OleDbCommand OleDbCommand OleDbCommand OleDbCommand Class


Represents an SQL statement or stored procedure to execute against a data source.

public ref class OleDbCommand sealed : System::Data::Common::DbCommand, ICloneable, IDisposable
public sealed class OleDbCommand : System.Data.Common.DbCommand, ICloneable, IDisposable
type OleDbCommand = class
    inherit DbCommand
    interface ICloneable
    interface IDbCommand
    interface IDisposable
Public NotInheritable Class OleDbCommand
Inherits DbCommand
Implements ICloneable, IDisposable


The following example uses the OleDbCommand, along OleDbDataAdapter and OleDbConnection, to select rows from an Access database. The filled DataSet is then returned. The example is passed an initialized DataSet, a connection string, a query string that is an SQL SELECT statement, and a string that is the name of the source database table.

public void ReadMyData(string connectionString)
    string queryString = "SELECT OrderID, CustomerID FROM Orders";
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
        OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand(queryString, connection);
        OleDbDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader();

        while (reader.Read())
            Console.WriteLine(reader.GetInt32(0) + ", " + reader.GetString(1));
        // always call Close when done reading.
Public Sub ReadMyData(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Dim queryString As String = "SELECT OrderID, CustomerID FROM Orders"
    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        Dim command As New OleDbCommand(queryString, connection)


        Dim reader As OleDbDataReader = command.ExecuteReader()
        While reader.Read()
            Console.WriteLine(reader.GetInt32(0).ToString() + ", " _
               + reader.GetString(1))
        End While

        ' always call Close when done reading.
    End Using
End Sub


When an instance of OleDbCommand is created, the read/write properties are set to their initial values. For a list of these values, see the OleDbCommand constructor.

OleDbCommand features the following methods executing commands at a data source:

Item Description
ExecuteReader Executes commands that return rows. ExecuteReader may not have the effect that you want if used to execute commands such as SQL SET statements.
ExecuteNonQuery Executes commands such as SQL INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, and SET statements.
ExecuteScalar Retrieves a single value, for example, an aggregate value from a database.

You can reset the CommandText property and reuse the OleDbCommand object. However, you must close the OleDbDataReader before you can execute a new or previous command.

If a fatal OleDbException (for example, a SQL Server severity level of 20 or greater) is generated by the method executing an OleDbCommand, the OleDbConnection, the connection may be closed. However, the user can reopen the connection and continue.


OleDbCommand() OleDbCommand() OleDbCommand() OleDbCommand()

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbCommand class.

OleDbCommand(String) OleDbCommand(String) OleDbCommand(String) OleDbCommand(String)

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbCommand class with the text of the query.

OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection)

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbCommand class with the text of the query and an OleDbConnection.

OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection, OleDbTransaction) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection, OleDbTransaction) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection, OleDbTransaction) OleDbCommand(String, OleDbConnection, OleDbTransaction)

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbCommand class with the text of the query, an OleDbConnection, and the Transaction.


CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents

Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(Inherited from Component)
CommandText CommandText CommandText CommandText

Gets or sets the SQL statement or stored procedure to execute at the data source.

CommandTimeout CommandTimeout CommandTimeout CommandTimeout

Gets or sets the wait time before terminating an attempt to execute a command and generating an error.

CommandType CommandType CommandType CommandType

Gets or sets a value that indicates how the CommandText property is interpreted.

Connection Connection Connection Connection

Gets or sets the OleDbConnection used by this instance of the OleDbCommand.

Container Container Container Container

Gets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode

Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(Inherited from Component)
DesignTimeVisible DesignTimeVisible DesignTimeVisible DesignTimeVisible

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the command object should be visible in a customized Windows Forms Designer control.

Events Events Events Events

Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Parameters Parameters Parameters Parameters

Gets the OleDbParameterCollection.

Site Site Site Site

Gets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Transaction Transaction Transaction Transaction

Gets or sets the OleDbTransaction within which the OleDbCommand executes.

UpdatedRowSource UpdatedRowSource UpdatedRowSource UpdatedRowSource

Gets or sets how command results are applied to the DataRow when used by the Update method of the OleDbDataAdapter.


Cancel() Cancel() Cancel() Cancel()

Tries to cancel the execution of an OleDbCommand.

Clone() Clone() Clone() Clone()

Creates a new OleDbCommand object that is a copy of the current instance.

CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type)

Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
CreateParameter() CreateParameter() CreateParameter() CreateParameter()

Creates a new instance of an OleDbParameter object.

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from Component)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
ExecuteNonQuery() ExecuteNonQuery() ExecuteNonQuery() ExecuteNonQuery()

Executes an SQL statement against the Connection and returns the number of rows affected.

ExecuteReader() ExecuteReader() ExecuteReader() ExecuteReader()

Sends the CommandText to the Connection and builds an OleDbDataReader.

ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior)

Sends the CommandText to the Connection, and builds an OleDbDataReader using one of the CommandBehavior values.

ExecuteScalar() ExecuteScalar() ExecuteScalar() ExecuteScalar()

Executes the query, and returns the first column of the first row in the result set returned by the query. Additional columns or rows are ignored.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService()

Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type)

Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(Inherited from Component)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Prepare() Prepare() Prepare() Prepare()

Creates a prepared (or compiled) version of the command on the data source.

ResetCommandTimeout() ResetCommandTimeout() ResetCommandTimeout() ResetCommandTimeout()

Resets the CommandTimeout property to the default value.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. This method should not be overridden.

(Inherited from Component)

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone()

For a description of this member, see Clone().

IDbCommand.CreateParameter() IDbCommand.CreateParameter() IDbCommand.CreateParameter() IDbCommand.CreateParameter()

Creates a new instance of an IDbDataParameter object.

IDbCommand.ExecuteReader() IDbCommand.ExecuteReader() IDbCommand.ExecuteReader() IDbCommand.ExecuteReader()

For a description of this member, see ExecuteReader().

IDbCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) IDbCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) IDbCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior) IDbCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior)

Executes the CommandText against the Connection, and builds an IDataReader using one of the CommandBehavior values.


Disposed Disposed Disposed Disposed

Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(Inherited from Component)

Applies to

See also