Hashtable.ContainsKey(Object) Hashtable.ContainsKey(Object) Hashtable.ContainsKey(Object) Hashtable.ContainsKey(Object) Method

Definition

Determines whether the Hashtable contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool ContainsKey(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool ContainsKey (object key);
abstract member ContainsKey : obj -> bool
override this.ContainsKey : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function ContainsKey (key As Object) As Boolean

Parameters

key
Object Object Object Object

The key to locate in the Hashtable.

Returns

true if the Hashtable contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example shows how to determine whether the Hashtable contains a specific element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   myHT->Add( 1, "one" );
   myHT->Add( 2, "two" );
   myHT->Add( 3, "three" );
   myHT->Add( 4, "four" );
   
   // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
   Console::WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myValue = "nine";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
}

void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT )
{
   int i = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myHT->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de =  *safe_cast<DictionaryEntry ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Hashtable contains the following values:
         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
         [0]:    4       four
         [1]:    3       three
         [2]:    2       two
         [3]:    1       one
         [4]:    0       zero

 The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
 The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
 The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesHashtable  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
      Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();
      myHT.Add( 0, "zero" );
      myHT.Add( 1, "one" );
      myHT.Add( 2, "two" );
      myHT.Add( 3, "three" );
      myHT.Add( 4, "four" );

      // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
      Console.WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   }


   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable myHT )  {
      int i = 0;
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myHT )
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The Hashtable contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    4       four
        [1]:    3       three
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    1       one
        [4]:    0       zero

The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

*/ 
Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesHashtable

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add(0, "zero")
        myHT.Add(1, "one")
        myHT.Add(2, "two")
        myHT.Add(3, "three")
        myHT.Add(4, "four")

        ' Displays the values of the Hashtable.
        Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT)

        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Console.Write("The key ""{0}"" is ", myKey)
        If(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine("in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine("NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myKey = 6
        Console.Write("The key ""{0}"" is ", myKey)
        If(myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myValue = "nine"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If(myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

    End Sub 'Main

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT As Hashtable)
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "-INDEX-" + vbTab + "-KEY-" + vbTab + "-VALUE-")
        Dim de As DictionaryEntry
        For Each de In  myHT
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}" + vbTab + "{2}", i, de.Key, de.Value)
            i = i + 1
        Next de
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues

End Class 'SamplesHashtable 


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Hashtable contains the following values:
'         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
'         [0]:    4       four
'         [1]:    3       three
'         [2]:    2       two
'         [3]:    1       one
'         [4]:    0       zero
'
' The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
' The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
' The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
' The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

Remarks

This method behaves exactly as Contains.

This method is an O(1) operation.

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

Applies to

See also