Stack<T>.Count Stack<T>.Count Stack<T>.Count Stack<T>.Count Property

Definition

Gets the number of elements contained in the Stack<T>.

public:
 property int Count { int get(); };
public int Count { get; }
member this.Count : int
Public ReadOnly Property Count As Integer

Property Value

The number of elements contained in the Stack<T>.

Implements

Examples

The following code example demonstrates several properties and methods of the Stack<T> generic class, including the Count property.

The code example creates a stack of strings with default capacity and uses the Push method to push five strings onto the stack. The elements of the stack are enumerated, which does not change the state of the stack. The Pop method is used to pop the first string off the stack. The Peek method is used to look at the next item on the stack, and then the Pop method is used to pop it off.

The ToArray method is used to create an array and copy the stack elements to it, then the array is passed to the Stack<T> constructor that takes IEnumerable<T>, creating a copy of the stack with the order of the elements reversed. The elements of the copy are displayed.

An array twice the size of the stack is created, and the CopyTo method is used to copy the array elements beginning at the middle of the array. The Stack<T> constructor is used again to create a copy of the stack with the order of elements reversed; thus, the three null elements are at the end.

The Contains method is used to show that the string "four" is in the first copy of the stack, after which the Clear method clears the copy and the Count property shows that the stack is empty.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Stack<string> numbers = new Stack<string>();
        numbers.Push("one");
        numbers.Push("two");
        numbers.Push("three");
        numbers.Push("four");
        numbers.Push("five");

        // A stack can be enumerated without disturbing its contents.
        foreach( string number in numbers )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nPopping '{0}'", numbers.Pop());
        Console.WriteLine("Peek at next item to destack: {0}", 
            numbers.Peek());
        Console.WriteLine("Popping '{0}'", numbers.Pop());

        // Create a copy of the stack, using the ToArray method and the
        // constructor that accepts an IEnumerable<T>.
        Stack<string> stack2 = new Stack<string>(numbers.ToArray());

        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the first copy:");
        foreach( string number in stack2 )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }
        
        // Create an array twice the size of the stack and copy the
        // elements of the stack, starting at the middle of the 
        // array. 
        string[] array2 = new string[numbers.Count * 2];
        numbers.CopyTo(array2, numbers.Count);
        
        // Create a second stack, using the constructor that accepts an
        // IEnumerable(Of T).
        Stack<string> stack3 = new Stack<string>(array2);

        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:");
        foreach( string number in stack3 )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nstack2.Contains(\"four\") = {0}", 
            stack2.Contains("four"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nstack2.Clear()");
        stack2.Clear();
        Console.WriteLine("\nstack2.Count = {0}", stack2.Count);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

five
four
three
two
one

Popping 'five'
Peek at next item to destack: four
Popping 'four'

Contents of the first copy:
one
two
three

Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:
one
two
three




stack2.Contains("four") = False

stack2.Clear()

stack2.Count = 0
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example

    Sub Main

        Dim numbers As New Stack(Of String)
        numbers.Push("one")
        numbers.Push("two")
        numbers.Push("three")
        numbers.Push("four")
        numbers.Push("five")

        ' A stack can be enumerated without disturbing its contents.
        For Each number As String In numbers
            Console.WriteLine(number)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Popping '{0}'", numbers.Pop())
        Console.WriteLine("Peek at next item to pop: {0}", _
            numbers.Peek())    
        Console.WriteLine("Popping '{0}'", numbers.Pop())

        ' Create another stack, using the ToArray method and the
        ' constructor that accepts an IEnumerable(Of T). Note that
        ' the order of items on the new stack is reversed.
        Dim stack2 As New Stack(Of String)(numbers.ToArray())

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contents of the first copy:")
        For Each number As String In stack2
            Console.WriteLine(number)
        Next
        
        ' Create an array twice the size of the stack, compensating
        ' for the fact that Visual Basic allocates an extra array 
        ' element. Copy the elements of the stack, starting at the
        ' middle of the array. 
        Dim array2((numbers.Count * 2) - 1) As String
        numbers.CopyTo(array2, numbers.Count)
        
        ' Create a second stack, using the constructor that accepts an
        ' IEnumerable(Of T). The elements are reversed, with the null
        ' elements appearing at the end of the stack when enumerated.
        Dim stack3 As New Stack(Of String)(array2)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:")
        For Each number As String In stack3
            Console.WriteLine(number)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Contains(""four"") = {0}", _
            stack2.Contains("four"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Clear()")
        stack2.Clear()
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "stack2.Count = {0}", _
            stack2.Count)
    End Sub
End Module

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'five
'four
'three
'two
'one
'
'Popping 'five'
'Peek at next item to pop: four
'Popping 'four'
'
'Contents of the first copy:
'one
'two
'three
'
'Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:
'one
'two
'three
'
'
'
'
'stack2.Contains("four") = False
'
'stack2.Clear()
'
'stack2.Count = 0

Remarks

The capacity of the Stack<T> is the number of elements that the Stack<T> can store. Count is the number of elements that are actually in the Stack<T>.

The capacity is always greater than or equal to Count. If Count exceeds the capacity while adding elements, the capacity is increased by automatically reallocating the internal array before copying the old elements and adding the new elements.

Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation.

Applies to