Array.AsReadOnly(T[]) Array.AsReadOnly(T[]) Array.AsReadOnly(T[]) Array.AsReadOnly(T[]) Method

Definition

Returns a read-only wrapper for the specified array.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static System::Collections::ObjectModel::ReadOnlyCollection<T> ^ AsReadOnly(cli::array <T> ^ array);
public static System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<T> AsReadOnly<T> (T[] array);
static member AsReadOnly : 'T[] -> System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<'T>
Public Shared Function AsReadOnly(Of T) (array As T()) As ReadOnlyCollection(Of T)
Type Parameters
T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters
array
T[]

The one-dimensional, zero-based array to wrap in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection<T> wrapper.

Returns
Exceptions

Examples

The following example wraps an array in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection<T>.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

namespace Samples
{
    public ref class SamplesArray
    {
    public:
        static void Work()
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ textArray = 
                {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox"};

            // Display the values of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The string array initially contains "
                "the following values:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(textArray);

            // Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
            IList <String^>^ textList = Array::AsReadOnly(textArray);

            // Display the values of the read-only IList.
            Console::WriteLine("The read-only IList contains " 
                "the following values:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(textList);

            // Attempt to change a value through the wrapper.
            try
            {
                textList[3] = "CAT";
            }
            catch (NotSupportedException^ ex) 
            {
                Console::WriteLine("{0} - {1}", ex->GetType(), 
                    ex->Message);
                Console::WriteLine();
            }


            // Change a value in the original array.
            textArray[2] = "RED";

            // Display the values of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("After changing the third element," 
                "the string array contains the following values:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(textArray);

            // Display the values of the read-only IList.
            Console::WriteLine("After changing the third element, the" 
                " read-only IList contains the following values:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(textList);
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ textArray)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < textArray->Length; i++)
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, textArray[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(IList<String^>^ textList)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < textList->Count; i++)
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, textList[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Samples::SamplesArray::Work();

}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
[0] : The
[1] : quick
[2] : brown
[3] : fox

The read-only IList contains the following values:
[0] : The
[1] : quick
[2] : brown
[3] : fox

System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.

After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
[0] : The
[1] : quick
[2] : RED
[3] : fox

After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
[0] : The
[1] : quick
[2] : RED
[3] : fox

*/
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox" };
 
      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The string array initially contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
      IList<String> myList = Array.AsReadOnly( myArr );
      
      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

      // Attempt to change a value through the wrapper.
      try  {
         myList[3] = "CAT";
      }
      catch ( NotSupportedException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "{0} - {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message );
         Console.WriteLine();
      }

      // Change a value in the original array.
      myArr[2] = "RED";

      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IList<String> myList )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

The read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.

After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

*/

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox"}

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The string array initially contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
        Dim myList As IList(Of String) = Array.AsReadOnly(myArr) '

        ' Display the values of the read-only IList.
        Console.WriteLine("The read-only IList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myList)

        ' Attempt to change a value through the wrapper.
        Try
            myList(3) = "CAT"
        Catch e As NotSupportedException
            Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message)
            Console.WriteLine()
        End Try

        ' Change a value in the original array.
        myArr(2) = "RED"

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Display the values of the read-only IList.
        Console.WriteLine("After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myList)

    End Sub 'Main

    Overloads Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr() As String)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndValues

    Overloads Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IList(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myList(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndValues 

End Class 'SamplesArray


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The string array initially contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'
'The read-only IList contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'
'System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.
'
'After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : RED
'   [3] : fox
'
'After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : RED
'   [3] : fox

Remarks

To prevent any modifications to the array, expose the array only through this wrapper.

A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

This method is an O(1) operation.

Applies to