Financial.Pmt(Double, Double, Double, Double, DueDate) Method


Returns a value specifying the payment for an annuity based on periodic, fixed payments and a fixed interest rate.

public static double Pmt (double Rate, double NPer, double PV, double FV = 0, Microsoft.VisualBasic.DueDate Due = Microsoft.VisualBasic.DueDate.EndOfPeriod);
static member Pmt : double * double * double * double * Microsoft.VisualBasic.DueDate -> double
Public Function Pmt (Rate As Double, NPer As Double, PV As Double, Optional FV As Double = 0, Optional Due As DueDate = Microsoft.VisualBasic.DueDate.EndOfPeriod) As Double



Required. The interest rate per period. For example, if you get a car loan at an annual percentage rate (APR) of 10 percent and make monthly payments, the rate per period is 0.1/12, or 0.0083.


Required. The total number of payment periods in the annuity. For example, if you make monthly payments on a four-year car loan, your loan has a total of 4 × 12 (or 48) payment periods.


Required. The present value (or lump sum) that a series of payments to be paid in the future is worth now. For example, when you borrow money to buy a car, the loan amount is the present value to the lender of the monthly car payments you will make.


Optional. The future value or cash balance you want after you have made the final payment. For example, the future value of a loan is $0 because that is its value after the final payment. However, if you want to save $50,000 during 18 years for your child's education, then $50,000 is the future value. If omitted, 0 is assumed.


Optional. Object of type DueDate that specifies when payments are due. This argument must be either DueDate.EndOfPeriod if payments are due at the end of the payment period, or DueDate.BegOfPeriod if payments are due at the beginning of the period. If omitted, DueDate.EndOfPeriod is assumed.


The payment for an annuity based on periodic, fixed payments and a fixed interest rate.


NPer = 0.


This example uses the Pmt function to return the monthly payment for a loan during a fixed period. Given are the interest percentage rate per period (APR / 12), the total number of payments (TotPmts), the present value or principal of the loan (PVal), the future value of the loan (FVal), and a number that indicates whether the payment is due at the beginning or end of the payment period (PayType).

Sub TestPMT()
    Dim PVal, APR, Payment, TotPmts As Double
    Dim PayType As DueDate
    Dim Response As MsgBoxResult

    ' Define money format.
    Dim Fmt As String = "###,###,##0.00"
    ' Usually 0 for a loan.
    Dim FVal As Double = 0
    PVal = CDbl(InputBox("How much do you want to borrow?"))
    APR = CDbl(InputBox("What is the annual percentage rate of your loan?"))
    If APR > 1 Then APR = APR / 100 ' Ensure proper form.
    TotPmts = CDbl(InputBox("How many monthly payments will you make?"))
    Response = MsgBox("Do you make payments at the end of month?", MsgBoxStyle.YesNo)
    If Response = MsgBoxResult.No Then
        PayType = DueDate.BegOfPeriod
        PayType = DueDate.EndOfPeriod
    End If
    Payment = Pmt(APR / 12, TotPmts, -PVal, FVal, PayType)

    MsgBox("Your payment will be " & Format(Payment, Fmt) & " per month.")
End Sub


An annuity is a series of fixed cash payments made during a period of time. An annuity can be a loan (such as a home mortgage) or an investment (such as a monthly savings plan).

The Rate and NPer arguments must be calculated using payment periods expressed in the same units. For example, if Rate is calculated using months, NPer must also be calculated using months.

For all arguments, cash paid (such as deposits to savings) is represented by negative numbers; cash received (such as dividend checks) is represented by positive numbers.

Applies to

See also