Converter<TInput,TOutput> Converter<TInput,TOutput> Converter<TInput,TOutput> Converter<TInput,TOutput> Delegate

Definition

Represents a method that converts an object from one type to another type.

generic <typename TInput, typename TOutput>
public delegate TOutput Converter(TInput input);
public delegate TOutput Converter<in TInput,out TOutput>(TInput input);
type Converter<'Input, 'Output> = delegate of 'Input -> 'Output
Public Delegate Function Converter(Of In TInput, Out TOutput)(input As TInput) As TOutput 
Type Parameters
TInput

The type of object that is to be converted.

TOutput

The type the input object is to be converted to.

Parameters
input

The object to convert.

Return Value
TOutput

The TOutput that represents the converted TInput.

Inheritance
Converter<TInput,TOutput>Converter<TInput,TOutput>Converter<TInput,TOutput>Converter<TInput,TOutput>

Examples

This section contains two code examples. The first demonstrates the Converter<TInput,TOutput> delegate with the ConvertAll method of the Array class, and the second demonstrates the delegate with the ConvertAll method of the List<T> generic class.

Example 1

The following code example defines a method named PointFToPoint that converts a PointF structure to a Point structure. The example then creates an array of PointF structures, creates a Converter<PointF, Point> delegate (Converter(Of PointF, Point) in Visual Basic) to represent the PointFToPoint method, and passes the delegate to the ConvertAll method. The ConvertAll method passes each element of the input list to the PointFToPoint method and puts the converted elements into a new list of Point structures. Both lists are displayed.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
{
    return Point((int) pf.X, (int) pf.Y);
};

void main()
{
    // Create an array of PointF objects.
    array<PointF>^ apf = {
        PointF(27.8F, 32.62F),
        PointF(99.3F, 147.273F),
        PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F) };


    // Display each element in the PointF array.
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(PointF p in apf)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }

    // Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
    array<Point>^ ap = 
        Array::ConvertAll(apf, 
            gcnew Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint)
        );

    // Display each element in the Point array.
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(Point p in ap)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an array of PointF objects.
        PointF[] apf = {
            new PointF(27.8F, 32.62F),
            new PointF(99.3F, 147.273F),
            new PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F) };

        // Display each element in the PointF array.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( PointF p in apf )
            Console.WriteLine(p);

        // Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
        Point[] ap = Array.ConvertAll(apf, 
            new Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint));

        // Display each element in the Point array.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( Point p in ap )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }
    }

    public static Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
    {
        return new Point(((int) pf.X), ((int) pf.Y));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create an array of PointF objects.
        Dim apf() As PointF = { _
            New PointF(27.8, 32.62), _
            New PointF(99.3, 147.273), _
            New PointF(7.5, 1412.2)  }

        ' Display each element in the PointF array.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As PointF In apf
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next
        
        ' Convert each PointF element to a Point object.
        Dim ap() As Point = Array.ConvertAll(apf, _
            New Converter(Of PointF, Point)(AddressOf PointFToPoint))

        ' Display each element in the Point array.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As Point In ap
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function PointFToPoint(ByVal pf As PointF) _
        As Point

        Return New Point(CInt(pf.X), CInt(pf.Y))
    End Function
End Class
' The example produces the following output:
'       {X=27.8, Y=32.62}
'       {X=99.3, Y=147.273}
'       {X=7.5, Y=1412.2}
'       
'       {X=28,Y=33}
'       {X=99,Y=147}
'       {X=8,Y=1412}

Example 2

The following code example defines a method named PointFToPoint that converts a PointF structure to a Point structure. The example then creates a List<T> of PointF structures, creates a Converter\<PointF, Point> delegate (Converter(Of PointF, Point) in Visual Basic) to represent the PointFToPoint method, and passes the delegate to the ConvertAll method. The ConvertAll method passes each element of the input list to the PointFToPoint method and puts the converted elements into a new list of Point structures. Both lists are displayed.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
{
    return Point((int) pf.X, (int) pf.Y);
};

void main()
{
    List<PointF>^ lpf = gcnew List<PointF>();

    lpf->Add(PointF(27.8F, 32.62F));
    lpf->Add(PointF(99.3F, 147.273F));
    lpf->Add(PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F));

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(PointF p in lpf)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }

    List<Point>^ lp = 
        lpf->ConvertAll<Point>(
            gcnew Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint)
        );

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(Point p in lp)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(p);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<PointF> lpf = new List<PointF>();

        lpf.Add(new PointF(27.8F, 32.62F));
        lpf.Add(new PointF(99.3F, 147.273F));
        lpf.Add(new PointF(7.5F, 1412.2F));

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( PointF p in lpf )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }

        List<Point> lp = lpf.ConvertAll( 
            new Converter<PointF, Point>(PointFToPoint));

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( Point p in lp )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(p);
        }
    }

    public static Point PointFToPoint(PointF pf)
    {
        return new Point(((int) pf.X), ((int) pf.Y));
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}

{X=27,Y=32}
{X=99,Y=147}
{X=7,Y=1412}
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim lpf As New List(Of PointF)

        lpf.Add(New PointF(27.8, 32.62))
        lpf.Add(New PointF(99.3, 147.273))
        lpf.Add(New PointF(7.5, 1412.2))

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As PointF In lpf
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next

        Dim lp As List(Of Point) = lpf.ConvertAll( _
            New Converter(Of PointF, Point)(AddressOf PointFToPoint))

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each p As Point In lp
            Console.WriteLine(p)
        Next

    End Sub

    Public Shared Function PointFToPoint(ByVal pf As PointF) _
        As Point

        Return New Point(CInt(pf.X), CInt(pf.Y))
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'{X=27.8, Y=32.62}
'{X=99.3, Y=147.273}
'{X=7.5, Y=1412.2}
'
'{X=28,Y=33}
'{X=99,Y=147}
'{X=8,Y=1412}

Remarks

This delegate is used by the ConvertAll method of the Array class and the ConvertAll method of the List<T> class to convert each element of the collection from one type to another.

Applies to