List<T>.IndexOf List<T>.IndexOf List<T>.IndexOf List<T>.IndexOf Method

Definition

Returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence of a value in the List<T> or in a portion of it.

Overloads

IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the List<T> that extends from the specified index to the last element.

IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the List<T> that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire List<T>.

IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the List<T> that extends from the specified index to the last element.

public:
 int IndexOf(T item, int index);
public int IndexOf (T item, int index);
member this.IndexOf : 'T * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (item As T, index As Integer) As Integer
Parameters
item

The object to locate in the List<T>. The value can be null for reference types.

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The zero-based starting index of the search. 0 (zero) is valid in an empty list.

Returns

The zero-based index of the first occurrence of item within the range of elements in the List<T> that extends from index to the last element, if found; otherwise, –1.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example demonstrates all three overloads of the IndexOf method. A List<T> of strings is created, with one entry that appears twice, at index location 0 and index location 5. The IndexOf(T) method overload searches the list from the beginning, and finds the first occurrence of the string. The IndexOf(T, Int32) method overload is used to search the list beginning with index location 3 and continuing to the end of the list, and finds the second occurrence of the string. Finally, the IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) method overload is used to search a range of two entries, beginning at index location two; it returns –1 because there are no instances of the search string in that range.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>();

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Mamenchisaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Brachiosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>();

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 2, 2): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1

Remarks

The List<T> is searched forward starting at index and ending at the last element.

This method determines equality using the default equality comparer EqualityComparer<T>.Default for T, the type of values in the list.

This method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements from index to the end of the List<T>.

See Also

IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the List<T> that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 int IndexOf(T item, int index, int count);
public int IndexOf (T item, int index, int count);
member this.IndexOf : 'T * int * int -> int
Public Function IndexOf (item As T, index As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer
Parameters
item

The object to locate in the List<T>. The value can be null for reference types.

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The zero-based starting index of the search. 0 (zero) is valid in an empty list.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of elements in the section to search.

Returns

The zero-based index of the first occurrence of item within the range of elements in the List<T> that starts at index and contains count number of elements, if found; otherwise, –1.

Exceptions

index is outside the range of valid indexes for the List<T>.

-or-

count is less than 0.

-or-

index and count do not specify a valid section in the List<T>.

Examples

The following example demonstrates all three overloads of the IndexOf method. A List<T> of strings is created, with one entry that appears twice, at index location 0 and index location 5. The IndexOf(T) method overload searches the list from the beginning, and finds the first occurrence of the string. The IndexOf(T, Int32) method overload is used to search the list beginning with index location 3 and continuing to the end of the list, and finds the second occurrence of the string. Finally, the IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) method overload is used to search a range of two entries, beginning at index location two; it returns –1 because there are no instances of the search string in that range.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>();

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Mamenchisaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Brachiosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>();

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 2, 2): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1

Remarks

The List<T> is searched forward starting at index and ending at index plus count minus 1, if count is greater than 0.

This method determines equality using the default equality comparer EqualityComparer<T>.Default for T, the type of values in the list.

This method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is count.

See Also

IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T)

Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire List<T>.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(T item);
public int IndexOf (T item);
abstract member IndexOf : 'T -> int
override this.IndexOf : 'T -> int
Public Function IndexOf (item As T) As Integer
Parameters
item

The object to locate in the List<T>. The value can be null for reference types.

Returns

The zero-based index of the first occurrence of item within the entire List<T>, if found; otherwise, –1.

Implements

Examples

The following example demonstrates all three overloads of the IndexOf method. A List<T> of strings is created, with one entry that appears twice, at index location 0 and index location 5. The IndexOf(T) method overload searches the list from the beginning, and finds the first occurrence of the string. The IndexOf(T, Int32) method overload is used to search the list beginning with index location 3 and continuing to the end of the list, and finds the second occurrence of the string. Finally, the IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32) method overload is used to search a range of two entries, beginning at index location two; it returns –1 because there are no instances of the search string in that range.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>();

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Mamenchisaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Brachiosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
        dinosaurs->IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>();

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3));

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}", 
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Brachiosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "IndexOf(""Tyrannosaurus"", 2, 2): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus"): 0
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5
'
'IndexOf("Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1

Remarks

The List<T> is searched forward starting at the first element and ending at the last element.

This method determines equality using the default equality comparer EqualityComparer<T>.Default for T, the type of values in the list.

This method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

See Also

Applies to