pe.Graphics.DrawRectangle(borderPen, rect);
			borderPen.Dispose();

			// Finally, draw the text over the top of the
			// rectangle.
			//
			if (activeControl != null) 
			{
				string text = (string)helpTexts[activeControl];
				if (text != null && text.Length > 0) 
				{
					rect.Inflate(-2, -2);
					Brush brush = new SolidBrush(ForeColor);
					pe.Graphics.DrawString(text, Font, brush, rect);
					brush.Dispose();
				}
			}
		}

		//     Returns true if the backColor should be persisted in code gen.  We
		//      override this because we change the default back color.
		//     true if the backColor should be persisted.
		//
		public bool ShouldSerializeBackColor() 
		{
			return(!BackColor.Equals(SystemColors.Info));
		}

		//     Returns true if the foreColor should be persisted in code gen.  We
		//      override this because we change the default foreground color.
		//     true if the foreColor should be persisted.
		//
		public bool ShouldSerializeForeColor() 
		{
			return(!ForeColor.Equals(SystemColors.InfoText));
		}

		//
		//      This is a designer for the HelpLabel.  This designer provides
		//      design time feedback for the label.  The help label responds
		//      to changes in the active control, but these events do not
		//      occur at design time.  In order to provide some usable feedback
		//      that the control is working the right way, this designer listens
		//      to selection change events and uses those events to trigger active
		//      control changes.
		//
        [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")] 
		public class HelpLabelDesigner : System.Windows.Forms.Design.ControlDesigner 
		{

			private bool trackSelection = true;

			/// <summary>
			/// This property is added to the control's set of properties in the method
			/// PreFilterProperties below.  Note that on designers, properties that are
			/// explictly declared by TypeDescriptor.CreateProperty can be declared as
			/// private on the designer.  This helps to keep the designer's publi
			/// object model clean.
			/// </summary>
            [DesignerSerializationVisibility( DesignerSerializationVisibility.Hidden )]
			private bool TrackSelection
			{
				get
				{
					return trackSelection;
				}
				set
				{
					trackSelection = value;
					if (trackSelection)
					{
						ISelectionService ss = (ISelectionService)GetService(typeof(ISelectionService));
						if (ss != null)
						{
							UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ss);
						}
					}
					else
					{
						HelpLabel helpLabel = (HelpLabel)Control;
						if (helpLabel.activeControl != null)
						{
							helpLabel.activeControl = null;
							helpLabel.Invalidate();
						}
					}
				}
			}

			public override DesignerVerbCollection Verbs
			{
				get
				{
					DesignerVerb[] verbs = new DesignerVerb[] {
																  new DesignerVerb("Sample Verb", new EventHandler(OnSampleVerb))
															  };
					return new DesignerVerbCollection(verbs);
				}
			}

			//
			//      Overrides Dispose.  Here we remove our handler for the selection changed
			//      event.  With designers, it is critical that they clean up any events they
			//      have attached.  Otherwise, during the course of an editing session many
			//      designers may get created and never destroyed.
			//
			protected override void Dispose(bool disposing) 
			{
				if (disposing) 
				{
					ISelectionService ss = (ISelectionService)GetService(typeof(ISelectionService));
					if (ss != null) 
					{
						ss.SelectionChanged -= new EventHandler(OnSelectionChanged);
					}
				}

				base.Dispose(disposing);
			}

			//
			//       Overrides initialize.  Here we add an event handler to the selection service.
			//      Notice that we are very careful not to assume that the selection service is
			//      available.  It is entirely optional that a service is available and you should
			//      always degrade gracefully if a service could not be found.
			//
			public override void Initialize(IComponent component) 
			{
				base.Initialize(component);

				ISelectionService ss = (ISelectionService)GetService(typeof(ISelectionService));
				if (ss != null) 
				{
					ss.SelectionChanged += new EventHandler(OnSelectionChanged);
				}
			}

			private void OnSampleVerb(object sender, EventArgs e)
			{
				MessageBox.Show("You have just invoked a sample verb.  Normally, this would do something interesting.");
			}

			//
			//      Our handler for the selection change event.  Here we update the active control within
			//      the help label.
			//
			private void OnSelectionChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) 
			{
				if (trackSelection)
				{
					ISelectionService ss = (ISelectionService)sender;
					UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ss);
				}
			}

			protected override void PreFilterProperties(IDictionary properties)
			{
				// Always call base first in PreFilter* methods, and last in PostFilter*
				// methods.
				base.PreFilterProperties(properties);

				// We add a design-time property called "TrackSelection" that is used to track
				// the active selection.  If the user sets this to true (the default), then
				// we will listen to selection change events and update the control's active
				// control to point to the current primary selection.
				properties["TrackSelection"] = TypeDescriptor.CreateProperty(
					this.GetType(),        // the type this property is defined on
					"TrackSelection",    // the name of the property
					typeof(bool),        // the type of the property
					new Attribute[] {CategoryAttribute.Design});    // attributes
			}

			/// <summary>
			/// This is a helper method that, given a selection service, will update the active control
			/// of our help label with the currently active selection.
			/// </summary>
			/// <param name="ss"></param>
			private void UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ISelectionService ss)
			{
				Control c = ss.PrimarySelection as Control;
				HelpLabel helpLabel = (HelpLabel)Control;
				if (c != null)
				{
					helpLabel.activeControl = c;
					helpLabel.Invalidate();
				}
				else
				{
					if (helpLabel.activeControl != null)
					{
						helpLabel.activeControl = null;
						helpLabel.Invalidate();
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

Option Strict On
Option Explicit On 
Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.ComponentModel.Design
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Design

Namespace Microsoft.Samples.WinForms.Vb.HelpLabel
    '
    ' Help Label offers an extender property called
    ' HelpText.  It monitors the active control
    ' and displays the help text for the active control.
    '

    <ProvideProperty("HelpText", GetType(Control)), Designer(GetType(HelpLabel.HelpLabelDesigner))> _
    Public Class HelpLabel
        Inherits Control
        Implements System.ComponentModel.IExtenderProvider
        '    Required designer variable.
        Private components As System.ComponentModel.Container
        Private helpTexts As Hashtable
        Private activeControl As System.Windows.Forms.Control

        '
        '      Creates a new help label object.
        '
        Public Sub New()
            '
            ' Required for Windows Form designer support.
            '
            InitializeComponent()
            helpTexts = New Hashtable
        End Sub

        '    Clean up any resources being used.
        Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            If disposing Then
                If components IsNot Nothing Then
                    components.Dispose()
                End If
            End If
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

        '    Required method for designer support. Do not modify
        '    the contents of this method with the code editor.
        Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            Me.components = New System.ComponentModel.Container
            Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Info
            Me.ForeColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.InfoText
            Me.TabStop = False
        End Sub
        '
        '      Overrides the text property of Control.  This label ignores
        '      the text property, so we add additional attributes here so the
        '      property does not show up in the Properties window and is not
        '      persisted.
        '
        <Browsable(False), _
        EditorBrowsable(EditorBrowsableState.Never), _
        DesignerSerializationVisibility(DesignerSerializationVisibility.Hidden)> _
        Public Overrides Property [Text]() As String
            Get
                Return MyBase.Text
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As String)
                MyBase.Text = Value
            End Set
        End Property


        '
        '      This implements the IExtenderProvider.CanExtend method.  The
        '      help label provides an extender property, and the design-time
        '      framework will call this method once for each component to determine
        '      if we are interested in providing our extended properties for the
        '      component.  We return true here if the object is a control and is
        '      not a HelpLabel (because it would not be meaningful to add this property to
        '      ourselves).
        '
        Function CanExtend(ByVal target As Object) As Boolean Implements IExtenderProvider.CanExtend
            If TypeOf target Is Control And Not TypeOf target Is HelpLabel Then

                Return True
            End If
            Return False
        End Function

        '
        '      This is the extended property for the HelpText property.  Extended
        '      properties are actual methods because they take an additional parameter
        '      that is the object or control to provide the property for.
        '
        <DefaultValue("")> _
        Public Function GetHelpText(ByVal ctrl As Control) As String
            Dim myText As String = CStr(helpTexts(ctrl))
            If myText Is Nothing Then
                myText = String.Empty
            End If
            Return myText
        End Function

        '
        '      This is the extended property for the HelpText property.
        '
        Public Sub SetHelpText(ByVal ctrl As Control, ByVal value As String)
            If value Is Nothing Then
                value = String.Empty
            End If

            If value.Length = 0 Then
                helpTexts.Remove(ctrl)

                RemoveHandler ctrl.Enter, AddressOf OnControlEnter
                RemoveHandler ctrl.Leave, AddressOf OnControlLeave
            Else
                helpTexts(ctrl) = value
                AddHandler ctrl.Enter, AddressOf OnControlEnter
                AddHandler ctrl.Leave, AddressOf OnControlLeave
            End If

            If ctrl Is activeControl Then
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

        '
        '      This is an event handler that responds to the OnControlEnter
        '      event.  We attach this to each control we are providing help
        '      text for.
        '
        Private Sub OnControlEnter(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            activeControl = CType(sender, Control)
            Invalidate()
        End Sub

        '
        '      This is an event handler that responds to the OnControlLeave
        '      event.  We attach this to each control we are providing help
        '      text for.
        '
        Private Sub OnControlLeave(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            If sender Is activeControl Then
                activeControl = Nothing
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

        '
        '      Overrides Control.OnPaint.  Here we draw our
        '      label.
        '
        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal pe As PaintEventArgs)
            ' Let the base draw.  This will cover our back
            ' color and set any image that the user has
            ' provided.
            '
            MyBase.OnPaint(pe)

            ' Draw a rectangle around the control.
            '
            Dim rect As Rectangle = ClientRectangle

            Dim borderPen As New Pen(ForeColor)
            pe.Graphics.DrawRectangle(borderPen, rect)
            borderPen.Dispose()

            ' Finally, draw the text over the top of the
            ' rectangle.
            '
            If (activeControl IsNot Nothing) Then
                Dim myText As String = CStr(helpTexts(activeControl))
                If (myText IsNot Nothing) And myText.Length > 0 Then
                    rect.Inflate(-2, -2)
                    Dim brush As New SolidBrush(ForeColor)
                    pe.Graphics.DrawString(myText, Font, brush, RectangleF.op_Implicit(rect))
                    brush.Dispose()
                End If
            End If
        End Sub


        '     Returns true if backColor should be persisted in code gen.  We
        '      override this because we change the default back color.
        '     true if the backColor should be persisted.
        '
        Public Function ShouldSerializeBackColor() As Boolean
            Return Not BackColor.Equals(SystemColors.Info)
        End Function


        '     Returns true if foreColor should be persisted in code gen.  We
        '      override this because we change the default foreground color.
        '     true if foreColor should be persisted.
        '
        Public Function ShouldSerializeForeColor() As Boolean
            Return Not ForeColor.Equals(SystemColors.InfoText)
        End Function

        '
        '      This is a designer for the HelpLabel.  This designer provides
        '      design time feedback for the label.  The help label responds
        '      to changes in the active control, but these events do not
        '      occur at design time.  In order to provide some usable feedback
        '      that the control is working the right way, this designer listens
        '      to selection change events and uses those events to trigger active
        '      control changes.
        '
        <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Public Class HelpLabelDesigner
            Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Design.ControlDesigner

            Private _trackSelection As Boolean = True

            ' This property is added to the control's set of properties in the method
            ' PreFilterProperties below.  Note that on designers, properties that are
            ' explictly declared by TypeDescriptor.CreateProperty can be declared as
            ' private on the designer.  This helps to keep the designer's public
            ' object model clean.
            <DesignerSerializationVisibility(DesignerSerializationVisibility.Hidden)> _
            Private Property TrackSelection() As Boolean
                Get
                    Return _trackSelection
                End Get
                Set(ByVal Value As Boolean)
                    _trackSelection = Value
                    If _trackSelection Then
                        Dim ss As ISelectionService = CType(GetService(GetType(ISelectionService)), ISelectionService)
                        If (ss IsNot Nothing) Then
                            UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ss)
                        End If
                    Else
                        Dim helpLabel As HelpLabel = CType(Control, HelpLabel)
                        If (helpLabel.activeControl IsNot Nothing) Then
                            helpLabel.activeControl = Nothing
                            helpLabel.Invalidate()
                        End If
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property

            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Verbs() As DesignerVerbCollection
                Get
                    Dim myVerbs() As DesignerVerb = {New DesignerVerb("Sample Verb", AddressOf OnSampleVerb)}
                    Return New DesignerVerbCollection(myVerbs)
                End Get
            End Property

            '
            '      Overrides Dispose.  Here we remove our handler for the selection changed
            '      event.  With designers, it is critical that they clean up any events they
            '      have attached.  Otherwise, during the course of an editing session many
            '      designers might get created and never destroyed.
            '
            Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
                If disposing Then
                    Dim ss As ISelectionService = CType(GetService(GetType(ISelectionService)), ISelectionService)
                    If (ss IsNot Nothing) Then
                        RemoveHandler ss.SelectionChanged, AddressOf OnSelectionChanged
                    End If
                End If
                MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
            End Sub

            '
            '       Overrides initialize.  Here we add an event handler to the selection service.
            '      Notice that we are very careful not to assume that the selection service is
            '      available.  It is entirely optional that a service is available and you should
            '      always degrade gracefully if a service cannot be found.
            '
            Public Overrides Sub Initialize(ByVal component As IComponent)
                MyBase.Initialize(component)

                Dim ss As ISelectionService = CType(GetService(GetType(ISelectionService)), ISelectionService)
                If (ss IsNot Nothing) Then
                    AddHandler ss.SelectionChanged, AddressOf OnSelectionChanged
                End If
            End Sub

            Private Sub OnSampleVerb(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
                MessageBox.Show("You have just invoked a sample verb.  Normally, this would do something interesting.")
            End Sub

            '
            '      The handler for the selection change event.  Here we update the active control within
            '      the help label.
            '
            Private Sub OnSelectionChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
                If _trackSelection Then
                    Dim ss As ISelectionService = CType(sender, ISelectionService)
                    UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ss)
                End If
            End Sub

            Protected Overrides Sub PreFilterProperties(ByVal properties As IDictionary)
                ' Always call base first in PreFilter* methods, and last in PostFilter*
                ' methods.
                MyBase.PreFilterProperties(properties)

                ' We add a design-time property called TrackSelection that is used to track
                ' the active selection.  If the user sets this to true (the default), then
                ' we will listen to selection change events and update the control's active
                ' control to point to the current primary selection.
                properties("TrackSelection") = TypeDescriptor.CreateProperty( _
                   Me.GetType(), _
                   "TrackSelection", _
                   GetType(Boolean), _
                   New Attribute() {CategoryAttribute.Design})
            End Sub

            ' This is a helper method that, given a selection service, will update the active control
            ' of the help label with the currently active selection.
            ' <param name="ss"></param>
            Private Sub UpdateHelpLabelSelection(ByVal ss As ISelectionService)
                Dim c As Control = CType(ss.PrimarySelection, Control)
                Dim helpLabel As HelpLabel = CType(Control, HelpLabel)
                If (c IsNot Nothing) Then
                    helpLabel.activeControl = c
                    helpLabel.Invalidate()
                Else
                    If (helpLabel.activeControl IsNot Nothing) Then
                        helpLabel.activeControl = Nothing
                        helpLabel.Invalidate()
                    End If
                End If
            End Sub

            Public Sub New()

            End Sub
        End Class

    End Class
End Namespace

Remarks

An extender provider is a component that provides properties to other components. For example, the ToolTip control is an extender provider. When you add a ToolTip control to a Form, all other controls on the form have a ToolTip property added to their list of properties.

Any component that provides extender properties must implement IExtenderProvider. A visual designer can then call CanExtend to determine which objects in a container should receive the extender properties.

For more information about extender providers, see How to: Implement an Extender Provider.

Methods

CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object)

Specifies whether this object can provide its extender properties to the specified object.

Applies to