SqlError SqlError SqlError SqlError Class


Collects information relevant to a warning or error returned by SQL Server.

public ref class SqlError sealed
public sealed class SqlError
type SqlError = class
Public NotInheritable Class SqlError


The following example displays each SqlError within the SqlErrorCollection collection.

public static void ShowSqlException(string connectionString)
    string queryString = "EXECUTE NonExistantStoredProcedure";
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(queryString, connection);
        catch (SqlException ex)

private static void DisplaySqlErrors(SqlException exception)
    for (int i = 0; i < exception.Errors.Count; i++)
        Console.WriteLine("Index #" + i + "\n" +
            "Error: " + exception.Errors[i].ToString() + "\n");
Public Sub ShowSqlException(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Dim queryString As String = "EXECUTE NonExistantStoredProcedure"

    Using connection As New SqlConnection(connectionString)
        Dim command As New SqlCommand(queryString, connection)


        Catch ex As SqlException
        End Try
    End Using
End Sub

Private Sub DisplaySqlErrors(ByVal exception As SqlException)
    Dim i As Integer

    For i = 0 To exception.Errors.Count - 1
        Console.WriteLine("Index #" & i & ControlChars.NewLine & _
            "Error: " & exception.Errors(i).ToString() & ControlChars.NewLine)
    Next i
End Sub


This class is created by the .NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server when an error occurs. An instance of SqlError is created and managed by the SqlErrorCollection, which in turn is created by the SqlException class.

Messages with a severity level of 10 or less are informational and indicate problems caused by mistakes in information that a user has entered. Severity levels from 11 through 16 are generated by the user, and can be corrected by the user. Severity levels from 17 through 25 indicate software or hardware errors. When a level 17, 18, or 19 error occurs, you can continue working, although you might not be able to execute a particular statement.

The SqlConnection remains open when the severity level is 19 or less. When the severity level is 20 or greater, the server usually closes the SqlConnection. However, the user can reopen the connection and continue. In both cases, a SqlException is generated by the method executing the command.

For more information on errors generated by SQL Server, see Cause and Resolution of Database Engine Errors. For more information about severity levels, see Database Engine Error Severities.


Class Class Class Class

Gets the severity level of the error returned from SQL Server.

LineNumber LineNumber LineNumber LineNumber

Gets the line number within the Transact-SQL command batch or stored procedure that contains the error.

Message Message Message Message

Gets the text describing the error.

Number Number Number Number

Gets a number that identifies the type of error.

Procedure Procedure Procedure Procedure

Gets the name of the stored procedure or remote procedure call (RPC) that generated the error.

Server Server Server Server

Gets the name of the instance of SQL Server that generated the error.

Source Source Source Source

Gets the name of the provider that generated the error.

State State State State

Some error messages can be raised at multiple points in the code for the Database Engine. For example, an 1105 error can be raised for several different conditions. Each specific condition that raises an error assigns a unique state code.


Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Gets the complete text of the error message.

Applies to

See also