IDbTransaction IDbTransaction IDbTransaction IDbTransaction Interface

Definition

Represents a transaction to be performed at a data source, and is implemented by .NET Framework data providers that access relational databases.

public interface class IDbTransaction : IDisposable
public interface IDbTransaction : IDisposable
type IDbTransaction = interface
    interface IDisposable
Public Interface IDbTransaction
Implements IDisposable
Derived
Implements

Examples

The following example creates instances of the derived classes, SqlConnection and SqlTransaction. It also demonstrates how to use the BeginTransaction, Commit, and Rollback methods.

private static void ExecuteSqlTransaction(string connectionString)
{
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();

        SqlCommand command = connection.CreateCommand();
        SqlTransaction transaction;

        // Start a local transaction.
        transaction = connection.BeginTransaction("SampleTransaction");

        // Must assign both transaction object and connection
        // to Command object for a pending local transaction
        command.Connection = connection;
        command.Transaction = transaction;

        try
        {
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();

            // Attempt to commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit();
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Commit Exception Type: {0}", ex.GetType());
            Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0}", ex.Message);

            // Attempt to roll back the transaction.
            try
            {
                transaction.Rollback();
            }
            catch (Exception ex2)
            {
                // This catch block will handle any errors that may have occurred
                // on the server that would cause the rollback to fail, such as
                // a closed connection.
                Console.WriteLine("Rollback Exception Type: {0}", ex2.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0}", ex2.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}
Private Sub ExecuteSqlTransaction(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Using connection As New SqlConnection(connectionString)
        connection.Open()

        Dim command As SqlCommand = connection.CreateCommand()
        Dim transaction As SqlTransaction

        ' Start a local transaction
        transaction = connection.BeginTransaction("SampleTransaction")

        ' Must assign both transaction object and connection
        ' to Command object for a pending local transaction.
        command.Connection = connection
        command.Transaction = transaction

        Try
            command.CommandText = _
              "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')"
            command.ExecuteNonQuery()
            command.CommandText = _
              "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')"

            command.ExecuteNonQuery()

            ' Attempt to commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit()
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.")

        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Commit Exception Type: {0}", ex.GetType())
            Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0}", ex.Message)

            ' Attempt to roll back the transaction.
            Try
                transaction.Rollback()

            Catch ex2 As Exception
                ' This catch block will handle any errors that may have occurred
                ' on the server that would cause the rollback to fail, such as
                ' a closed connection.
                Console.WriteLine("Rollback Exception Type: {0}", ex2.GetType())
                Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0}", ex2.Message)
            End Try
        End Try
    End Using
End Sub

Remarks

The IDbTransaction interface allows an inheriting class to implement a Transaction class, which represents the transaction to be performed at a data source. For more information about Transaction classes, see Transactions and Concurrency.

An application does not create an instance of the IDbTransaction interface directly, but creates an instance of a class that inherits IDbTransaction.

Classes that inherit IDbTransaction must implement the inherited members, and typically define additional members to add provider-specific functionality. For example, the IDbTransaction interface defines the Commit method. In turn, the OleDbTransaction class inherits this property, and also defines the Begin method.

Notes to Implementers

To promote consistency among .NET Framework data providers, name the inheriting class in the form Prv Transaction where Prv is the uniform prefix given to all classes in a specific .NET Framework data provider namespace. For example, Sql is the prefix of the SqlTransaction class in the System.Data.SqlClient namespace.

Properties

Connection Connection Connection Connection

Specifies the Connection object to associate with the transaction.

IsolationLevel IsolationLevel IsolationLevel IsolationLevel

Specifies the IsolationLevel for this transaction.

Methods

Commit() Commit() Commit() Commit()

Commits the database transaction.

Rollback() Rollback() Rollback() Rollback()

Rolls back a transaction from a pending state.

Applies to